Explore the high resolution version of this amazing map by clicking here
For centuries, Mars was mythically defined by its characteristic red look.
In Babylonian Astronomy, Mars is named after the god of fire, war and destruction. In Chinese and Japanese texts, the planet is known as the, fiery star . Although this unique reddish tinge is a key feature of Mars in culture for centuries, we now know that this is the iron oxide soil of the Martian landscape that makes it a "Red Planet" – and that at a closer Observation of Mars has much more of its color
The above-mentioned map, published and created by Reddit / hellofmthemoon, brings along with the evidence of centuries-old observations and numerous missions to the Red Planet to map its geology on a large scale.
The red dot in the sky
Egyptian astronomers initially observed the planet Mars four thousand years ago and called it the "red chorus." Babylonian astronomers marked their way through the night sky to follow the flow of time. But only in 1
Over the centuries of advanced technology, a sequence of astronomers observed and roughly outlined everything from polar hats to yellow clouds, and white and dark spots indicating various elevations on the surface of Mars. Some of the earliest maps of Mars date back to 1831. But there are only so many you can observe right from the surface of the Earth.
On July 14, 1965, NASA successfully obtained the first photos of Mars from the Mariner 4 spacecraft, moving within 9,844 kilometers (6,117 miles) of the surface of Mars. Mariner 4 captured the image of a large ancient crater and confirmed the existence of a thin atmosphere composed mainly of carbon dioxide.
Since then, four space agencies have successfully reached Mars: NASA, the former space program of the Soviet Union, the European Space Agency, and the Indian Space Research Organization. From orbital satellites to superficial robot studies, each successful mission returns important data to develop the developing image of the planet.
Here is a complete list of two successful and unsuccessful missions on Mars. Martian Geology
On Mars we see volcanoes, canyons and impact pools similar to Earth's. The yellow colors scattered on the map show meteoric impacts of varying magnitude, while red plots show volcanoes and associated lava flows. The different brown colors indicate that the upper and middle planes that make up the majority of the southern hemisphere are cut.
The planet looks asymmetrical. The vast majority of the southern hemisphere is heavily shaken and resembles the mountains of the moon. In contrast, the northern hemisphere is rarely crater and has very large volcanoes. Mars is roughly half the Earth's diameter, but both planets have the same amount of dry land. This is because the current surface of Mars has no liquid water.
Mars and Earth are very different planets when it comes to temperature, size and atmosphere, but the geological processes of the two planets are sinisterly similar. The very magnitude of some relief forms on Mars would overshadow similar Earth features due to the lack of water erosion. This lack of erosion has preserved the geological features of billions of years ago.
The highest mountain of Mars and the solar system is Olympus Mons, and is two and a half times higher than Mt. Everest. The Martian canyon system, called Valles Marineris, is the length of the entire continental US and three times deeper than the Grand Canyon.
Mars Colony: Location, location, location
The first step towards building a colony is to find out where is the best chance of survival. For Mars, some researchers have identified the planet's poles that contain millennial ice depositions. It is believed that they contain large amounts of ice that the inhabitants of Mars can extract and convert into liquid water. make glass, bricks and plastic. In addition, the atmosphere of the planet contains enough hydrogen and methanol for fuel.
The map above is the culmination of the age-old work we are lucky to see here on a computer comfortably online so we can appreciate and wonder what life is on the surface of Mars.
Who knows what will reveal more research.
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