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Minn. to adopt stricter emissions standards for vehicles



Minnesota would adopt stricter emissions standards for cars, trucks and SUVs, aligning itself with California in a battle with the Trump administration over energy conservation and air pollution.

Minnesota would become the 15th state to move in such a direction. California has taken the lead with its fuel efficiency laws requiring auto manufacturers to meet escalating mile-per-gallon targets for passenger vehicles through 2025.

The move announced Wednesday afternoon by Gov. Tim Walz, comes as the U.S.S. Environmental Protection Agency and Department of Transportation prepare for weak federal fuel-efficiency standards that were set during the Obama administration and threatened to revoke an exemption that Congress has long given California to set its own, tougher targets.

Walz said it would take about 1

8 months for Minnesota to adopt new emissions standards following public hearings. "It just makes sense," he said in an interview. "It saves money on gas, it increases options and choices, reduces Minnesota's carbon emissions and improves health."

In addition to improving the fuel economy, Walz said he expects standards to reduce the state's total greenhouse gas emissions by 4.5 to 5 % within five years. Those reductions would help Minnesota creep closer to the goals goals it has long failed to meet that were set by bipartisan legislation in 2007.

Court battle underway

It is unclear, however, if Minnesota will ultimately be allowed to adopt the standards as the Trump administration and California wage a court battle over the right of states to set regulations of their own. California – by itself one of the largest car markets in the world – has been allowed to set its own emissions standards since Congress passed the Clean Air Act in 1970. Other states have had the option of adopting either the California rules or those set by the federal regulators until last week, when President Donald Trump announced that his administration would revoke California's authority to set its own standards.

California, along with 23 other states, including Minnesota, sued the administration to keep that authority in place.

"The anticipation is going to win this case, so we need to be prepared for once that happens," Walz said.

The decision drew criticism from state Republican leaders even as Walz was announcing it to reporters.

governor does not get to unilaterally decide how Minnesotans live their lives, ”state House Majority Leader Paul Gazelka, R-Nisswa, said in a statement. “These goals are unrealistic about being adopted or met by everyday Minnesotans.”

But Consumer Reports, an independent product-testing publication, praised by Walz's decision as a “breath of fresh air.”

“This decision is a win for all Minnesota families, and a great example of leadership for other states that have not yet adopted low emission vehicle standards, ”said Shannon Baker-Branstetter, Consumer Reports' manager of cars and energy policy.

Its own final rules to replace the ones set under President Barack Obama but signaled that it might freeze those standards at 2021 levels. If that were to happen, a car manufacturer's fleet of new vehicles would have an average of 30 mpg in real-world driving by 2021. The Obama-era rules would have been gradually raised to an average of 36 mpg by 2025.

Fuel savings

The Trump administration contends that freezing fuel-economy standards will reduce the average sticker price of new vehicles by about $ 2,700. But a study released by Consumer Reports in August found that those savings would be wiped out for the average driver by an extra $ 3,000 in fuel purchases over the life of the vehicle if the standards were frozen at 2021 levels.

Walz said the freeze proposed by the Trump administration would be an unprecedented setback after decades of steady progress on cleaner, more efficient cars. "It just makes absolutely no sense to the consumer," he said. “We continue to be happy when we get better gas mileage. This will simply take us back. ”

If California standards were adopted in Minnesota, the average emissions from new cars in an automaker's fleet would be required to drop by 5% a year through 2025. Emissions from trucks and SUVs would fall by 3.5% a year over the next two years, and then 5% a year from 2021 to 2025.

Hybrids and e-vehicles

Manufacturers would also be required to offer consumers an increasing number of electric or hybrid vehicles with

New standards will help cut Minnesota's greenhouse gas emissions in a sector of the economy that's about to be one of the hardest to cut, said Laura Bishop, commissioner of the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency.

Minnesota lawmakers set a bipartisan goal in 2007 to cut the state's carbon emissions 15% by 2015 and 80% by 2050. The state fell short of the 2015 goal and is well behind meeting future goals, even though emissions from

One major reason is that emissions from cars, SUVs and other vehicles remain virtually flat every year since 2009. By 2025, the new standards will cut vehicle emissions by 10%, Bishop said . “Sufficiently significant and will help us get on track,” she said.

In 2007 and 2008, Minnesota lawmakers considered but approved legislation to adopt California standards. State Rep. Rick Hansen, D-South St. Paul, said he supports the governor's decision to use his rule-making authority instead.

"We have to take action with the climate crisis," said Hansen, chairman of the House environment committee. Walz said

“If you want to drive your pickup, go ahead and drive your pickup,” Walz said. "This has no impact whatsoever on the choices Minnesotans are free to make other than expanding opportunity and to make sure the fleet overall is looking at carbon emission reductions."

This report contains material from the Associated Press.

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