One-third of the nearly 700 million under-5s in the world are malnourished or overweight and face lifelong health problems, according to a grim assessment by the United Nations on Childhood Nutrition published in Tuesday.
"If children eat poorly, they live poorly," said UNICEF Executive Director Henrietta Fora when she presented the first report of the 1999 Children's Condition Foundation since 1999 to focus on food and nutrition.
"Losing a position in the fight for healthy diets",
The problems that once existed in opposite corners of the wealth spectrum are now being converted to poor and middle income, the report shows.
19 million Yemeni children suffer from malnutrition and disease
Overall, malnutrition costs to the global economy are estimated at $ 3.5 trillion annually.
Despite the nearly 40% drop in breathlessness in the poor countries from 1990 to 2015, today 149 million children aged four or more are today still too short for their age, a clinical condition that is detrimental to both development the brain and the body.
In a war-torn Yemen, for example, 46 percent of all preschoolers are stunned based on data from 2013 to 2018.  Yemen was attacked by a coalition led by Saudi Arabia in March. In 2015, the UN identified the situation in the country as the worst humanitarian crisis in the world.
Meanwhile, another 50 million children worldwide are affected by loss, chronic and debilitating subtlety, also resulting from poverty.
At the same time, half the world's young people under five are not given essential vitamins and minerals, a long-standing problem that UNICEF has called "hidden hunger." : overweight.
. – malnutrition, lack of essential trace elements, obesity – is increasingly found in the same country, sometimes in the same neighborhood and often in the same household, "Victor Aguayo, head of UNICEF's nutrition program, told AFP.  "A mother who is overweight or obese may have children who are suffocated or drunk yani. " In all age groups, more than 800 million people worldwide are perpetually hungry, and the other two billion are eating too much of the wrong foods, driving obesity, heart disease and diabetes.
In contrast, the report states that Japan has the lowest infant mortality rates, while obesity rates for children aged five to 19 are 14.42 percent, which is among the lowest in developed countries.
Experts credit the school lunch program in Japan and overall healthy diet for its high re
Among children under five, diet for the first 1000 days after conception is the basis of physical health and mental development, the report says.
Only two children in five are children.
Sales of formula milk bottles have increased by 40 percent globally and in upper middle income countries such as Brazil, China and Turkey by nearly three quarters.
The lack of vitamins and minerals, meanwhile, can lead to compromised immune systems, poor eyesight and hearing defects.
Lack of iron can cause anemia and decreased IQ.
"It's 'hidden' because you don't make it notice the impact until it's too late," Brian Keeley, editor-in-chief, told AFP news agency.
However, the increase in obesity is obvious.  The problem was virtually non-existent in poor countries 30 years ago, but today at least 10 percent of under-fives are overweight or obese in three quarters of low-income countries.
"You have to focus on obesity before it's too late," Keely said. "Unless you deal with it preventively, you will struggle to correct it later."
UNICEF said the United States exceeds obesity rates for children aged five to 19 by 41.86 percent, Italy by 36.87 percent and France by 30.09 percent, Japan has the lowest percentage in this category – 14 , 42 percent.
Climate change factor
Progress in combating malnutrition will also be hampered by climate change, the report warns.
One Degree Celsius of Late Warming- In the 19th century droughts increased, causing more than 80 percent of agricultural damage and losses.
The average temperature of the Earth's surface is set to rise another two or three degrees by 2100.
Meanwhile, studies at Harvard University scientists have shown that increased levels of CO2 in the air are absorbed by basic food crops nutrients and vitamins, including zinc, iron and vitamin B. "
" The impact of climate change completely transforms the food that is available and which can be consumed, "Aguayo said.
The confidence that every child has access to healthy oslovna diet must become a "political priority", if you need to conquer widespread malnutrition, especially in ng countries, the report said.