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Home https://server7.kproxy.com/servlet/redirect.srv/sruj/smyrwpoii/p2/ Health https://server7.kproxy.com/servlet/redirect.srv/sruj/smyrwpoii/p2/ Nearly half of US adults have cardiovascular disease, study says

Nearly half of US adults have cardiovascular disease, study says



And after decades of decline, deaths from cardiovascular disease are on the rise again, with 840,678 deaths recorded in 2016, up from 836,546 in 2015, according to the association's annual report Heart and Stroke Statistics, published Thursday in the medical journal Circulation

"The cardiovascular disease produces immense health and economic burdens in the United States and globally," the authors write.

The 48% prevalence of cardiovascular disease – nearly 121.5 million adults – is a significant uptick over the rate cited last year, although this was mainly driven by the way high blood pressure is defined. Hypertension guidelines were updated so that people whose blood pressure is 1

30/80 or above are now considered "hypertensive"; previously, the definition was 140/90

Excluding high blood pressure, the prevalence of cardiovascular disease among US adults is 9% overall, and decline from 11.5% in 2015.

David Zhao, Head of Cardiology Medicine and Executive Director of the Heart and Vascular Center at Wake Forest Baptist Health in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, described the new report as a "painful reminder" that heart disease is still the No. 1 disease.

"Overall, we have made a lot of progress," said Zhao, who was not involved in the report. Still, "we have not yet made significant advances in obesity, diabetes, and unhealthy behavior," which includes smoking, not exercising, poor diet and being overweight. About 8 of every 10 cases of cardiovascular disease can be prevented by controlling high blood pressure, diabetes and high cholesterol and maintaining a healthy lifestyle, according to the heart association

The scorecard also shows some terrific gains. Self-reported inactivity among adults has been declining since 1998, with the trend escalating in recent years. Passivity plummeted from 40.1% to 26.9% between 2007 and 2016, the report shows.

 How barbershops could help lower blood pressure

How the barbershops could help lower blood pressure of men and 34% of females were smoked in 1965, compared with only 16.7% of males and 13.6% of females in 2015.

The new report includes a new recommendation that adults get at least seven hours of sleep per night to promote optimal health. One recent study found that too much or too little – more than eight hours or less than seven hours per night – has been linked to a greater risk of death from all causes

"We really have to work harder to reduce all the risk factors in order to reduce rates of cardiovascular disease, "Zhao said, highlighting obesity. Nearly 4 out of 10 US adults and almost 1 out of 5 youths are obese, while 7.7% of adults and 5.6% of youth are severely affected, report finds.

Additionally, not all groups have made equal strides in quitting or never smoking cigarettes. ” data-src-mini=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/140808115120-treadmill-gym-hp-video.jpg” data-src-xsmall=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/140808115120-treadmill-gym-story-body.jpg” data-src-small=”http://cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/140808115120-treadmill-gym-story-top.jpg” data-src-medium=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/140808115120-treadmill-gym-horizontal-large-gallery.jpg” data-src-large=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/140808115120-treadmill-gym-horizontal-large-gallery.jpg” data-src-full16x9=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/140808115120-treadmill-gym-horizontal-large-gallery.jpg” data-src-mini1x1=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/140808115120-treadmill-gym-topics.jpg” data-demand-load=”not-loaded” data-eq-pts=”mini: 0, xsmall: 221, small: 308, medium: 461, large: 781″ src=”data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhEAAJAJEAAAAAAP///////wAAACH5BAEAAAIALAAAAAAQAAkAAAIKlI+py+0Po5yUFQA7″/>

"Substantially higher prevalence rates of tobacco use are observed in American Indian / Alaska Natives and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender populations, as well as among individuals with low socio-economic status, those with mental illness, medical care, and those who are active-duty military, "the report notes. "Over the past 6 years, there has been a sharp increase in e-cigarette use among adolescents."

Overall, Zhao believes that "lots of work still needs to be done."

We may be seeing downward trajectory in some risk factors and cardiovascular disease itself, "but we're not there yet," he said. "That's something we all need to start thinking about: What can we do together to really improve our health, our healthy behavior, and reduce our weight?"


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