From Monday, all Michigan residents aged 16 and over will be eligible for the COVID-19 vaccine.
But many are skeptical of the coronavirus vaccine, especially since it was developed in record time.
How to find a vaccination meeting against COVID-19 in Michigan
Below is a more detailed look at the vaccine, what we know and what we don̵
Myth: The vaccine will give you COVID-19.
Fact: None of the vaccines used in the United States involve an injection of the virus itself, and it is impossible to get COVID-19 from any of the three vaccines approved by the Food and Drug Administration.
It is true that vaccines have historically produced an immune response by injecting attenuated living cells or dead virus cells into an individual.
But two of the vaccines approved so far – the Pfizer and Moderna shots – use a new revolutionary process. These mRNA vaccines cause our cells to produce a protein that triggers the production of antibodies that protect us from COVID-19 infection.
“So it essentially tricks your body into creating a small part of the virus, and then your body makes antibodies to that small part,” said Dr. Daryl Elmouchi, president of Spectrum Health West Michigan, a division of Spectrum Health at Grand Rapids told MLive in December. “It’s amazing and very different from all the vaccines we’ve used before. In fact, it is far more elegant and makes a lot of sense.
“This is the first time you’ve used your own body machines to make these pieces,” Elmouchi said. “The reason this is so effective is that your body will make a lot of these pieces – and the more exposure to these pieces that are not dangerous to you, the more antibodies you will make. That’s why we get 95% efficiency.
He and others said scientists had been working on the technique for a decade, but it was first used as a vaccine.
The shot of Johnson and Johnson uses a different technique. It also uses a genetic code to stimulate an immune response, but this vaccine delivers it through a common cold virus called adenovirus 26, which is genetically engineered. (The cold virus has been modified so that it cannot catch colds and cannot spread to the body.)
Myth: The vaccine was developed too fast to trust its safety.
Fact: The shortened schedule for developing vaccines includes bureaucratic and production processes, doctors say.
In fact, COVID-19 has gone through the same safety process as other vaccines, and actual use in recent months has confirmed that vaccines are safe and effective.
So why did they manage to develop vaccines so quickly?
For opening devices, scientists developed the genetic code for the virus almost immediately. This was available in February 2020.
Second, the high number of cases of COVID in the summer and fall meant that clinical trials were faster than expected because people in the placebo group became ill faster than expected.
“Remember, the trial must prove that people who get the vaccine are not sick, and people who get a placebo,” Elmouchi told MLive in December. “Well, when you have so many diseases, you can prove it much faster.”
Also, Pfizer, Moderna and Johnson & Johnson are starting production of the vaccine while it is still in the FDA approval, with the understanding that doses will have to be discarded if the vaccine is not approved. This meant that the distribution of vaccines could begin as soon as the FDA approved each of them.
Myth: The vaccine will change your DNA.
Fact: Not true.
“The mRNA in vaccines does not integrate with the body’s DNA, nor does it enter the nucleus. MRNA vaccines cause the body’s cells to produce spiny proteins used by the coronavirus to infect healthy cells, but not the coronavirus itself. That’s what triggers an immune response, training your body to defend itself against the virus, “said a statement from McLaren Flint Hospital.
Myth: Different vaccines differ in effectiveness.
Fact: Clinical trials found 95% efficacy for Pfizer and Moderna vaccines compared to 67% for J&J.
However, experts say this is a comparison between apples and oranges because J&J conducts its clinical trials later than the other two when variants of COVID-19 appear. And among the countries where J&J is testing its vaccine have been South Africa and Brazil, which have particularly problematic options.
In addition, clinical studies have shown that J&J’s shot is comparable to Moderna and Pfizer vaccines in preventing severe cases of coronavirus that could lead to hospitalization or death. The lower rate for J&J is in terms of symptomatic disease, including more frequent mild cases.
The J&J shot has an advantage over the other two, as it is just one shot, which is more convenient for both providers and patients. This also means that people who receive J&J are fully immunized within two weeks compared to the five- or six-week process for the other two vaccines.
Myth: The vaccine has dangerous side effects.
Fact: Vaccines may have some side effects such as headache, fatigue and / or fever, especially after the second dose. But these symptoms usually disappear after 24 hours and are a sign that the vaccine is properly stimulating the immune response.
There are several isolated cases of people with a severe reaction to the vaccine, and these individuals are usually people with a history of severe allergic reactions. People with a history of an immunization reaction should consult their doctor before being vaccinated.
But overall, the health risks of coronavirus infection are “astronomically higher” than those associated with vaccines, said Dr. Liam Sullivan, an infectious disease specialist at Grand Rapids at Spectrum Health.
Think about it: In the past month, there have been 1.3 million Michigan residents who have been vaccinated against about 85,000 who have caught the coronavirus. Currently, 2,600 people hospitalized for COVID-19 and 558 deaths reported since March 1 are due to the latter, not the former.
And even people who are not hospitalized risk a case of “long” COVID. It is estimated that 10% to 30% of patients with coronavirus have long-lasting symptoms that last for weeks or months.
Myth: People who have already had the coronavirus should not be vaccinated.
The presence of COVID-19 does create natural immunity, but experts still do not know exactly how long this natural immunity lasts.
There are many reported cases of people becoming infected with COVID-19 more than once, and this is especially true for the strain variants that are now circulating.
The Federal Centers for Disease Control strongly recommends vaccines for those who have recovered from COVID-19.
Myth: Once you are vaccinated, you do not need a mask.
Fact: It takes some time for the vaccine to work and even after that, there will be times when you will need to continue wearing the mask.
Full immunity occurs about two weeks after the last dose. This is a six-week Moderna shot process, a five-week Pfizer vaccine process and two weeks after a single J&J shot.
Even after you consider yourself fully immunized, realize that the vaccine is about reducing the risk, not eliminating the risk.
This means that your chances of contracting or transmitting COVID are significantly reduced, and even if you become infected, the vaccine significantly reduces your chances of having a serious case. That said, the risk is not zero.
So once you are fully immunized, you can go without a mask if you are with others who have also been vaccinated or are at low risk of serious illness because they are healthy and under the age of 65. However, you should continue to wear a mask when you are in a public place with strangers or at a private event where you do not know the health of everyone in the room.
Myth: The vaccine causes miscarriages and / or infertility.
Fact: There are no studies to show this.
At this time, there is no evidence that vaccines are dangerous for pregnant women. However, safety data are limited and current for this particular population.
One argument for vaccination, especially given the high levels of coronavirus transmission in Michigan now: Pregnant women are at increased risk of severe COVID-19 disease compared to non-pregnant people. This severe illness can lead to intensive care, mechanical ventilation or death. In addition, pregnant women with COVID-19 may be at increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as premature birth, compared to pregnant women without COVID-19, the study shows.
In addition, pregnant or breastfeeding mothers who have been vaccinated against COVID-19 may pass antibodies to their child, according to a recent study published in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology.
The CDC suggests that pregnant women talk to their doctor when considering the pros and cons of vaccination.
Myth: You will need to receive a booster for COVID-19 every year.
Fact: Perhaps. But we still don’t know.
Perhaps the biggest question mark about vaccines: How long will immunity last?
It will take time to say, experts say. Some vaccines offer lifelong immunity, but more often booster shots are needed and people may require regular vaccination against coronavirus.
Booster photos may also be needed to protect yourself from options.
Myth: An individual’s decision to vaccinate does not affect others.
Fact: Vaccinations protect not only the individual but also the people around them. People who choose to stay unvaccinated will still be able to transmit the virus and there is still a chance of infecting a vaccinated friend or family member.
Also, the quickest and most effective way to achieve herd immunity and end a pandemic is to get as many people vaccinated as possible.
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