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Narcissists can be protected from depression and stress, says the study. But at what cost?



"You went into the party / It was as if you were going on a yacht / You have one eye on the mirror / And you watched it spin," Simon sang.

And of course, there's the famous chorus, "I bet you think this song is for you, right?"

A new series of studies from Ireland published on Tuesday seems to emphasize that some degree of narcissism you may find it useful, depending on the context.

People with "grandiose" narcissism – defined in the dictionary as "pompous superiority or pretentiousness" can achieve mental endurance, a form of endurance that can be Protective, said lead author Costas Papageorgiou, assistant professor of psychology at Queen Psychiatry at Psychiatry Belfast.

They gain this mental resilience by overcoming the challenges they face when trying to access the resources they think they deserve. "

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"Our work suggests that at least some aspects of narcissism may help people to be resistant to certain types of psychopathology, namely symptoms of depression and perceived with

"I truly believe that these conclusions should be taken with caution," said licensed clinical psychologist Ramani Durvasula, who treats people with narcissistic personality disorder and has written two books on the subject. [19659002] "Perhaps grandiose narcissists are so good at defending themselves with defenses that this protects them from stress and negative mood states," Durvasula said. "But remember the true victim of narcissism, the horrible way they treat everyone else . "

On personality disorder

We are all somewhat narcissistic – tests using the Narcissistic Personality Inventory, which is rated by a person on a scale of 0 to 40, find most of us rank in the teens. Even if you are ranked higher, it does not necessarily mean that you have to do your own song.

True narcissistic personality disorder or NPD affects about 1% of the population. It is a mental state characterized by an insatiable hunger that is the center of attention.

Diagnosed narcissists often feel justified, expect to be recognized as superior, even if they are not, need constant, excessive admiration and have an inflated sense of self-importance. They can also become stressed or depressed if they are not treated the way they think they deserve.

Narcissists exaggerate their own achievements and talents and may become impatient or angry and throw themselves at others because of difficulty in controlling their emotions and behavior.

A key element of narcissism, experts say, is a lack of empathy – an inability or unwillingness to acknowledge the needs and feelings of others.

"Normal" narcissism

Studies seem to show that narcissism is on the rise in younger people. A 2008 study found that college students in 2006 were 30% more narcissistic than in 1982. Just to be clear, we're not talking about the clinically diagnosed species; instead, what experts call "subclinical" or "normal" narcissism.
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The research that followed turned around and overflowed on the issue. Yet, it wasn't long before the headlines featured self-promoting self-promoting behavior on social media for millennia and quickly dubbed it the "I" generation.

"It's so tempting to throw the whole millennial generation under the bus, but I think there's something risky and unhealthy about it," Durvasula said.

"So, instead of saying narcissistic," she added, "I would say that this is a stage of development where people individually and almost feel their power in the world."

The Millennials themselves agree, that they are more narcissistic than previous generations, according to research. They just don't agree what that means. They see behavior as a sign of "individualism", a trait they value highly.
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Papargardu sees the irony. He cites contradictions in Western culture, which in his view rewards the value of individual achievement but nevertheless labels people who self-advertise as 'socially toxic'.

"People try to adapt, survive and succeed in a social, political and economic environment that fosters 'self-created man or woman' and if they exhibit antagonistic traits like narcissism, they receive negative attention," says Papageorgiou .

According to him, it is time to stop marking personality traits as "favorable or malicious" and begin using these characteristics when appropriate.

"In short, people can cross the bridge of narcissism, for to use "dark" features when facing a challenge, "he said, adding that they can then return to more socially acceptable characteristics when in a safe environment.

Slippery slope?

Durvasula views this perspective as a slippery slope.

"The goal that what he is trying to do is, "Hey, this trait can be protective," she said. "You know, Darwin once said that depression is protective because internal focus can help a person get out of a depressive state, "

" I don't think there is a single contraction out there that would say there is anything to prevent depression. It is horrifying, "she added.

Durvasula points out that the survey in Ireland was conducted on college students and 18- to 32-year-olds employed by Facebook, groups that typically had higher scores on measures of "grandiose" narcissism.

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"And that goes back to what we always knew was this kind of arrogant invincibility of youth, right? You will never get sick and you will never die – you can skateboard down the hill without a helmet mentality, "Durvasula said.

But this is not necessarily narcissism, she adds.

"If a person has the capacity for confidence, self-protection and self-esteem, these qualities can be used in times of stress to domestic depression or other negative effects of stress," she said. "I suppose I struggle with

"People with a healthy self-esteem are not entitled, they do not need validation, they are not arrogant and they are self-reflective," she added.


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