This article was produced in partnership with the Pulitzer Center for Crisis Reporting.
WASHINGTON – A military judge on Friday determined January 11, 2021, as the start of a joint death penalty trial in Guantanamo Bay by Khalid Sheikh Mohammed and four men accused of plotting on September 11, 2001, killing 29, killing 76 souls in New York, Washington and Pennsylvania.
The date set by Judge Colonel W. Shane Cohen of the Air Force signals the start of the selection of a military jury at Camp Justice, the convening of a military court at the Navy base in Cuba. For the first time, a trial judge actually sets a date for the trial to begin, despite requests from prosecutors from 201
If the 2021 deadline is maintained, jury selection will begin nine months before the 20th anniversary of the September 11 attacks. One of the main issues that the judge has not yet resolved is what evidence will be used in the trial. He begins a series of hearings next month with witnesses attempting by defense teams to exclude defendants' confessions made to F.B.I. agents in early 2006, as tarnished by the years of the C.I.A. torture.
The Judge's instructions were included in a 10-page scheduling order that set deadlines for reaching this trial date. As a first step, prosecutors must provide defense teams with a list of materials by October 1st.
The five men are charged with a conspiracy case, which describes Mr Mohammed as the architect of a plot in which 19 men abducted four commercial passenger planes and struck two of them in the World Trade Center towers and one in The Pentagon, one crashing into a field in Pennsylvania. The other four men are described as helping the abductors with training, travel or finances.
The indictment lists the names of the 2976 people who died in the attacks.
The five men were captured in Pakistan in 2002 and 2003. The CIA then detained them in a secretive prison network, the black sites where the United States tortured its prisoners on board, sleep deprivation and other abuses before delivering them to Guantánamo in 2006. This period complicates the road to real ordeal.  The men were initially charged during the Bush administration in Guantanamo. President Barack Obama stopped the case and stopped a military court known as military commissions from reviewing it with Congress, adding more protections for due process. The case also delayed the Obama administration's plan to sue them in federal court in New York, a proposal that drew political protests and legislation to prevent it.
In addition to Mr. Mohammed, the other defendants are Valid Bit Atash and Ramsay bin al-Shibh, who are described as alternatives to the attacks – Mr. bin al-Shibh is described as having organized a cell of kidnappers in Hamburg, Germany – as and Ammar al Baluchi, Mr. Mohammed's nephew, and Mustafa al Hawsawi.
They were the defendants in this case on May 5, 2012.
Since then, the judges have held more than 30 preliminary hearings to consider questions of law and evidence that will be used in the process by a military commission.
Another question that remains to be resolved is what protocols will be used to conduct the magnetic resonance of the five defendants to see if they have suffered brain or other physical harm that defense attorneys can used to justify their performance, they are condemned. The judge gave prosecutors until October 1 to identify them.
The selection of the jury – 12 members and four alternate members – is expected to continue for months, with US military officers being airlifted to and from the base of groups, as narrow and confined housing in Guantanamo. According to the current timetable, this would mean that the prosecution's own case presentation may begin with the 20th anniversary of the terrorist attack.
As a matter of national security, the hearings are held in a special courtroom that allows people sitting behind the court in the viewers' gallery to watch live but hear the proceedings with a 40-second delay. Some of the tens of thousands of victims or relatives of the victims of 9/11, including police officers and firefighters, have also been able to watch the process by video broadcast to military bases in New York, Massachusetts and Maryland.  The military court itself is a hybrid of federal and military courts. Prosecutors work for both justice and defense departments. The five suspects have both military and civilian attorneys paid by the Pentagon.
In addition to conspiracy, men have been charged with murder in violation of the law of war, attack on civilians and terrorism. Conviction can carry the death penalty, with the Secretary of Defense determining the method of execution.