Koch first pulled out of the ISS with a red tie attached to her suit.
Meir soon followed, carrying a tool bag, until, at 7:49 a.m., he pulled out of the hatch planned for 5 1/2 hours. , but crews successfully completed their primary mission and the mission was extended to more than seven hours for astronauts to complete some additional tasks.
The historic swim outside the orbital laboratory in a vacuum of space came several months after another space path for all women was canceled, as NASA did not have enough space suits in the right size. And that was heralded as a huge leap forward for the agency at a time when NASA is continuing to work to highlight women's contributions.
At a media briefing ahead of the spacewalk, NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstein said the agency would upgrade the astronauts "efforts and send the" next man and first woman "to the moon by 2024. The space flight on Friday is another important point to secure
At the Space Operations Center at the NASA Headquarters, Bridenstein observed the start of the space trip on Friday with space station executives and several members of Congress and noted that 1
"And 14 have been Americans ever since," he said. "So we are leading the way to this."
Koch, who is scheduled to spend 328 days aboard the station – the longest ever
"In the past, women were not always on the table," she said in an interview with NPR from the space station. "It's great to be a contributor to the human space flight program at a time when all contributions are accepted, when everyone plays a role and this can lead to a great chance of success. "
Meir said in the space path" shows all the work done decades ago – all the women who worked to bring us to where we are today. The good thing about us is that we don't even think about it on a daily basis. This is just normal. We are part of the team. ,,, It's really nice to see where we've come. "
Ken Bowersoks, acting associate administrator for NASA's Human Research and Operations Office, said in a teleconference on Friday that he hoped two women completing space paths would become routine one day. He noted that the physical characteristics of women have made it difficult in the past to make space paths because of the design of space suits. The suits themselves weigh 280 pounds on earth, but nothing in space, according to NASA.
"There are some physical causes that sometimes make it difficult for women to make space paths," he said. "It's a little bit like playing in the NBA. You know, I'm too short to play in the NBA. And sometimes physical characteristics make a difference in certain activities. And space trails are one of those areas where just how your body is shaped, it makes a difference in how well you can work with a suit. "
But since different types of humans have entered space, NASA has adjusted its costumes," Bowersox said. Bridenstein quickly added that the agency is "really focused on making sure space suits are accessible to everyone." He said that because women look better in microgravity in some ways, their eyesight doesn't suffer so much, as much as men – that makes them "better in space flight than men."
Former adviser to former President Barack Obama, Valerie Jarrett, touted that "little girls growing up today, this historic event is completely normal."
Both Koch and Meir were selected as part of the NASA Astronaut Class of 2013, the first of an equal number of men and women. But women remain a huge minority among NASA's leaders and the industry at large. According to a study conducted by the agency, women make up about a third of NASA's workforce, 28 percent of its senior management and 16 percent of senior scientists.
Bridenstein stated that attracting more women to the agency was a top priority. "We have made significant progress in this area and have been for several years," he said. "But we're not done. There is much more to do. "He said that events such as the Space Passage on Friday are" what inspires tomorrow's astronauts, and we want tomorrow's astronauts to represent all of America. "They are physically taxing and mentally difficult, astronauts said – like taking an exam while running a marathon.
Before becoming an astronaut, Koch, 40, was an electrical engineer at NASA's Godard Space Flight Center, where worked on scientific instruments used in the study of cosmology and astrophysics. Later she became a research associate in the US Antarctic Program, which included a stay at the South Pole.
Meir, a scientist, holds a PhD in marine biology, having previously worked at Lockheed Martin, supporting research in human physiology and participating in NASA research flights on low-gravity aircraft, as well as in underwater habitat. She has also studied animal physiology in extreme environments.
NASA hoped to make a space path for all women in March. But it was canceled after astronaut Anne McClain discovered that the suit she was supposed to wear was not a good fit. Instead, astronaut Nick Hague went in her place.
There were no such hiccups on Friday as the space walk began.
President Donald Trump congratulated Koch and Meir on telecommunications this afternoon: "You represent this country so well. Our country is very proud of you, "he said with Vice President Mike Pence on the right and daughter Ivanka on the left.
" First on the moon and then we go to Mars, "he said.
Photos: NASA all-female spacewalk makes History
Oct 18, 2019 | Astronauts Andrew Morgan, Christina Koch, and Jessica Meir prepare for space launch at International Space Station The world's first female space travel team to make history high above Earth on Friday, floating from space station to repair a broken part of the power grid The first half-century of space travel, a woman has sailed without a male crew. (AP)