Israel prepares a historic mission to land on the Moon
An artist's impression of the Beresheet spacecraft on the moon surface.
Exclusive list of countries that landed a spacecraft on the moon will receive a new addition this year. on the top of the SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket. Beresheet, the Hebrew word for "starter," is expected to land on the moon surface about two months later. Only three countries ̵
1; the United States, the Soviet Union and China – have made successful "soft landings" on the lunar surface.
The Beresheet spacecraft, in a temperature-controlled container, was loaded into a cargo plane at Ben Gurion Airport in Israel and then flown to Florida.
(Photo: Eliran Avital)
Beresheet was born of the Google Lunar XPRIZE race to land a unmanned probe on the moon. The $ 30 million contest was eliminated without a winner last year, after the organizers said none of the five finalists would make the deadline for releasing the Moon on March 31, 2018.
However, the Israeli team continued to develop her spacecraft weighing 397 pounds. Earlier this month Beresheet was transported from Ben Gurion Airport to Israel to Orlando International Airport in Florida – and thence to Cape Canaveral.
The launch of the SpaceX's Launch Complex 40 (SLC-40) was launched no earlier than mid-February, according to the Israeli space organization SpaceIL, which developed the spacecraft with Israel Aerospace Industries. rendering Beresheet conducting its scientific mission to measure the magnetic field of the Moon.
After its two-month voyage, the probe will land at Mars Serenityatis in the northern hemisphere of the Moon. SpaceIL notes that the site has magnetic anomalies, allowing Beresheet's magnetometer to make measurements as part of a scientific experiment. Data from the magnetometer developed with the Israeli Weizmann Institute of Science will be shared with NASA. "Our ultimate goal is to create a profile of the Moon's magnetic field and understand its origins," said Weizmann Institute Professor and SpaceIL mission scientist Oded Aharonson, in a statement. to the moon. Consisting of three discs, the time capsule data includes symbols such as the Israeli flag and national anthem, Hatikvah. Dictionaries in 27 languages are also on the discs, along with the Bible and a children's book inspired by the mission. 19659020] (on the left) IAI Space Manager General Opher Doron; SpaceIL President Morris Cannes; and SpaceIL Director General Ido Anteby. “/>
(From Left) IAI Opher Doron Space Manager General; SpaceIL President Morris Cannes; and CEO of SpaceIL Ido Anteby.
(Photo: Tomer Levi)