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Parents protested against forced vaccinations 150 years ago. Some are still angry



Forward to 2019, and the campaign against vaccination is a global, multi-layered animal – driven by security concerns, religious and political beliefs, preferences for homeopathic approaches, and widespread disinformation.

But one issue that has been sustained for about 150 years is not just vaccination but vaccination. Today, growing populism in Europe and the United States is part of a new wave of anti-vaccine distrust in the enterprise, experts say.

But the anti-vaccines of that time also joined the libertarians who believed that mandatory vaccinations violated their personal freedoms.

Today anti-government sentiment "continues to be a thread in the anti-vaccine movement ̵

1; especially in the era of mistrust towards the government," Professor Heidi Larson, director of the vaccine trust project. at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, CNN reported.

  Measles have risen globally due to gaps in vaccine coverage, health agencies say.
The allegations have since been debunked and Lancelot withdrew an article twelve years later – his editor called him "totally untrue." But the consequences have already shaken previous vaccination communities on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean.

In the United States, the anti-vaccination revival was augmented by actors Jim Carrey and Jenny McCarthy, who thought vaccines might have contributed to the autism of McCarthy's son – and celebrities such as real estate tycoon and television star , Donald Trump.

In 2012, Trump, weighed for Twitter vaccines, saying: "Massive combination vaccines for young children are a cause of a major increase in autism …."
  White House Wife Director Wife of the Director of Communication at the White House insists on false anti-vaccination claims ” class=”media__image” src=”http://cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/180711152944-darla-shine-kfile-large-169.jpg”/>

Despite numerous scientific studies, who concluded that there was no connection between vaccines and autism, Trump wrote two months shorter A: "Autism goes through the roof – why the Obama administration can not do anything about autism caused by a doctor."
Since moving to the White House, President Trump largely kept silent about the vaccines. But this week, Darla Sheeh, White House's White House Communications Director's wife, claimed false anti-vaccination claims on Twitter. Her tweets came as a mass outbreak outbreak, mostly affecting children who have not received any vaccines against the disease swept over the Washington state. More than 100 cases of measles have been diagnosed this year in 10 US countries, according to US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

A report published by the CDC in October showed that while coverage for a number of vaccines 'remains high and stable overall', the segment of unvaccinated children under 2 years of age increased from 0.9% for those born in 2011 to 1.3% for those born in 2011. In 2015, only 0.3% of children between 19 and 35 months did not receive vaccine doses

This rise in unvaccinated children was observed globally through data from global outbreaks of measles over the past year, according to the WHO.

Early numbers of measles cases reported to the WHO headquarters in 183 countries show a near 50% increase in the middle of January 2019 compared to that date in 2018

While developing countries and conflict-affected countries often lack access to the vaccine, the problem in rich, developed countries may be related to the spread of disinformation about the vaccine, experts say.
  Officials hope to change their minds among the delicately contagious " eruption of measles
  Anti-vaxxer titles are at home at Trumpworld

Arguments that are not based on facts and that are frankly destructive to public health, "said Kari, noting that social media has critically allowed the spread of anti-vaccination rhetoric in countries where the history of vaccine confidence is high.

"The challenges we see are that we do not have well-prepared measures to counter this threat and we see this as a major problem," he added.

In the paper for 2017, which outlines the anti-vaccination movement on Facebook, Australian researchers Naomi Smith and Tim Graham found that today's anti-vaccine discourse in Facebook centered around "moral indignation and structural oppression on the part of the institutional government and media, which implies a strong logic of "beliefs and conspiracy-style thinking."

In these Facebook groups, the boundaries between political rhetoric and health problems are often blurred. And while many of these networks may feel like a small, cohesive community, they are not immune to foreign interference. Why the Russian Trolls Sparked Debate in the US Vaccine ” data-src-mini=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/180823160524-20180823-russia-troll-vaccines-flag-small-169.jpg” data-src-xsmall=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/180823160524-20180823-russia-troll-vaccines-flag-medium-plus-169.jpg” data-src-small=”http://cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/180823160524-20180823-russia-troll-vaccines-flag-large-169.jpg” data-src-medium=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/180823160524-20180823-russia-troll-vaccines-flag-exlarge-169.jpg” data-src-large=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/180823160524-20180823-russia-troll-vaccines-flag-super-169.jpg” data-src-full16x9=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/180823160524-20180823-russia-troll-vaccines-flag-full-169.jpg” data-src-mini1x1=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/180823160524-20180823-russia-troll-vaccines-flag-small-11.jpg” data-demand-load=”not-loaded” data-eq-pts=”mini: 0, xsmall: 221, small: 308, medium: 461, large: 781″ src=”data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhEAAJAJEAAAAAAP///////wAAACH5BAEAAAIALAAAAAAQAAkAAAIKlI+py+0Po5yUFQA7″/>

In August the past study published in the American Journal for public health, suggests Twitter accounts that are masked as legitimate consumers appear to be run by automated bots and Russian trolls involved in online vaccine debates. Bots and trolls have spread reports of pro- and anti-vaccination messages between 2014 and 2017 with messages trying to link vaccination issues to other hot topics in American discourse, according to the study. "One of the things in them, which was odd, was that they tried – or seemed to try – to link vaccines to the problems in American discourse, such as racial differences or class differences that are not traditionally related to vaccination, "said David Broodtowski, assistant professor at the George Washington University School of Engineering and Applied Sciences. The critics are now calling on technology companies such as Facebook, YouTube and Google to take greater responsibility for the public health breakdowns on their platforms, arguing that social media can not deliberately ignore the assumption of significant responsibility for the content of their sites.

  The teenager is vaccinated despite his parents. Concern: "I did it for the safety and safety of others"
Last month YouTube, the Google-owned company, said it would start reducing its recommendations for "borderline content" and videos that could misinform users in "harmful ways".

While technology companies are increasingly trying to accept some of these groups, some people most affected by the anti-vaccination movement are turning to social media for help.

A teenager from Ohio, Ethan Lindenberger, grew up thinking he was not vaccinated normally by publishing in a popular publication in Reddit last November that "my parents think vaccines are some kind of government scheme." this week he told CNN that he wanted to protect others from illnesses as much as he did.

When he turns 18, Lindenberger turns to Reddit to get information on how to get vaccinated. Once vaccinated, his next goal is to change his parents' minds for his younger siblings.

"It's obviously scared a little bit, but I'll try to do my best to convince my parents that [CNN]

CNN's Gianluca Metzofiore contributed to this report.
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