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Map Explains China's Resistance against Uighur Muslims in Xinjiang



The Uighurs, mainly the Muslim ethnic minority in Xinjiang, western China, live in one of the world's toughest police and oppressive states. This map helps explain why.

People in Xinjiang are watched by tens of thousands of face detection cameras and apps for surveillance of their phones. About 2 million of them are locked in internment camps where people are physically and psychologically abused. The Chinese government has for years blamed the Uighurs for terror and said the group is importing Islamic extremism into Central Asia.

But there is another reason why Beijing wants to strengthen the Uyghurs in Xinjiang: The region is home to some of the most important elements of the Belt and Road (BRI) initiative, a leading Chinese trade project.

BRI, which came into force in 201

3, aims to connect Beijing with around 70 countries around the world through rail, gas, sea and other infrastructure projects. It is considered to be a pet project for President Xi Jinping and an important part of his political heritage.

The map above shows Xinjiang's position on various BRI infrastructure projects.

Chinese President Cai Dingping in Beijing in September 2018. He has high goals for the Belt and Path initiative.
Lintao Jang / Getty Images

Reason for a Trillion Dollar for Xinjiang Defeat

Separated between six land routes called "Economic Belt of the Silk Road" and one sea road – "Silk Road" . Xinjiang is home to many projects along the economic belt of the Silk Road, as the map shows. China is expected to have invested $ 1 trillion to $ 8 trillion in the project, the Center for Strategic and International Studies said. Trade in goods between China and other BRI countries amounts to only $ 1.3 trillion in 2018, the Xinhua State Information Agency quoted the Chinese Ministry of Commerce as saying.

Read more: China's $ 1 trillion infrastructure project can encourage the spread of invasive species of birds and reptiles

Many infrastructure projects such as China-Kazakhstan built in 2014 are included in the Belt and Experts point out that China's growing attention to BRI projects coincides with Beijing's repression in Xinjiang. China accused the militant Uighurs of being terrorists and instigating violence throughout the country at least since the early 2000s, as many Uyghur separatists left China for places like Afghanistan and Syria to become fighters.

But her campaign of repression only intensified in the last two years, under the control of Chen Kwango, secretary of the Communist Party who previously designed the intensive surveillance program in Tibet. The normal people in Xinjiang have disappeared or detained in internment camps for weak reasons, such as placing clocks in a different time zone or communicating with people from other countries, even relatives.

Read more: This man's family disappeared in the most oppressive region of China. Last month saw her son for the first time in two years in a Chinese propaganda video.

A woman and a child are waiting in front of the school entrance, fitted with surveillance cameras and barbed wire with barbed wire in Beijing, Xinjiang, in August 2018. Rushan Abbas, a Uyghur activist in Virginia, told Business Insider: "This has everything to do with Xi Jinping's signature project, the Belt Initiative and the road, "because the Uyghur land is at the heart of the most important moment of the Jinping's signature project.

Abbas is one of the many Uighurs abroad who are now in the mission of China to drown the Uighurs. disappeared in Xinjiang City six days after Abbas criticized China's human rights report in Washington, DC She believes that the disappearance of her family is a direct consequence of her activism Read more: The relatives of the repressed Chinese Muslim minority are blocked online by members of their families who are terrified even to tell them how bad their lives are

] Adrian Zentz, an academic expert The Chinese minority policy told The New York Times earlier this year: "The role of Xinjiang has changed significantly with BRI," and that China's ambitions have turned Xinjiang into a "core region" of the economic development.

Uighur activist Rushan Abbas (right) and his sister Gulshan Abbas (left) in Virginia in 2015. Gulshan Abbas disappeared in Urumqi, Xinjiang in September 2018.
With the kind assistance of Rushan Abbas

Penny shows that Beijing has made further efforts to make sure that the countries participating in the BRI do not speak about Xinjiang.

Since December last year, Chinese authorities have invited dozens of journalists and diplomats from at least 16 countries – many of whom, like nearby Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Pakistan, are participating in BRI for highly controlled Xinjiang tours. – educational camps.

China keeps the tours as evidence that they have nothing to hide in the region. Euphemistically called camps "free vocational training", which makes life "colorful".

Strange photos from the press conference show that ethnic Uighur men and women who run dancing and music recitals in classrooms work with sewing machines and study the words of Prokita songs from a textbook.

Foreign journalists were shown on this strange dance performance in the classroom during a government-sponsored visit to Kashgar, Xinjiang, on January 4, 2019.
Ben Blanchard / Reuters

19659002] China plans another trip later this month for diplomats from Pakistan, Venezuela, Cuba, Egypt, Cambodia, Russia, Senegal and Belarus.

But representatives of the United Nations and activists from groups such as Human Rights Watch – who were unable to run a campaign to access the region – were not invited.

Sophie Richardson, the Chinese director of Human Rights Watch, wrote last month: "Beijing has a long history of diplomatic exhibitions for dogs and ponies, and the visit of diplomats is not a substitute for reliable, independent assessment."

People identified as residents at the Kashgar City Center for Vocational Education were sitting on a Chinese lesson. This picture was taken during a highly government-sponsored visit to Kashgar on January 4, 2019.
Ben Blanchard / Reuters

But the shows have worked for some of these countries.

Mumtaz Zahra Baloch, the interim manager at the Pakistani embassy in China, told the Global Times State Table: "Our visit reinforced my notions of this region that it has a multicultural and multiethnic identity that is crucial to the development of the western regions of China and that it is an important regional link within the Belt and Road Initiative

. "Xinjiang is ready to play a decisive role in the development of the Cola and Road initiative.


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