"Take it away, Lindsay!"
"What can I tell you about Trump's policy towards Ukraine: It was inconsistent, it depends on whom you speak, they seem incapable of forming a quid pro quo, so no, i find the whole process is a shaman and i will not legitimize it am. "
Okay, well. So what we have here is this argument: The Trump White House is so disorganized that they couldn't make it quid pro quo! They are too incompetent! yes, this whole thing is a shame!
(Sidebar: We heard this same argument from Republicans privately during the Muller poll in Russia. The Trump campaign was too disorganized to speak of!)
Ukrainians could not understand that the White House, in Graham's formulation, was too disorganized to stimulate the quid pro quo. All they knew was that Sundland told Supreme Commander Zelensky in what he believed the way to release aid was.
Graham's argument is a classic attempt to turn past events in a way that none of the players could reasonably to expect to find out now. And incompetence, even if not fully known, is not an excuse anyway.
Point : Call Graham's "explanation" what it really is – a bad rotation that directly contradicts the known facts.