The study, which surveyed more than 300,000 people in 117 countries last year, found that 68% of adults in the world would receive a vaccine if offered free of charge. About 29% of respondents say they will give up vaccination, and another 3% say they do not know.
This global average falls below the range needed for the herd’s immunity against the new coronavirus, which experts say falls between 70% and 85%.
The 2020 Gallup World Survey was the largest survey of its kind conducted last year, taking into account the extent to which human life has changed during the historic pandemic year. However, based on its time frame, the survey could not determine how attitudes toward the vaccine could change, as the shots were fired in the first few months of 2021
Still, the survey offers a snapshot of how attitudes can change and where the quest for vaccination can be most difficult.
For example, vaccine variability in the United States at the time of the survey was significantly lower at 53% and was not about to strike the herd’s immunity at the time. Data from local surveys collected in the months following the 2020 World Survey show that US sentiment is warming to Covid-19 vaccination, with 74% in the United States saying a local Gallup survey in March said it would rank higher. for a shot authorized by the US Food and Drug Administration.
In some regions, such as Southeast Asia, the desire for vaccination was already strong in 2020. Myanmar, for example, had a global high of 96% of the population willing to be vaccinated, according to the survey. It was the only country on the road to clear the highest herd immunity threshold.
Myanmar’s neighbor Thailand was also in the herd range of 85%, Nepal was 87% and nearby Laos and Cambodia were 84%.
However, the story is quite different in Eastern Europe and many post-Soviet republics. The lowest vaccine demand in the world is in Kazakhstan, with only 25% of those surveyed saying they will receive a free vaccine. In Hungary, the figure is 30%, Bulgaria is 33%, and in Russia, the first country to release the Covid-19 vaccine, only 37% in 2020 are ready to make a shot that can prevent coronavirus infection.
Cleaning effects on workers
A new Gallup study also found that about 1.7 billion adults have temporarily stopped working in 2020 as the coronavirus pandemic has halted the world’s economies.
The majority of adults, 53%, report having stopped working or working for a period of time as a result of the global health crisis.
In the highest class, Zimbabwe saw that 79% of its workers were out of work. The Philippines and Peru lagged 77% and 75%, respectively.
On the other side of the economic spectrum, only 6% of German workers report having stopped working for some time. The only other countries where less than one in 10 workers have stopped working are Austria and Switzerland.
Many of the same countries have performed poorly in numerous measures in which Gallup is involved. The Philippines also topped the list of total pandemic job losses, with 64% losing their jobs or businesses. Zimbabwe was in third place with 62% of its workers losing their jobs. Again, this was a wealthy European nation from the opposite end, this time Switzerland, in which only 3% lost their jobs.
In total, one in three people in the world who were employed when the pandemic hit reported losing their jobs. In eight countries, more than half of workers have lost their jobs. Measured in large numbers, India is hardest hit, with 400 million people, or 53% of its workforce, losing their jobs.
In the United States, job losses are limited to 13% of the population or 30 million workers.
It seems that those who have adhered to work have reduced their salaries. “Half of those who had jobs at the time of the survey (50%) said they received less money than usual from their employers because of the COVID-19 pandemic. That leads to about 1.6 billion adults.” said Gallup.