Senator Elizabeth Warren stood under a marble arch in New York, telling thousands of people that she would lead a movement to clear the government of corruption. Not far from the site of a historic industrial disaster, Ms. Warren identified Washington as highly compromised by the influence of corporations and the extremely wealthy, and laid out a detailed plan for its cleanup.
"Corruption puts our planet at risk, corruption disrupts our economy, and corruption disrupts our democracy," Ms Warren said Monday evening. "I know what's wrong, I have a plan to fix it, and that's why I'm running for President of the United States."
"We are fighting against the corrupt establishment of the past," Mr. Trump said, warning in a somber language: "They want to erase American history, crush religious freedom, indoctrinate our students with leftist ideology. "
The two back-to-back addresses "On Monday night, they outlined competing versions of populism that could come to determine the presidential campaign. To the right, has the strain that Mr. Trump has matured in 2016, joining longstanding complaints. of the white working class with a newer, darker anger about immigration and cultural change And on the left is a very different populist wave, which is still gaining momentum, economically defined by Mrs. Warren, a Massachusetts Democrat, and Senator Bernie Sanders of Vermont.
Messages by Mrs. Warren and Mr. Trump conveyed, emphasizing the possibility of the 2020 elections to be the first in a generation to be held without an ally of the centrist organization of any of the countries on the ballot. Although it is by no means certain that Ms Warren will prove herself a Democratic nominee, two of her party's top three candidates – Ms Warren and Mr Sanders – are picking up on topics of economic inequality and promises for rapid political and social reform.  Their version of populism, which Mr Sanders introduced but failed to produce when he challenged Hillary Clinton in 2016, is about attacking concentrated wealth and economic power and destroying his influence on the government. Ms Warren and Mr Sanders, effectively tied for second in the party's main party, both described the country's political institutions as rotten and promised to make huge changes in the economy.
Both lag behind Joseph R. Biden, Jr.. , a former vice president, in the Democratic race; Mr Biden came across a far more conventional message for incremental improvements to center-left politics and expressed reservations about the rhetoric of his more liberal rivals on corporations and billionaires. The party is currently locked in a major debate about how best to build an electoral majority and whether Democrats would be better served by voters with a reassuring promise to return to normal or with a more activist message. economic and social injustice.
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These divergent strains of populism are far from new in American politics: for much of contemporary country history, mass social movements that appeal to the government or big business compete with other forces that provoke outrage. racial and cultural minorities, immigrants and foreign countries.
For some Democrats, the task of delivering a credible message of attack and changing the broken Washington system is a defining challenge to the 2020 election. Tiffany Mueller, head of the influential End Citizens United Clean Government Group, said her organization's research show that many swaying voters still see Mr Trump as a political outsider with what Ms Müller calls undeserved faceted ethical independence
What we have seen is that Trump actually maintains power over that in question – to be honest, voters do not know whom to trust on the issue of corruption and the cleansing of Washington, "Ms. Mueller said in an interview Monday afternoon. "We must continue with his power on this matter and win some of the voters we lost in 2016."
Ms. Warren proposed a number of new reforms to his remarks at Washington Square Park in New York City, near the factory fire of the 1911 Shirtwaist Triangle, which he cited as an example of working-class oppression. He also highlighted a number of others that he outlined earlier, including a ban on lobbying by foreign governments, strict restrictions on trading in shares by government officials, and new ethics for presidents and judges. She introduced herself not only as an opponent of Mr Trump, whom she called "corruption in the flesh," but she wrote a lot on the Washington system.
"Too many politicians in both parties have convinced themselves that they are playing money for – playing with influence is the only way to do things," said Ms. Warren, promising to do things differently: "No more business, as usual. Let's attack corruption. "
Mr Trump's version of populism is extremely different and already well known to most voters. Although he has periodically pursued rhetorical goals for some large corporations, such as pharmaceutical companies, he largely abandoned the early efforts to leverages its rhetoric to drain the swamp from the 2016 campaign. It has invited business and lobbyists to its administration and a number of cabinet departments and agencies have been carefully scrutinized for potential conflicts of interest, including the Environmental Protection Agency and the Ministry
But Mr. Trump still positioned himself for his re-election bid as a brawler to fight establishment, in the same regime that helped him remove the white blue collars from Mrs. Klin. Ng three years ago. He continues to join blue collar issues on issues such as foreign trade with culturally conservative priorities such as gun rights and immigration restriction. And Mr Trump is sometimes equated with right-wing leaders in countries like France and Brazil who share his pugilism and contempt for cultural elites.
On Monday in New Mexico, Mr. Trump avoided some of the most inflammatory calls for bigotry he has made in the past, but still reiterates a set of blunt warnings to the crowd: Democrats, he said, will introduce immigration policies, which would disrupt their work and "make every city in America a haven for alien criminals. "
And in a state where oil and gas production is a major source of employment, Mr. Trump said Democrats would impose environmental policies that would enable" foreign producers "and dig into lucrative mining industries.
"Under the Green New Deal, everything goes," Mr Trump said, caricaturing the Democrats as seeking to eliminate cars and planes. "They will call us a hermit nation – we will never leave our house."
If Mr. Trump cites Democrats and Liberals as a collective, he does not offer specific criticism of Mrs. Warren or Mr. Sanders, or distinctive policies. that they exhibit, with the exception of the shared approval of Medicare for All. His lone reference to Ms. Warren was set in motion by her challenged claims of Native American origin, a scathing personal attack that Mr. Trump said was "coming back."
Mrs. For his part, Warren mentioned only Mr. Trump in a relatively short passage in his speech, saying that he pits people against each other based on their identities so they "don't notice that he and his friends are stealing more and more than the wealth of our country. “