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Less beef, more beans. Experts say the world needs a new diet



NEW YORK (AP) – Hamburger weekly but no more – that's so much red meat that people need to eat to do the best for the health and the planet, according to a report seeking to revise the world diet . 19659002] Eggs should be limited to less than four per week, the report said. Dairy foods should be about one serving a day or less.

The Nutrition, Agriculture and Environment Expert Report recommends a plant based diet based on previously published studies linking red meat with increased risk problems. It also comes amid recent research into how eating habits affect the environment. The production of red meat occupies land and feed for cattle breeding, which also emit methane from greenhouse gases. the recommendations of the report do not reflect the level of scientific uncertainty regarding nutrition and health.

"Evidence is not as strong as it seems," said Joanidis.

The report was organized by EAT, a Stockholm-based non-profit organization. striving to improve the nutritional system and published on Wednesday by the medical journal Lancet. The group of experts who have written says that "Big Food Transformation" is urgently needed by 2050 and that the optimal diet they outline is flexible enough to fit food crops around the world.

In general, the diet promotes whole grains, beans. , fruits and most vegetables, and says to limit the added sugars, refined grains like white rice and starch like potatoes and cassava. According to him, the consumption of red meat should be halved globally, although the necessary changes vary depending on the region, and reductions will have to be more dramatic in richer countries like the United States.

Convincing people to restrict meat, cheese and eggs will not be easy, however, especially in places where these foods are a remarkable part of the culture.

In Sao Paulo, Brazil, system analyst Cleberson Bernards said he was leaving a restaurant with a barbecue that allowed only one serving of red meat per week to be "ridiculous." In Berlin, Germany, master Eric Langewood said there are better ways to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and rejected the assumption that the world needs to reduce the amount of meat. "said Langgut, a region known for his sausages.

Before appearing environmental effects, the report tried to outline what the healthiest diet would look like for people, said Walter Willett, one of Harvard University's author and nutrition researcher. Although eggs are no longer believed to increase the risk of heart disease, Wilhelm says the report recommends limiting them as studies show that snacks with whole grains, nuts and fruits would be healthier. and that many already limit the amount of meat they eat.

"Think of it as a lobster ̵

1; something I really like, but I have it a couple of times a year," said Willett.

Tips for limiting red meat is not new and is tied to the content of saturated fats, which is also found in cheese, milk, nuts and packaged foods with coconut and palm oil. The report notes that most evidence of diet and health is from Europe and the United States. In the Asian countries, a great analysis of poultry and red meat (mostly pork) has been linked to improved life expectancy. This may be due in part to the fact that people can consume smaller quantities of meat in these countries, the report said. Nutritional cholesterol, for example, is no longer considered to be highly bound to cholesterol in the blood.

The meat and dairy industry also challenges the recommendations of the report, saying their products provide important nutrients and can be part of a healthy diet. Mente, an investigator of nutritional epidemiology at McMaster University, called for caution before making widespread dietary recommendations that he believes could have unintended consequences. health and the transition to plant diets. They note that the recommendations are consistent with the US diet guidelines that say they limit saturated fat to 10 percent of calories. they should not follow the path of richer countries in that amount of these foods they eat in the coming years.

Although estimates vary, a report by the United Nations says animals are responsible for about 15% of global gaseous emissions

Robbie Andrew, senior researcher at CICERO Center for International Climate Research in Norway, said that agricultural practices that make animals grow faster and bigger can help reduce emissions. But he says that cows and other ruminants produce a lot of methane, a powerful greenhouse gas. "It is very difficult to reduce these natural emissions that are part of their biology," Andrew said. to give up the red meat depends on what people eat in their place. Chicken and pork produce much less beer emissions, says Andrew, adding that plants are generally among the smallest carbon footprints.

Brent Löcken, author of the EAT-Lancet report, says the report sets out the parameters of an optimal diet, but recognizes the challenge of understanding how to work with politicians, food companies and others in adapting and implementing it in different regions.


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