قالب وردپرس درنا توس
Home https://server7.kproxy.com/servlet/redirect.srv/sruj/smyrwpoii/p2/ Science https://server7.kproxy.com/servlet/redirect.srv/sruj/smyrwpoii/p2/ India has a long way to go before it can use Space for Modern Warfare

India has a long way to go before it can use Space for Modern Warfare



Holding the high ground has always connoted a position of advantage or superiority in the military.

Just last year, the US has signaled this by establishing a sixth branch of its military: a re-established US Space Command with its own 'Space Force'. The Chinese have created the Strategic Support Force, the fifth branch of their military in 2015, with responsibilities for space and cyber warfare. This is the context in which we need to see India's somewhat cautious decision to establish a Defense Space Agency (DSA).

From the outset, space has evoked interest from a military point of view and, indeed, most space programs were military run. The Outer Space Treaty bans the placement of nuclear weapons in space and prohibits the national appropriation of celestial objects or building military installations.

The decision to create the DSA is in keeping with India's parsimonious space program. Equally, it has to navigate through the conflicting claims of agencies like the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) and the National Technical Research Office (NTRO) for the control of space-based assets

India is the country that pioneered multi-tasking satellites like those of the INSAT series, and in defense terms, too, it finds it convenient to insist that different agencies share the use of assets

In most countries, civilian applications of space were an offshoot of their essentially military programs. India was the odd one out, insisting that its program was aimed at serving developmental goals. India has gone out of its way to make its program as transparent as possible, providing all sorts of details about the technologies it is developing, its test processes, and so on

One reason for this was ISRO's decision to get all the foreign assistance it could get in the Pre-Missile Technology Control Regime era.

As for the military applications, India had the Defense Research and Development Organization, which went along its own road to try and develop missiles. However, when this did not work, they imported knowhow from ISRO in the form of A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, who helped develop the SLV-3, used the knowledge to develop the Agni series. Eventually, India settled for a model that exploits the dual nature of many space applications

India began to exploit space for telecommunication, remote sensing and navigation in the 1

980s, but its use for defense was limited to obtaining images from organizations like SPOT of France. Subsequently, it developed its own imaging vehicles, offshoots of civilian effort, such as the Indian Remote Sensing (IRS) satellite program in the 1980s. In 2001, it launched an imaging satellite called the Technology Experiment Satellite (TES).

But it was only with the Cartosat series, starting in 2005, that India got its own satellites capable of providing militarily useful imagery, though only some work

Other militarily important multi-taskers are the Resourcesat 2 (2011) series, weather satellites like SARAL (2013), OceanSat 2 (2009) and the RISAT 2 (2009) and RISAT 1 (2012).

The DIA, set up in the wake of the 2001 reforms, runs the Defense Processing and Analysis Center, which has a satellite reception center at Gwalior to analyze satellite data. The NTRO, which was given control of the military satellites, has its own station in Assam. Its mandate is to provide raw information to the Central Archival Facility so that it can be accessed by all users

In the field of communications, ISRO's INSAT series has been providing the country with the capability for telecommunications and TV broadcasting . But the first satellite dedicated to military communications, the GSAT 7 (aka INSAT 4F), was launched only in 2013. This was to serve the needs of the Indian Navy. Then, in December 2018, it launched the GSAT 7A to service the requirements of the Indian Air Force.

In the field of navigation, India has come up with its Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) to provide a GPS-like

In the early decades, space was used by the military in a mostly passive manner – to obtain imagery, electronic intelligence and for communication and navigational aids. However, increasingly, the importance of rapid encrypted communications and imagery to provide battle-space awareness has become an important factor in modern warfare. So has the ability of space-based systems to guide fighter jets, UAVs and munitions. Indeed, many militaries see the use of space as vital to their ability to fight and win wars.

So, we have seen a military interest in blinding adversary satellites, jamming their signals or even capturing and destroying them. This is a whole new world of what is called "counter-space" missions. The Indian ASAT test was just the tip of the iceberg, and somewhat outdated demonstration. Countries like the US and China have moved to other techniques, such as ramming satellites or ground-based or space-based lasers to take them out.

The future environment is likely to see even more intense use of satellites, perhaps constellations of smaller satellites, which can provide real-time information on demand. In an environment where satellites can be disabled or neutralized, the military would have the ability to quickly replace them – in other words, have their own launch vehicles and satellites

It is not surprising that India has set up a DSA. Simultaneously, it has also signaled a sharp increase in its space-related activities. In the next decade, ISRO will be working on new rocket engines, launch vehicles, launcher configurations, propulsion systems, fuel types, etc. It also hopes to launch an orbital crewed spacecraft by 2022, and more recently, ISRO chief announced the goal of establishing a space station by 2030.

As in the case of other countries, many of these missions will develop technologies that have

But India has a long way to go, not just in the area of ​​counter-space technologies – where its lone ASAT test does not really amount to much. The challenge comes as much from dual-use space technologies as robots to inspect, repair and dispose of damaged satellites, as from satellites that could be armed with lasers

India's capabilities for using space for military purposes are extremely limited.

Imagery satellites like Cartosat and RISAT may provide useful imagery, but India has a long way to go before it can be near real-time (19659024)! function (f, b, e, v, n, f, b, e, v, n, t, s)
                        {if (f.fbq) return; n = f.fbq = function () {n.callMethod?
                        n.callMethod.apply (n, arguments): n.queue.push (arguments)};
                        if (! f._fbq) f._fbq = n; n.push = n; n.loaded =! 0; n.version = '2.0';
                        n.queue = []; t = b.createElement (e); t.async = 0;
                        t.src = v; s = b.getElementsByTagName (s) [0];
                        s.parentNode.insertBefore (t, s)} (window, document, 'script'
                        'https://connect.facebook.net/en_US/fbevents.js');
                        fbq ('init', '1031643143533563');
                        fbq ('track', 'PageView');
                    
Source link