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Pence urges NASA to land astronauts on Moon within five years – Spaceflight Now



Vice President Mike Pens speaks at Johnson Space Center at NASA in 2017. Author: NASA President / Robert Markowitz Mike Pens said on Tuesday that NASA should land astronauts near the south pole of the moon within five years all necessary means "for a" new urgency "in the US space program, and a warning for the strengthened aerospace sector contractors to better perform the schedule and costs or lose the job of other companies.

"This is the stated policy of this administration and the US of America to bring the American astronauts back to the moon in the next five years," Pens said. "The first woman and the next man on the Moon will be American astronauts released by US missiles of American land."

NASA and the Trump administration were previously intended to land astronauts on the Moon by 2028. The presiding board will send recommendations to President Trump on NASA's "Core Course Correction".

"To do that, we have to redouble our efforts," Pens said.

During his statement Tuesday at the US Space and Missile Space Center in Huntsville, Alabama, near NASA's Space Air Center, Pens highlighted the problematic launch system for spacecraft – a heavy-duty rocket that would launch crews into deep space – as an example of a program "tormented by bureaucratic inertia"

The development of the Space Launch System is run in Marshall, home to NASA's main 1930s rocket propulsion programs. The first missile flight is likely to be postponed until 2021, the last one in a series of schedule schedules since the launching device was launched in 2011. At that time, officials said SLS would be ready to open in 2017

NASA Administrator Jim Brindstedin said on March 13 he ordered engineers to investigate if NASA's Orion crew's capsule that the SLA intends to launch could instead fly around the moon on an unmanned test flight using a pair of heavy-duty carrier missiles cars to catch up Orion at the National Space Council meeting – following Penn's remarks – Bridental said he accepted the challenge of the Trump administration to land astronauts on the moon by 2024

Our agency, NASA, will do everything in my power to fulfill this vision to meet this deadline, and you are fully committed to achieving it, "said Brindstedin during the Tu.

In a written statement published later Tuesday, that NASA will take action through the next days and weeks to reach the goal of the moon landing.

"I have already made a new arrangement at NASA to ensure we effectively support these efforts, which includes the creation of a new mission directorate that focuses on formulating and implementing R & D activities," he said in his statement Brixton. "We call it the Mission of Mars Directorate

This illustration shows the components of the Space 1 Star System Configuration System, which is the version planned to fly on the first mission of the missile, designated as Mission 1. : NASA

Brixtinna said NASA's commercial marketing capabilities, which will probably include a combination of SpaceX and the United Launch Alliance, show that in the future there is a possibility to use commercial boosters for deep space missions, but that Space Starter the state system provides the safest way to achieve a lunar landing by 2024

"If we want to achieve 2024, we need SLS," said Bridental.

But in his speech Pens warned NASA and contractors did not have to "We have to speed up the SLS program to achieve this goal, but know that the president has ordered NASA and the administrator Jim Bridgetyn to achieve this goal for all purposes."

means it is necessary, "said Pens. "To succeed … we need to focus on the mission on the means. You have to consider every available option and platform to achieve our goals, including the industry, the government and the entire US space enterprise. Our administration is committed to this goal. "

Pens continued to express his commitment to the Marshall Space Flight Center, a facility that was once led by the German-American rocket scientist Werner von Braun, the chief architect of the Saturn 5 rocket.

to be aware, we are not involved with any single contractor. If our current performers can not achieve this goal, we will find those who will do it, "Pens said. "If US industry can provide critical commercial services without government development, then we will buy them. And if commercial missiles are the only way to get the American astronauts on the Moon over the next five years, then commercial missiles will emerge.

"Emergency must be our watchword," said Pens. "The inability to reach our goal of returning the American astronaut to the Moon over the next five years is not an option."

But the budget request by the Trump administration for $ 21bn for Budget 2020 for NASA, released on March 11, offers a reduction of $ 375m. funding for the Space Launch System and postpone the introduction of a more powerful upper phase of SLS capable of releasing the Orions crew capsules and modules for a mining space station in a lunar orbit on a single mission.

Prior to the announcement of pence on Tuesday, NASA plans first to build a space complex in the lunar orbit, called Gateway, with contributions from international and commercial partners. NASA provides the gate as a waypoint on the way to the moon's surface, where Orion spacecraft with astronauts will climb before leaving for lunar devices that can transport crews and cargo between the gate and the moon. The Budget House Budget Budget for 2020 will provide funding to maintain a landing schedule for people on the Moon by 2028. The pensioners' statements on Tuesday did not mention the budget request, details of how much the acceleration schedule for a moon landing could cost, or how the gateway can cost.

The liquid hydrogen tank for the first stage of the space launch system is seen during a recent NASA Michoud meeting in New Orleans after technicians have applied orange foam insulation to the tank. Credit: NASA

A large part of the delays in the space launch system stemmed from difficulties in assembling the Boeing core, which consisted of a liquid oxygen reservoir, a liquid hydrogen tank, and an engine. a compartment with four main RS-25 engines remaining in the space shuttle program.

A report by NASA's General Inspector of October criticizes the agency and Boeing for exceeding the cost and schedule of SLS, a 212 meter high stage, faced with developmental problems that previously delayed the first launch date of SLS from the end of 2018 to the middle of 2020

Two side-mounted solid fuel boosters built by Northrop Grumman's innovation systems, also derived from shuttle projects, will provide extra take-off power, giving the SLS about 8 , 8 million pounds of pressure, 15% more than Saturn 5: jackets used in the Apollo moon program. The 32-storey version of SLS block 1, as its initial configuration is also marked, will also have a top-level output from the ULA Delta 4 rocket, with a single Aerojet Rocketdyne RL10 engine.

Bridenstine said the upper stage of the study, which would be postponed if the Trump administration's budget request came into force, is vital for the return of people to the Moon for the first time since 1972.

"When we talk about the possibility of accomplices displaying useful loads, we are talking about incorporating spacecraft humans with modules for living together and delivering the moon at once, we will need an exploratory upper stage, and we will need it probably early, from EM-3, the third launch of Space Starter Systems, "said Bridence. "There are many things to be done."

"We're working to make sure that every moment we use to develop the SLS and the Orion crew's capsule, we only do what is absolute necessary to get to the First Start, rather than adding it to the mix, whether it's for additional testing or serial assembly, and not for parallel assembly, "he said. "We are trying to remove any extra time to get to the first launch as soon as possible."

Despite the warnings of NASA and Boeing's managers that the delay of the first SLS launch by 2021 is likely, said Bridental. at the meeting of the National Space Research Council on Tuesday that he is "confident that we can get to the first launch in 2020 for SLS, and actually fly a capsule for the crew around the moon."

SLS / Orion around the moon with astronauts aboard Bridenstine did not provide details of how engineers can catch up on their Space Launch System, but Boeing said in a statement that managers are now planning to stir up steps to integrate the main stage into the NASA Michoud meeting in New Orleans , while technicians continue to work on the engine section, which has caused many of the latest SLS delays.

"We were working with NASA to develop a final assembly plan that allowed the engine section to work at the same time when we joined the stern and front of the rocket," said Boeing's spokeswoman Patricia Solovechik, we anticipated the completion of the machine part, the most complicated element of the rocket.At the new plan, we can work simultaneously in both sections and connect horizontally the engine section, allowing to continuously handle all the iterations of the rocket

. we have optimized our processes to the most important for safety and quality, allowing us to move forward with considerable speed and speed, "Solovechik said in a statement published for Spaceflight Now

The main engine section for the first test flight of NASA / Jude Guidry

NASA said earlier this month that workers have completed most of the equipment in the main engine section that serves as a structural point in the NASA system in Louisiana, mount of four main engine and routes of many fuels, power and data

section of the engine containing more than 500 sensors and 18 miles cables, according to NASA. Workers attached the cork thermal insulation to the outside of the drive module before moving it to a different part of the unfolded Michoud factory to further test and add a boat-taut structure to the bottom of the machine section.

the main stage was fully built, the ground crews planned to transfer the missile with a barge into NASA's Stennis Space Center in Mississippi for an eight-minute test-shot of all four engines. NASA and Boeing officials did not discuss any changes to this plan Tuesday.

Legislators led by Senator Richard Shelby, R-Alabama, chairman of the Senate Budget Committee, have long supported a space launch system that, according to NASA

approved Congress $ 2.15 billion for the space launch program systems in the financial year 2019, while the budget request of the Trump administration will decrease by $ 375 million to about $ 1.78 billion

. Shelby said earlier this month that in his role as chair of the committee on budget appropriations, he has "more than leaked interest in what NASA does," says a Space News report.

also in what they do in Huntsville, Alabama, "Shelby went on to introduce Marshall Center Director Jody Singer at noon in Washington. "Jody, you keep doing what you do.

But Pens repeated that NASA and Boeing should take the pace with the Space Launch if the rocket program survives.

"To develop these new technologies, NASA has to adopt an approach on all of the crew's hands to award public contracts, contracts and partnerships," Pens said. "If a trading company can deliver a missile, moon team mate or some other ability faster at a lower cost to the taxpayer than the status quo, then NASA must have the power and the courage to change course quickly and decisively to achieve this [19659002] Boeing said in a statement Tuesday that he "works ruthlessly … doing what is absolutely necessary to support the launch of NASA in 2020" and is "committed to supporting the vision outlined by Vice President Penns today." 19659002] "Boeing and NASA have introduced changes in processes and technologies to speed up production without sacrificing safety or quality, and we remain on schedule to deliver the first leg of the NASA SLS core by the end of this year," he said. Boeing. 19659002] "As alternative commercial launch studies show, NASA has confirmed that SLS remains the best approach to achieving our lunar goals, confirming the importance of the top stage of the study. from EM-3, "said Boeing. "SLS is the world's only super heavy rocket capable of safely transporting astronauts to deep space with great payloads like aerodynamic, habitat and portal elements."

Lockheed Martin, chief executive of NASA's Orion Capsule, said in a statement that "With the proper level of commitment, urgency and resources, people could go to the surface by 2024," the company said.

The artist's illustration of NASA's Orion spacecraft artist and his European built-in service module fed to the Moon by a high-powered engine. NASA

"Our concept will use an early version of the gateway, using only its drive and docking port, which puts the most important elements in the lunar orbit as quickly as possible," said Lockheed Martin. "It will also design the crew with proven avionics, crew and crew systems from Orion crew and service modules already built to explore the moon of a person."

Elon Musk, founder and CEO of SpaceX, wrote : It would be so inspiring for mankind to see humanity return to the moon! "

The SpaceX's Falcon Heavy Rocket is the most powerful starter currently in operation, but is unable to send the Orion spacecraft to the moon. Musk's company is also developing a new reusable tool for human space travel, with a top segment known as the Star Ship and a first stage called Super Heavy. The starship and Super Heavy will be able to pick up more cargo in space than SLS, and Musk wrote on Tuesday that he thought the spacecraft might be ready to take people to the surface of the moon within five years. As contemplated today, the Starfish and Super Heavy will be a rocket carrier, an interplanetary transport vehicle and a lowered ship in one. the company's object near Brownsville, Texas.

"It's worth giving it our best shot!" Musk wrote. "It would be great to have a competitive, commercial program to build a lunar base that is result-oriented (not worth it) so it's only payable for secure freight delivery."

The Obama administration has canceled the over-budget and postponed landing program in 2011 The White House and the Obama Congress have agreed to save the Orion spacecraft from the Constellation program and redirect NASA's efforts to explore the deep Mars Cosmos.

NASA still has a long-term goal to send astronauts to Mars but plans to focus on the moon.

The space agency just started working on the vehicles to get to the moon's surface, starting with an initiative to buy rides in new shopping centers. Not one of the commercial harvesters has yet flew into space, but NASA hopes to plant the concepts of private governance, similar to the way the government is stimulating new cargo ships and crews for the International Space Station.

The return of the moon astronauts will be near the moon's south pole, said Pens, where scientists found evidence of water ice on the floor of craters in constant shadow. Ледът може да бъде събран и превърнат в ракетно гориво, създавайки депа за зареждане на Луната за евентуални мисии до Марс.

Пенс се позова на скорошния успех на китайската сонда Chang'e 4, която постигна първото контролирано кацане от другата страна на луната през януари.

"Сега имаме нужда от спешност", каза Пенс. "Не се заблуждавайте за това, ние сме в космическа надпревара днес, точно както бяхме през 60-те години, а залозите са още по-високи.

" Не е само конкуренция срещу нашите противници, ние също се състезаваме срещу нашите най-лошият враг: самодоволство, ”казва Пенс.

Но остава открит въпросът как администрацията на Тръмп планира да финансира ускореното усилие за разтоварване на луната. Bridenstine трябва да даде показания в сряда в сряда, проведено от комисията на комисията по бюджетни кредити, отговаряща за изготвянето на бюджета на НАСА.

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Следвайте Стивън Кларк в Twitter: @ StephenClark1 .


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