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Oci Icecream: The Frost Moss Offers New Clues for the Mummy's Last Travel of 5300 Years

The latest study, published Wednesday in Plos One magazine, examines "subfossils" of vegetation pieces that have frozen on or about the 5,300-year-old mummy known as Ozzy the Iceman.

Frosty's body was frozen in ice until it was discovered by a pair traveling the northern Italian Alps in 1991. Since then, almost every part of it has been analyzed – from what it may sound, to its contents in the stomach and how Has passed away. For the past 25 years, his mummified body has been a window into early human history, giving a glimpse of what life was like in the Alpine region during the Copper Age.

This new study provides clues about the Otsi route to the glacier. Researchers from the University of Glasgow and the University of Innsbruck have found at least 75 species of bryophytes, non-vascular plants such as mosses and liverworms that have been preserved in ice with Otzi. Of these, only 30% are believed to be local to the area ̵

1; meaning the rest were transported to the scene of his death elsewhere.

Researchers believe that these indigenous plants could have been transferred to Ozi's clothes, or perhaps from fertilizer from large herbivores such as Alpine Ibex, a wild goat species.

"They were recovered as mostly small pieces of ice around him, his clothes and gear and even his digestive tract," said Jim Dixon, one of the main authors of the study, in a press release at the University of Glasgow.

"These findings raised the questions: Where did the fragments come from? How exactly did they get there? How do they help our understanding of the Iceman? "

Some of these alien species have been identified as mosses that exist today in the lower Schnallstal valley in the Italian province of South Tyrol – suggesting that Otsi traveled down the valley as he climbed up the glacier to his last resting place. .

  What a mummy at 5300 years old wore on his grave

significantly. Flat Necca, which grows in low altitude forests, is found on Ozi's clothes and inside his gut. The discovery is "the closest possible proof that the ice man is climbing from south to north up Schnallstal instead of climbing other neighboring valleys," says Dixon.

These findings confirm a 2007 study that examined the content of pollen in the Eye of the Eye to reconstruct its route. The study concluded that in his last 33 hours, Ozi had traveled from low-lying areas with "heat trees" to 3,000-meter-high areas.

Researchers over the years have come up with a "disaster" theory about his death: in this scenario Ozi may have returned to his home village of the Alps, only to be confronted with some conflict that forces him to flee back to the mountains where he died.

Here's what we know about Otzi

Since 1998, Otzi and his artifacts have been exhibited at the Museum of Archeology of South Tyrol in Bolzano, Italy. The glacier was named Oci because it was found in the Alps of Otal in South Tyrol.

Otsi lived between 3100 and 3370 BC He was 5 feet 2 inches (1.57 meters) tall and had a light muscular build of 110 pounds (50 kg), a narrow and pointed face, tanned and tattooed skin, brown eyes, long dark hair and bearded hair. His blood type was O-positive and he had lactose intolerance.

He died when he was 46 – which at the time was considered old.

Otsi crossed the Tissenioch Pass in the Val Senales Valley when he was shot in the back with an arrow by a southern alpine shooter and was naturally preserved in the ice. The arrow was still embedded in his left arm and was discovered only in 2001. He would have escaped and died shortly after he was shot because the arrow had penetrated a vital artery. There is also a wound to the back of his head, but it may have happened when he fell after being struck by an arrow.

A right-handed cut that shows melee never had a chance to heal before he died. This means that the conflict happened before he was shot, perhaps hours or days before, and may have led to the second clash that killed him.

The wound to his right arm would have made it difficult for Otsi to prepare his weapons for another attack. This is most likely why the bow and arrows found with it are incomplete: to replace those that were lost or damaged in the previous fight.

He was also found with a valuable copper ax, which could function as a weapon and instrument, as well as a status symbol.

His clothing is made of leather, leather, woven grass and animal tendons that would keep him warm in the cold and wet climate.

Ashley Strickland and Madison of CNN Park contributed to the reporting.

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