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Mars Mars, creating the history of NASA, declared dead



  opprover

NASA's Illustration shows what an option would look like on Mars.


NASA / JPL / Cornell University

The NASA Opportunity Navigator, the third robot wanderer who landed on Mars, changed our understanding of the Martian landscape, geology, atmosphere, and history. On Wednesday, NASA announced its mission complete and officially ended the life of the Rover. The dear robot was circling the surface of Mars for about 5,515 Earth days, just over 15 years.

During a press conference, NASA said Opportunity was not reacting to last effort on Tuesday to make contact. Planet-surrounding dust storm interrupts communications with Opportunity on June 10, 2018, preventing the storage of energy from solar panels. Since then, over 830 rescue commands have been sent to the Rover.

On Tuesday evening, despite the handing over of commands and Billy Holidays, I'll see you on Mars through Deep Space Network, the rover could not wake up.

"I learned this morning that we have not heard back," said Thomas Carchius, an associate administrator of the NASA mission, said at a press conference.

NASA Administrator Jim Britindyn shared his thoughts on Twitter, as well as a lot of emotional space fans The story of Opportunity is the one of sustainability, discovery, and astonishment – a breaker of record, a testimony to the mastery of engineers, scientists and NASA executives who have been building, working and piloting the router for more than 14 years, his last resting place lying on the west end of the Endeavor curter, in a chute, which the scientific team called the Valley of Consistency

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The rover started on 7 July 2003 and landed on Meridiani Planum on Mars on January 25, 2004. Its original mission was to continue for a little over three months, but the robust rover continued to wander in Martian soil for nearly 15 years, traveling 28.06 miles (about 45 kilometers) – the farthest distance achieved with an off-planter robot.

This is the second of the double ruvers sent to the planet in 2003 as part of the Mars Exploration Rover (MER) mission. The first rover, Spirit, hit a sand trap in 2009. NASA officially announced that its mission was completed in 2011.

Opportunity made several remarkable discoveries on Mars by penetrating the first meteorite found on another planet that revealed that Meridiani Planum was once immersed in water studying over 100 percussion craters and delivering countless stunning panoramas on a planet, some 34 million miles away.

After landing in 2004, the wheelchair-sized robot began its journey to the Endurance craft, spending six months exploring the rock foundation and sand dunes. The opportunity will continue to survey approximately half a mile (730 meters) crater Victoria between 2006 and 2008, revealing how the water has entered and left the region billions of years ago.

In 2011, it reached Endeavor, an impact crater with a width of 13.7 miles after three years of travel. He found a bright mineral vein of gypsum. At that time, Steve Squires, mission chief investigator, said, "This tells the story that water runs through underground fractures in the rock." It also broke the image of scandalous "dusty devils", whirlwinds that sometimes arise on the surface of Mars. In 2005, Opportunity was buried in the dune, a fate that has crippled and ultimately claimed to be a robotic twin. On Earth, NASA has worked to mimic Martian soil before performing careful maneuvers for free.

  Mars tracks and dust devil

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Opportunity looks back on his traces and sees the devil's dust.


NASA / JPL-Caltech

It seemed, however, that nothing could break the fearless robotic explorer. On her 5th-day Martian celebration he celebrates with her first affiliates.

The opportunity will remain dormant in the Valley of Constancy, sometimes spying on passing orbit – or perhaps in the distant future, pulled out and idolized as a pioneer, pointing the way for the first people to reach or even settle on Mars.

"Because of the first missions as" Opportunity, "a day will come when our brave astronauts will go on the surface of Mars," said Bridence.

The robot survived NASA's Curiosity Row, which remains the only active racer on the surface of Mars. NASA's Planned Mars 2020 Mars 2020 and Rosalind Franklin will be joined by NASA's Mars 2020 Mars 2020

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