Narcissists may have "grandiose" misconceptions about their own significance and lack of "shame" – but psychologists say they are also likely to be happier than most people.
A continuing study of narcissism by researchers at Queen's University Belfast found that such people may annoy others, but are less likely to be stressed or depressed. the narcissists themselves.
Researchers are trying to understand why narcissism seems to be "growing in modern societies" ̵
They define narcissists as likely to "engage in risky behavior, have an unrealistic superior opinion of themselves, be overconfident, show little empathy for others, and have little shame or guilt."
With such negative qualities, researchers wanted to understand why narcissism seems so visible and often rewarding rather than punished.
Narcissism is one of the "dark traits" identified by psychologists, along with psychopathy, Machiavellianism and sadism. But Dr. Papageorgiou's studies of 700 adults suggest that while it may be bad for society, it seems to be beneficial to the individual.
They may be stepping on others and leaving a trail of emotional damage around them. , but narcissists also seem isolated from feeling bad about themselves.
They have lower levels of stress and are less likely to see life as stressful – with self-confidence and a heightened sense of self-importance that looks like "protective" qualities.
"Concerns with Power"
This follows the previous work of the Belfast team, which shows that narcissists are more likely to succeed in work and in their social lives – with "mental stamina" that helps them overcome rejection or disappointment.
Dr. Papageorgiou also examines how different dimensions of drug addiction Izism can have different emotional results.
These narcissists with strong "grandiose" characteristics may have "status and power concerns" and "an overblown sense of importance," he says.
But "vulnerable" narcissists can be much more protective and tend to view others' behavior as "hostile."
In terms of their own sense of well-being and ability to cope with stress, "grandiose" narcissists probably have "very positive" characteristics, according to Dr. Papageorgiou.
"Although, of course, not all dimensions of narcissism are good, some aspects can produce positive results," he says.
Such psychological traits "should not be seen as good or bad, but as products of evolution and expressions of human nature that may be useful or harmful depending on the context."
to find a way to cultivate some of these traits while discouraging others, "for the collective good."