The successful separation of the Chandrayan-2 orbit and the landing cleared the way for a historic landing attempt on September 6.
HELSINKI – India will try to become the fourth side of the moon's soft land on Friday after the successful separation of Chandrayan -2 landing gear and orbit early Monday.
The separation event took place at 3:45 a.m. Eastern Monday, just below the day after the Chandrayan-2 spacecraft made a final change in orbit to lower its orbit to 119 – with lunar orbit. 127 kilometers.
"All Chandrayan-2 Orbiter and Lander systems are sound," the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) said in a statement released shortly after the split. [1
The Vikram landlord is now ready to perform two deorbit burns, at 11:30 pm on September 2 and 5:30 pm on September 3 Eastern to lower its orbit to a planned 36- by 110-kilometer orbit. They will be followed by a power down and a push between 4pm. and 5 a.m. Eastern on September 6.
The successful removal on Friday of Vikram land would turn India into the fourth country to reach the moon landing after the United States, the former Soviet Union and China.
The 1471-pound farmer is named after Dr. Vikram A Sarabhai, founder of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). In addition, it carries a 27-pound rover named Pragyan, which translates as "wisdom" in Sanskrit.
Long Lunar Journey
Chandrayan-2 took a relatively round trip to the moon. The launch took place on July 22 at the Satish Dhawan Space Center on top of a GSLV Mk 3 launch vehicle, with five orbital maneuvers performed prior to the trench injection. August 13 The spacecraft entered lunar orbit on August 20, then launched five orbits. burn before the final 52-second burn on Sunday.
The Chandrayan-2 Orbiter is designed to operate in a 100 km lunar polar orbit for one year. His eight payloads include a Terrain Mapping Map that will produce a 3D map to study lunar mineralogy and geology. It also carries an X-ray spectrometer, a solar X-ray monitor, an imaging spectrometer and a high-resolution camera.
Vikram will communicate with both the terrestrial deep-sea Indian space network in Byalalu, near Bangalore, and the orbit. It will also facilitate communication with the rover by carrying two payloads, a speed of 1 centimeter per second and a range of 500 meters. Both the lander and the rover have a lifetime of one lunar day equivalent to about 14 Earth days.
Mission science objectives include mapping, surface composition study, signature detection of hydroxyl and water ice, and investigation of the weak lunar exosphere.
Chandrayaan-2 is the second ISRO lunar mission after the Chandrayaan-1 orbit launched in October 2008.