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Doug Dyren lives on a 430-acre farm in Wisconsin, who has been in his family for 115 years and holds more than 200 acres of it wild deer hunt.
This is a huge plot of land that can be hunted ̵
This phrase is particularly important nowadays for hunters like Duren, as a disease called Chronic Disease Loss (CWD) continues to spread through the population of deer that includes animals like deer, moose and moose.
Duryn has dealt with him on his land. Three of the 30 deer killed in his property last season have produced positive results for CWD and he is worried because the disease is already open in 24 countries across the country. From the point of view of hunting and the prospect of public health, will we agree with the fact that the majority of our deer walk with a disease that will kill them in two years' time? "He asked on Saturday after returning home from an adjacent fishing ride. that the disease can be transferred to people through the consumption of deer. Michael Osterholm, director of the Center for Research and Policy on Infectious Diseases at the University of Minnesota, told state legislators last week that he was concerned that it might happen soon.
The contaminated meat will be documented in the coming years, he told the Minnesota lawmaker last week. "It is possible that the number of human cases will be significant and will not be an isolated case."
Often compared to mad cow disease, the disease comes from a form of protein called a prion that is collected in the brain and lymph of the animal nodes. Disease is always fatal, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, but before death can cause animals to lose weight and coordination and make them grow in aggression.
But many titles published shortly after Osterholm's testimony warned about a "zombie deer" disease that could soon infect those people who Dureen and many other hunters protect, and pedagogues say it is less useful.
Steven Rinella, a cookbook author of the MeatEater Podcast and the Netflix television series, which boasts the same name, calls the illusion of the disease "one of the worst cases in the past week"
"It's always disturbing, when something similar caught in the ordinary media and turns out to be quite wrong and unnecessary Although Rinella, 45, was not a fan of recent coverage, he said he was very concerned about the disease and watched his spread across the country. throughout your career. This disease is not new, he says: The first case was found in Colorado in the 1960s and grew significantly in the early 2000s.
Today, Rinella, like Dureen, says testing is part of the hunt. Daniel Craw, on the right, looks at a photo taken by Dan Rutland from Crow's nine deer in the center of Plain, Wisconsin, on November 21, 2016. Barry Adams / Wisconsin State Journal through the AP File
About the CWD in the Hunt community seems to be limited to people who deal with them in hunting areas, "says Rinella. "People wake up as they come home. I would like to see a greater level of concern from hunters who are in areas that are not yet affected. "
Due to the continuing spread of the disease, government agencies remain vigilant, and many of them create places where hunters can throw the deer heads to test for the disease. They get results within seven to ten days.
Keith Stevens, Chief Communication Officer of the Arkansas Game and Fish Commission, said his state has 35 drop-out posts in the state where hunters can wrap the heads of their deer in plastic, attach a note and put them in a freezer . They also work with taxidermists and train hunters at every opportunity.
But the amount of tests they make for free for state hunters is expensive, especially because they have to send everything to test in Madison, Wisconsin. Some countries have their own test facility.
Would you feed this meat on your 4-year-olds, knowing it could be infected?
"The individual test is not expensive, but from 2016 we've tested nearly 19,000 deer," Stephens said. "I think that's about $ 20 a piece, so it's added. But we think it is important to make sure that hunters are comfortable for deer consumption in Arkansas. "
Some countries have invested in creating head programs to reduce infected populations of deer and others have poured dollars into further research to find light or any form of solution. But all this requires money.
While the federal government is investing millions of dollars to investigate chronic disease loss after declaring a state of emergency in 2001, this money worsens in the years to come and is not reinvested. The Interior Ministry refused to comment
Sen. Amy Klobucher, one of the Democratic party's presidential candidates, pushed the federal funding congress at the end of last year.
Reducing funding is a problem for many hunters because they say there are so many things they do not know about CWD and whether they can "The hardest part is that there are so many unknowns," said Jeff Minsterman, who hunts near his home in Pennsylvania. "They did not prove it happened, but would you have fed this meat to your 4-year-old, knowing it could be infected?"
Rinella said following science and investing in research. 19659007] "I think all federally elected officials from any country where a deer hunt is a culture must pay much attention to this," Rinella said. "There is a huge industry for rural communities around deer hunting and there are potentially major concerns about public safety."
Senne. John Barrasso, R-Wyo., Joined a bipartisan group of senators from across the country to introduce a bill earlier this month, which directed the US Department of Agriculture and Geological Survey to work with the academies of science to further study of the disease.
The bill will engage the groups to provide a study for 180 days, all of which will be paid by the Ministry of the Interior and the Ministry of Interior.
The survey is welcome for hunters and affected states, as people involved in trade say CWD puts a popular American game in jeopardy.
Deer hunting attracted more than 8.1 million hunters in 2016, according to the 2016 census and the US Fish and Wildlife Service. Collectively, these people have spent nearly $ 15 billion on travel and equipment, which has helped float large American industry and many rural towns.
There is, however, fear that the CWD hysteria may affect whether people travel or buy certain products.
"I see it destroys the sporting goods stores and some companies because people do not come, do not buy the equipment, and it's hard to see it, and they do not know if it's a solution," said Minsterman, who is
it is difficult to ignore the potential health concerns as they are closely intertwined eating and hunting.
An open-air recreational and natural resource company called Responsive Management opened in 2017 that 39% of hunters are pursuing meat sports. A March 2017 Alliance report on public wilderness says that according to estimates, up to 15,000 hunting families eat HIV-infected meat every year. The report says that their number increases annually by about 20% due to the spread of the disease.
"Fortunately, nobody has ever had a CWD-positive eel diet, but I would like to have a crystal ball. to see if this is still the case or not, in 25 years, "says Rinella, who studies her animals after hunting in infected areas. "Uncertainty is difficult."