The outbreak of measles across the country has urged state legislators to consider lifting vaccinations for religious and personal beliefs that have been claimed by parents of some children.
Public health experts and officials blame exceptions as one of the reasons why states are
"What you see as a religious choice could lead to negative health outcomes for other members of your community and society" , says Pat Burke, a Democratic New York member of the New York State, who has demanded the abolition of the religious release of the state.
Laws that allow parents to give up vaccination are created by states that try to achieve a delicate balance between religious freedom, personal choice and public health.
But the newest outbreaks of measles that infected 1
" This goes beyond religious freedom, "Burke said.
Each country requires pupils to be vaccinated to enroll in school, and all countries allow exceptions for children who are too ill to receive vaccines or who have a weakened immune system.
Most states allow for religious exceptions and 17 countries, including Washington and Texas, allow exceptions for both religious, personal and philosophical beliefs, according to the National Conference of State Legislators. Both Washington and Texas have seen outbreaks of measles this year
Legislators in Iowa, New Jersey and Vermont, who are already banning personal or philosophical exceptions, are now discussing proposals to abolish religious exceptions. Proposals in Maine and Oregon will remove both exceptions, while the measures in Minnesota, Colorado and Washington state, where there are 66 confirmed cases of measles this year, will only remove the personal exceptions and leave the religious exceptions on the spot.
All major medical and health organizations are opposed to religious and personal exceptions, and for years they have been calling on state legislators to abolish them.
"Protecting the health of our communities requires people not to be allowed to give up immunization just as a matter of convenience or disinformation," said American Medical Association President Dr. Barbara McAnnie in a statement to Hill.
"This is why we are calling on politicians to remove the non-medical exceptions to immunization and to call on all children and adults to be immunized unless there is a medical risk."
In countries with wider vaccine laws, the popularity of non-medical exceptions has risen Years like disinformation about vaccine risks are spreading online, "said John Cullen, President of the American Academy of Family Physicians, who opposes religious and personal or philosophical exceptions to the vaccine. "In communities where vaccination levels are low, it's a set-for measles eruption," Cullen said.
"We lose sight of how bad these epidemics are, because now we have generations that have never experienced it."
Advocates of the vaccine release claim that parents should be able to make their own decisions about the health of their children. ] "We believe that the deprivation of vaccination laws of personal beliefs is a violation of human rights, including freedom of thought, conscience and religious beliefs," said Barbara Lo Fisher, co-founder and president of the National Vaccine Information Center.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) consider MMR vaccine to protect against measles, mumps and rubella to be "very safe" and effective and recommended by any major medical association.
is an area in which it is important to have peer reviewed scientific evidence. This does not exist for the vaccine movement, "he said.
According to the CDC, the average release rate for kindergartens during the school year 2017-2018 is 2.2%, the third consecutive academic year, with a slight increase. The CDC says it's hard to understand why, but it suggests that it may be related to how easy it can be to get exceptions and parental hesitation about vaccines.
But it can be difficult for state legislators to take action on such a political dispute and a sensitive issue. In 2018, there were 17 outbreaks of measles in the United States, according to the CDC, with a total of 372 confirmed cases.
But this is not enough to spur legislative changes: no country has succeeded in adopting measures to eliminate or limit exceptions, according to the National Vaccine Information Center that opposes such proposals.
Some countries have proposed legislation this year, extending the exceptions: Arizona, Iowa, Hawaii, Mississippi, Rhode Island and West Virginia.
So far, in 2019 there were six outbreaks in four countries: New York, Illinois, Texas and Washington, according to the CDC. The CDC defines three or more cases as one outbreak in one country. 19659002] Fires may occur in communities where there is not a sufficiently high percentage of people who have been vaccinated.
Described as "herd immunity" by public health experts, at least 94% of the community must be vaccinated against measles in order to prevent the spread of the disease. The immunity of the flock protects those with a weakened immune system, infants who can not be vaccinated, or those who are too ill to receive vaccinations.
But as more and more parents claim vaccine release, experts say the disease is more likely to spread.
And the federal authorities have indicated that the government can intervene if state legislators do not.
"Some countries are committing so many exceptions that they create the possibility of outbreaks on a scale that will have national consequences," Food and Drug Commissioner Scott Gottlieb told CNN last week. some countries continue on the way they are, I think they will force the hands of federal health agencies. .