Without the ability to rewrite the laws of physics, NASA relied on the same principles of space flight that landed the first man on the moon 50 years ago in 1969. The rocket foundations as pioneers were NASA and the Soviet Union during the Cold war involves burning huge amounts of oxidant and fuel to create a thrust up. Unfortunately, aerospace engineer Ella Atkins fears that much has not changed in this department since the end of the space race. Speaking to Express.co.uk, a professor of aerospace engineering at the University of Michigan and a senior fellow at IEEE, explained why ion propulsion is an slowly improving alternative.
Mrs. Atkins says, "As Scotty would say, 'You cannot change the laws of physics.'
"Orbit is orbit, orbit transfer is orbit transfer, and we have to fight gravity the same way we did today 50 years ago.
"All this means that the trajectories we follow are very similar to those we followed 50 years ago, and that's because of physics.
"The major problem with throwing a high-speed mass from the back of a launch vehicle was solved well enough 50 years ago and we have not figured out how to do it much better."
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Ionic propulsion or ionic engines are revolutionary because they use positive ion fluxes to propel a spacecraft forward burn rocket fuel.  As Scotty would say, "You cannot change the laws of physics"
ster will bombard neutral gas like xenon with high-energy electrons to eject separate negative electrons from fuel atoms .
The process creates positively charged ions that mix with negative electrons, creating a plasma with a neutral charge.
Then, applying high voltage through the actuator, the xenon ions are pushed through a metal lattice and fired into space to create thrust.
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Ionic pushers can fire those ions at 90,000 mph they are a potentially powerful form of propulsion.
But the present state of ion propulsion is still far from the technology required for rapid and efficient space exploration.
Ion propulsion is currently being used on satellites and small spacecraft to help them stay in proper orbit.
But according to Ms. Atkins, they are slowly improving their development of incredible technology.
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She said: "We have an electric propulsion or ion propulsion that allows us – and we are gradually improving in this – to produce burns to be transmitted with a small magnitude boost between orbits, transfer between planets or between heliocentric orbits and orbit around another body.
"But we cannot generate the amount of thrust because we do not eject so many particles from the back of a spacecraft when using ion propulsion.
"So this means that we will not launch a large payload or any payload from the Earth's surface. It does not provide enough traction.
"So we are still left with the same kind of chemical propulsion systems, whether solid or liquid, as we had long ago."
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In 2017, NASA announced its involvement in the development of two ion thrusters: NASA Evolutionary Xenon Thruster (NEXT) and Annular Engine.
The Space Agency said the technology would help reduce mission costs and more importantly, reduce space travel time.
The same year in October, researchers at the University of Michigan discovered the X3 ion quake developed for NASA.
The University claims that low power, xenon and a kryptonite pusher can reach speeds of up to 25 miles per second or 40 km per second.
A Brief History of NASA Space Missiles and Technology:
1950s – The launch of Soviet Sputnik in 1957 pushed America to focus on the application of "space exploration."
1954 – The American Rocket Laboratory launches its first liquid hydrogen-oxygen engine on November 23.
1954 – Neil Armstrong begins work as a pilot test of the National Aeronautical Advisory Committee (NACA) – soon to become the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).
1957 – The first hydrogen aircraft performs a successful flight.
1960s – Mercury, Gemini and Apollo space programs race the Soviet Union to the moon.
1969 – The Saturn V rocket carries three Apollo 11 astronauts to the moon on July 16, 1969.
1981 – The first space shuttle is launched into orbit.
1998 – A deep space probe carrying the NSTAR ion beam was launched on October 24th.