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Home https://server7.kproxy.com/servlet/redirect.srv/sruj/smyrwpoii/p2/ Health https://server7.kproxy.com/servlet/redirect.srv/sruj/smyrwpoii/p2/ New York requires vaccination against measles. Can officials do that?

New York requires vaccination against measles. Can officials do that?



Facing expanding the measles outbreak, New York Mayor Bill de Blazio announced an emergency on public health on Tuesday and ordered a mandatory vaccination program in parts of Brooklyn.

Such a health order is rare, but not unheard of in American history, medical experts said. This has happened several times.

The Supreme Court ruled more than a century ago that compulsory vaccination was legal, although the court made a distinction between the punishment of citizens for refusal and actual vaccination by force.

However, both tactics have been imposed over the past 1

20 years-as early as a 1900-year-old plague outbreak in San Francisco, and recently as an outbreak of measles in Philadelphia in 1991

A case in the area, according to Daniel A. Salmon, Director of the Vaccine Safety Institute at Bloomberg School of Public Health Johns Hopkins, is the decision of the 1905 Supreme Court at Jacobson against Massachusetts.

the court confirmed the power of states to impose forced vaccination on the grounds that when the danger rises, the freedom of the individual may be subordinate to the common good.

The applicant, Henning Jacobson, was in Cambridge, Massachusetts, a pastor who had been vaccinated against smallpox as a child in Sweden and claimed to have caused him life-long suffering.

He also claims that vaccination is an "invasion of his freedom" under the 14th Amendment. During a smallpox outbreak, he refused to be vaccinated or his son was vaccinated and fined $ 5.

Massachusetts was then one of the 11 countries with mandatory vaccination laws, but did not allow vaccination with force. By voting "from 7 to 2" the court left the case and said that the prison could also be imposed.

But Judge John Harlan wrote for the majority that people can not be forced to be vaccinated.

Paul was used in Philadelphia in 1991, says Dr. Paul A. Oft, director of the Vaccination Center at Philadelphia Children's Hospital.

The outbreak of measles this year has infected over 1,400 people and killed several children. It began in two fundamentalist churches that rejected modern medicine and practiced healing of faith.

Vaccination for smallpox became obligatory in some parts of Europe as early as 1806, but the first attempted forced vaccination in that country occurred. The city almost broke into riots, says Dr. Howard Markell, director of the Center for the History of Medicine at Michigan University. the entire neighborhood was surrounded by the police on March 7, 1900, less than 24 hours after local health officials concluded that a wood dealer found dead in a basement in a bed in a boarding house died of plague. [19659002ChumatatogavaebilaobichaynavKitayiprez1899gedostignalaChaynataunnaHonolulu"Kontroliranizgaryane"nanyakolkozarazenischumikashtiporachaniotgradskiyasavetpozdraveopazvaneizlezeotkontroliizgori4000kashtiostavyaykihilyadibezdomni[19659002] anti-China bias grows in California, and the Chinese were terrified that what happened in Hawaii, will be repeated.

Quarantine in San Francisco was lifted on March 9, partly because employers needed their workers. Health inspectors and police began to search the community for the sick, fighting all those who resisted. and the Japanese to leave the city, disinfect all their homes – and vaccinate them with an experimental plague vaccine.

There is almost always a reaction.

In the United Kingdom, the 1853 Vaccination Act encouraged the creation of an anti-vaccination movement, and in the United States America's Vaccine League was founded three years after Jacobson's decision against Massachusetts


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