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NASA wants to land astronauts on Mars by 2033



The space agency aims to send astronauts to Mars by 2033, NASA administrator Jim Bridenstine said at a Tuesday congressional hearing.

"We can move up the Mars landing by moving up the moon landing (to 2024)," Bridenstine told the House Committee on Science, Space and Technology. "The moon is the best place to prove those capabilities and technologies." The sooner we can achieve that objective, the sooner we can move on to Mars. "

The original return to the moon was scheduled for 2028, and it's unclear if NASA will be able to meet the new deadline. The racket that Boeing is building for the moon mission – called Space Launch System or SLS – has experienced delays.
 What's the weather on Mars? InSight can tell you every day
 NASA administrator Jim Bridenstine, a former Republican congressman, is following President Donald Trump's orders to accelerate the US &

Vice President Mike Pence said at a meeting of the National Space Council last month that the White House aims for NASA to send a message to the NASA for the first time since 1972. put the astronauts back on the moon by 2024. That would be Trump's last year in office if he's re-elected

"Some would say it's too hard, it's too risky, it's too expensive. 1962, "Pence said last month."

Bridenstine said on Tuesday that it's "Important for this country to focus on finding life" on other planets

A mission to Mars would take at least two years

A round-trip voyage to the Red Planet would last at least two years, Bridenstine said.

Depending on their orbits, Mars is at least 33 million miles from Earth. By the contrast, the moon is about 239,000 miles – a few days' journey – from our planet.

Earth and Mars are on the same side of the Sun about every 26 months, and these are the best windows to depart, NASA spokeswoman Cheryl Warner said. Traveling to Mars would take six to nine months, depending on when the crew leaves.

The quickest way to get to Mars is through the Hohmann Transfer orbit, which requires the least energy and is considered the most efficient.

NASA robots have been on Mars for decades

 After 15 years, the Mars Opportunity rover's mission has ended

To date, the US and the Soviet Union are the only countries to have successfully landed a spacecraft on the Red Planet

The US has landed eight spacecraft on Mars, including the beloved Opportunity rover, which ended a 15-year mission earlier this year.
Most recently, NASA's InSight landed on Mars in November 2018. InSight traveled 301,223,981 miles through space to explore the Mars' deep inside, which we know the least about.

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