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Home https://server7.kproxy.com/servlet/redirect.srv/sruj/smyrwpoii/p2/ World https://server7.kproxy.com/servlet/redirect.srv/sruj/smyrwpoii/p2/ Icelanders can't remember the hot summer. It's nice and disturbing

Icelanders can't remember the hot summer. It's nice and disturbing



The summer was so hot and dry that the water level in the famed Red Lake near Reykjavik dropped from 140 centimeters to just 70 centimeters, according to the Met Office. The lake now looks more like a swamp.

The drought also caused less salmon to swim across Iceland's rivers. The National Fisheries Association says salmon fishing is halving compared to last summer.

Ögmundardóttir stated that the pace at which the country's landscapes were changing was alarming, even by Icelandic standards.

"Nature here is really changeable and powerful and people just have to accept it if they want to live here … but the speed, it's brand new and it's huge," she said.

"When you see glaciers get they withdraw by tens of meters a year, and see the vegetation is changing fast, we have invasive species now … This is something new and only because of the temperature increase. So it's tangible, it's very visible, "she said.

Change is coming here quickly. Skeiðará was one of the largest glacial rivers on the island. Then in 2009, it almost completely disappeared. The glacier feeding it retreated two kilometers (1.2 miles) over the last two decades and forced the flowing water in different directions.

"For about 10 days or a week, the Skeiðará River essentially dried up," said Andrew Russell, a professor of physical geography at the University of Newcastle of the United Kingdom, which specializes in ice systems.

Glaciers shrink because the amount of ice that melts in warmer summers is much greater than the ice that accumulates in winters.

"You can think of it as spending money on your account," said Haldor Bjornsson, a leading weather and climate researcher at the Icelandic Met Office. "If you make less money, well, you'll drain your bill."

  The plaque now commemorates the recently-lost Okukul Glacier.

Historical maps show that glaciers have repeatedly shrunk and grown in Iceland. By the end of the 19th century, when glaciation reached its newest peak, they retreated 2,000 square kilometers. But 600 square kilometers have disappeared since 2000.

"We've seen these things happen before, we've had episodes where some glaciers go away, but now they happen on a much larger scale," says Bjornsson.

Bulging Earth

Melting glaciers have other consequences. Heavy ice masses weigh down the ground, compressing what is below. When they melt, the land rises and the sea level drops.

Land in central Iceland rises more than three centimeters (1.1 inches) a year, according to scientists at the University of Iceland. This can lead to major infrastructure problems, especially in ports that become shallower and more difficult to moor ships.

"When we talk about climate change, we almost always talk about rising sea levels as a negative thing, so you would think, 'Oh, they have a sea level decline, beneficial to them' … but that's not the way

"It turns out that falling at sea level can be just as big of a problem as it is with rising sea levels. "

There's more to worry about. The Earth's crust, the outermost cover of the planet, is thin in Iceland, and geologists leave wondering what will happen to the volcanic activity beneath it if it protrudes more.

Skeiðará River is not the only Icelandic natural wonder that has recently disappeared due to climate change.Okiokul, a glacier in the eastern part of the island, has melted over the past few years.There is now a plaque commemorating its existence.More glaciers will follow

unlike many pages Iceland, struggling with the economic impact of climate change, may see some benefits – at least in the short term.

Studies by the Agricultural University of Iceland show that the country can grow more cereals thanks to a warmer climate

The fishing industry of Iceland has also seen the impact. After the turn of the century, mackerel escaping from the warming ocean waters began mass migration into the territorial waters of Iceland. Earlier sparse around the island, mackerel suddenly became plentiful and Icelandic fishing boats wanted to take advantage of the shift.

When Reykjavik's attempts to raise its official fishing quota fail, the country unilaterally increases it, sparking a multinational conflict called "mackerel wars".

  The stunning landscape of Iceland is attracting an increasing number of tourists.

[19659006] Iceland has elected Catherine Jacobsdotir, a conservationist and leader of the left-green movement, as prime minister in 2017. Under her leadership, the country has adopted a carbon neutral plan before 2040.

The government has already increased carbon taxes by 50%, he agreed to ban new diesel and gasoline vehicles from 2030 and introduced incentives to electrify his transportation system.

He is also committed to planting more trees to mitigate emissions that cannot be cut.

Tourists rush through

But all these efforts have one major problem.

Following its economic crisis in 2008, Iceland has become a major tourist destination. According to the Icelandic Statistical Authority, the number of tourist nights spent in Iceland has jumped from 2.7 million in 2008 to 8.5 million in 2018.
  Blue Lagoon Iceland opens a new new luxury hotel

The sector has contributed 8.5% to the country's GDP and employs about 30,000 people during the summer season. With a total population of just over 360,000, this is a significant sector.

The remote location of Iceland means that flights and cruise ships are the only way to attract tourists.

  People at the site of the Okiokul Glacier after a monument was discovered there.

"There are concerns about tourism-related greenhouse gas emissions, emissions from land (s) land transport with all rental cars … "It's a big concern about cruise ship pollution," says Lara Johansdotir, professor of environment and natural resources at the University of Iceland. "There are fears that we may have too many tourists."

Icelanders and tourists are also watching the changing landscape.


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