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Indians fail to control blood sugar levels: explore India News



Mumbai: While it is well known that India is the capital of diabetes in the world, it seems that throughout the country there is little awareness of the need to control blood sugar levels. All levels of HbA1c in India, a blood test to determine mean blood glucose levels over a three month period, amounted to 8.5% in May 2019 – about 3% higher than normal sugar levels.
The picture becomes more dull at city level – from Mumbai to Kolkata and from Delhi to Chennai. Mumbai, the financial capital where people complain of high levels of stress and showing poor sleep, has an average reading of 8.2%, while the national capital of Delhi is worse ̵
1; 8.8%. The study, part of the ongoing longstanding study of the New Nordic Education Foundation, looked at the readings of patients with 1.8 lakh in 28 cities. Diabetes, which is a condition where the body's ability to process blood sugar disturbs its metabolism and over the years affects the central organs such as the kidneys, eyes, nervous system, etc.
The study also looks at how HbA1c levels change for one year in 28 cities. Bengaluru recorded an increase in HbA1c from 8.3% in June 2018 to 8.4% in May 2019. In the same period, however, Chennai (8.4% to 8.2%) and Kolkata (8.4% to 8.1%) recorded a decline. And in Gurgaon, the levels fell from 8.6% to 8.5%. Smaller cities like Khandwa showed 9% in June 2018, but fell to 8.2% in May 2019.
In Hyderabad the levels were more or less static (8.59% and 8.6%). "The number of diabetic patients in India is rising in low socio-economic layers. They are not aware of the importance of the condition and how to control it. The result is a high average sugar level and complications at an early age, "says Dr. Anop Mizra. The study is part of Novo Nordisk, India, the latest Indian Diabetes Care Index that maps diabetes and care in the country. "The cost of diabetes treatment in India alone is estimated at 63,000 rupees in 2017, with 72,9 million people in India suffering from diabetes and 80% receiving no treatment," the report said.
Dr. Ambris Mittal, head of Medindi endocrinology, Gurgaon Medicine, says the diabetes epidemic is still growing in India. "Until a few years ago, diabetes is something that happens to people over 40, but we are seeing it more and more often in 20 years," says the doctor. He said that nearly 60% of patients who had been through a bypass in the hospital had diabetes as the main cause.
"In many metro cities, nearly 40% of people over 60 have diabetes. That's worrying, "he said. Endocrinologist Dr Shashank Joshi of Lilavati Hospital in Mumbai said: "The 7% level is the magical number that endocrinologists are looking for for their diabetic patients. But in some cases it can be alleviated. For older people, doctors would be satisfied with a 7.5% estimate, while 6.5% are satisfactory for pregnant women and adolescents. "
The key is to keep the price of sugar and work for a lower figure, he added. The Indian Diabetes Index also reports that uncontrolled diabetes causes more than three cases of diabetes-related complications of the heart, eyes, kidneys, nerves and limbs. The company launched Impact India, a 1000-day challenge to reduce the average HbA1c in India by 1% by 2021. "Focus should be on prevention, but we have that in patients taking medicines, the burden on their own health, families, place is lower, "says Dr. Mittal.

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