The team began by establishing the limits for lengths and angles that must be met for the production of a cutting model, and then used a digital optimization approach to determine the common patterns (such as their orientation, number and size) ). Hence the use of mechanical analysis to control the path of implementation and its stability. Researchers have developed 2D and 3D models to test whether the method works.
The result is quite as you can imagine, but it could also be very practical once put into use. You can produce clothing, vehicle surfaces, or other items using only a sheet. This might not always work because of the nature of the kirigami (you don't really want a poncho full of holes), but this is just the beginning. The Harvard group hopes to bring origami into the mix, which will allow even more complex objects that will only need the right algorithm to come to life.