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India is preparing for a historic moon landing near the south pole of the moon




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ISRO

India is preparing to attempt its first landing on the moon on Friday, September 6, after its spacecraft orbits the moon as it prepares for landing.

Earlier today, Friday, August 30, the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) lowered the mission's orbit of Chandrayan-2 1

24 kilometers from 164 kilometers around the moon, the fourth maneuver so far in lunar orbit for the spacecraft. the anew is scheduled for September 1, before the mission lander – called Vikram – will detach from orbit on September 2.

Chandrayan-2, which launches on July 22 is India's second mission to the moon after Chandrayan-1's mission in 2008. However, this is the nation's first attempt to bring to the surface – only the fourth nation to do so after the Soviet Union, the US and China.

The mission consists of an orbiter, a Vikram knight, and a small rover called Pragyan. After Vikram is separated from orbit, it will lower its orbit around the moon until it is at most 100 kilometers above the surface. Then at 6.10 P.M. Eastern Time on Friday, September 6th (1.40 pm Local Time in India on September 7th) will begin a 15-minute final descent to the surface, eventually touching 6.25 P.M. Eastern time.

Vikram is intended to land near the lunar South Pole in what is more accurately referred to as the South Pole region. This is a scientifically intriguing region where water ice is thought to be trapped below the surface or stored in shady craters. Future lunar plans have nailed this region where ice can be used as a valuable resource.

"The globe awaits our data," Dr. Kailasavadivoo Sivan, chairman of ISRO last week, told a press conference. "We will be landing for the first time at the South Pole and NASA has already announced a project to create a human habitat from something at the South Pole. So this will contribute to a program that has a major impact on humanity. "

Four hours after landing, the pagan ridge will pass by a ramp from the lander to the surface. Then the science of the mission can begin, with the lander and rover equipped with a set of surface examination tools. Vikram will measure its seismology and temperature, among other purposes, while Pragyan will study the composition of the lunar material and make images.

Both landers and rovers are designed to continue for one lunar day, 14 Earth days, until night falls and the temperature drops dramatically. However, after a 14-day lunar night, they may wake up again, but this is not guaranteed. At least the orbit will continue to operate for up to a year and continue to study the lunar surface.

Chinese Chang's-4 was the last moon landing mission, touching down across the far side of the moon in January 2019. Meanwhile, Chang's mission in 2013 was the first mission to land the moon after the mission of the moon 24 of the Soviet Union in 1976. Just recently in April 2019, SpaceIL-based Beresheet lander crashed in an attempt to land on the moon.

Landing India is anything but safe in itself. Dr. Sivan estimated their chances of success at only 37 percent with the decisive moment in the semi-autonomous landing being the last "15 minutes of terror". If everything went according to plan, however, India would be enrolled in books on lunar history – and at the beginning of this a new move to the southern polar region began.

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ISRO

India is preparing to try its first moon landing on Friday, September 6th

Earlier today, Friday, August 30, the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) lowered the orbit of the Chandrayan-2 mission to 124 kilometers from 164 kilometers around. The moon, the fourth maneuver so far in the lunar orbit for the spacecraft. October, before the mission's lander – called Vikram – departs from orbit on September 2.

Chandrayaan-2, which launches on July 22, is India's second mission to the moon after Chandrayan – 1 mission in 2008. However, this is The nation's first attempt to get to the surface – which would make them only the fourth nation to do so after the Soviet Union, the United States, and China.

The mission consists of an orbiter, a Vikram lander, and a small rover called Pragyan. After Vikram is separated from orbit, it will lower its orbit around the moon until it is at most 100 kilometers above the surface. Then at 6.10 P.M. Eastern Time on Friday, September 6th (1.40 pm Local Time in India on September 7th) will begin a 15-minute final descent to the surface, eventually touching 6.25 P.M. Eastern time.

Vikram is intended to land near the lunar South Pole, in what is more commonly known as the South Pole region. This is a scientifically intriguing region where water ice is thought to be trapped below the surface or stored in shady craters. Future lunar plans have nailed this region where ice can be used as a valuable resource.

"The globe awaits our data," Dr. Kailasavadivo Sivan, chairman of ISRO, told a news conference last week. "We will be landing for the first time at the South Pole and NASA has already announced a project to create a human habitat from something at the South Pole. So this will contribute to a program that has a major impact on humanity. ”

Four hours after landing, the pagan ridge will pass by a ramp from the lander to the surface. Then the science of the mission can begin, with the lander and rover equipped with a set of surface examination tools. Vikram will measure its seismology and temperature, among other purposes, while Pragyan will study the composition of the lunar material and make images.

Both landers and rovers are designed to continue for one lunar day, 14 Earth days, until night falls and the temperature drops dramatically. However, after a 14-day lunar night, they may wake up again, but this is not guaranteed. At the very least, the orbit will continue to operate for up to a year and continue to study the lunar surface.

The Chinese Chang & # 39; e-4 was the last moon landing mission, touching the other side of the moon in January 2019. Meanwhile, their Chang & # 39; -3 mission in 2013 was the first landing mission on the moon after the Soviet Union's moon mission 24 in 1976. Just recently in April 2019, the Israel-based spacecraft Bereshet crashed. his attempt to land on the moon.

The landing of India is anything but guaranteed in itself. Dr. Sivan estimated their chances of success at just 37 percent, with the last "15 minutes of terror" being the decisive moment in the semi-autonomous landing. If all went according to plan, however, India would enroll in the books on lunar history – and start a new tide in the southern polar region in the process.


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