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NASA's Artemis Moon program attracts more nations as potential partners, the agency claims



WASHINGTON – There are so many countries that want to join NASA's pressure on the moon that a coalition of 15 states from the International Space Station may have even more a company for the nascent Lutev Artemis Project according to the agency.

In a press conference Thursday (October 24th), NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstein said that at least 26 nations have already met with him here at the International Astronautical Congress to discuss Artemis' lunar program and participation opportunities. How it can still be included should all be discussed. But NASA is likely to work quickly through agreements, as the agency has the task of landing people on the moon in 2024 .

International Space Station Partnerships have three levels of governance, according to the European Space Agency . Chief among them is an intergovernmental agreement between 1

5 countries. This treaty was signed in January 1998, long before the rise of private companies in space – and long before some countries became actively involved in space activities. How to accommodate all these new players is a big unknown, but NASA is discussing it with stakeholders, Bridenstein said.

Related: Will Private Companies Beat NASA to the Moon?

The NASA Administrator noted that the agency already has 700 agreements with different space exploration countries. But he did not specify how they could be used for Artemis, probably because the program is still so new.

"The goal is for many different nations to live and work on the moon at the same time as a coalition," Bridestine said during a press conference, where journalists and interested viewers were also crowded in the middle of the exhibition floor. "When we look at the contribution of our international partners to this operation, you can imagine that there are many countries that will join the strategy."

Private companies are already involved in the Artemis strategy, Bridenstein added, through NASA's NASA Commercial Lunar Program (CLPS). The Agency has identified nine companies that are eligible for future contracts; two are scheduled to deliver payloads to the moon in 2021. NASA added more CLPS capabilities in August . "We are constantly developing small businesses," Bridenstein says.

Another forthcoming change in international partnerships will happen soon at the space station when commercial crews have to fly later this year or early next with astronauts on board. NASA is buying Union space for its astronauts after the space shuttle program retired in 2011. Bridenstein told reporters that the agency has not yet begun negotiations for more Union space for astronauts but expecting one or two seats

The administrator added that even after commercial crews enter service, American astronauts would still make an occasional flight to the Union and the cosmonauts of Roscosmos (Russian Federal Space Agency) to be part of the commercial rupees for the crew. "We need a sales crew to be successful and we want the relationship between NASA and Roscosmos to be strong," he explained.

Additional seats are accumulated due to long delays in the crew program caused by technical and programmatic challenges. In September 2014, NASA released $ 2.6 billion to SpaceX and $ 4.2 billion to Boeing spacecraft (also called Crew Dragon and CST-100 Starliner respectively) for astronauts. At the time, NASA wanted the vehicles ready to fly by 2017.

NASA has not published any deadlines lately, citing a change of direction in the human research department. Bridenstein appointed a new associate administrator, Douglas Loverro on October 16 (Bill Gerstenmeyer, who held the office for a decade, was reappointed this summer.)

Earlier this month, SpaceX CEO Ellen Muhn told CNN that Crew Dragon can fly astronauts in three to four months . Bridenstein disagreed with that timeline and said he expects NASA to buy more Union space in 2020 for $ 85 million in cash, CNN reported.

Follow Elizabeth Howell on Twitter @howellspace . Follow us on Twitter @Spacedotcom and on Facebook .


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