The policy of an American state can influence the way people use cannabis, a new study from Columbia University suggests. It found that liberal states have higher pot levels than conservative states, but conservative states have higher levels of harmful, addictive use. These differences can be seen among some age groups whether the state has legalized the use of the pot somehow or not.
Currently, medical use of cannabis is authorized in 33 countries, and 10 states, including Michigan and Vermont in 2018, have legally restored it. Many research has been done to find out whether this growing legalization of cannabis use has affected its popularity. Most of these studies have found that marijuana laws make it more commonplace by young adults, but not by children and teenagers (data less sure about the effects of cannabis recreation laws on youth rates).
Laws are not the only thing that could shape our attitude and behavior around drugs, according to lead author Morgan Philbins, a social and behavioral scientist at the Columbia University School of Public Health. "[T]" state-specific cannabis laws exist within a wider policy context and these relationships have not yet been explored (for example, the Canadian Medical Cannabis Act exists in a very different context-specific state than , say Arizona), – she said by email. "Another job (eg on LGBT rights and immigration) has shown that the political climate as a whole can affect individual health outcomes and we wanted to investigate whether this is the case with cannabis use."
Philbins and her team turned to data from the state rank index on political liberalism, a scale developed by political scientist Virginia Gray. The scale regulates the political adjustment of the state on the basis of their policies relating to topics such as arms control, abortion rights, well-being and labor rights. Two versions of the index were published in 2005 and 2011, with nations such as New York, New Jersey and California leading the liberal ranks, and states like North Dakota, Alabama and Mississippi are ranked the most conservative. These data were then compared with data from the National Drug and Health Survey, which reflects the self-employed drug use among different age groups.
In general, adults over the age of 26 report using cannabis in the past year at least while 18- to 25-year-olds have used it the most, according to the study. And people in conservative states are constantly reporting that they use cannabis less than those living in liberal countries – a gap that is getting bigger over time. Between 2005 and 2011, for example, the percentage of reported pot-drinking between 18- to 25-year-olds rose from 33% to 37% in the most liberal countries, while only rose from 25% to 26% in the most conservative countries . Some of these people have used cannabis so often to comply with the Canadian Cancer Disorder (CUD) bill. But while the rate of cannabis use decreases in both liberal and conservative countries, it is generally higher in the red. Between 2005 and 2011, for example, the CUD rate among 18- to 25-year-old cannabis users declined from 22% to 18% but also decreased from 20% to 17% among the same age group in the liberal states, according to the study. The same pattern can be observed for any other age group.
In both cases, the difference in cannabis and CUD use between liberal and conservative states can still be seen even after taking into account the laws of medical marijuana, albeit really only on This suggests that other important policies in the field of public health affect our cannabis habits
But Philbins says there's an important warning about their findings, published Wednesday in the International Journal of Drug Policy. Due to the type of data used, the study does not directly indicate that living in a liberal state causes more cannabis use or less misused use (or conversely, for conservative living).
show that policies that are not directly targeting a specific result, in this case the use of cannabis, still have a reflection, "she said. "This can happen because the wider political climate affects everyone's health by changing the context in which other policies work, or perhaps making healthier default behavior. So perhaps the healthier is the average resident, he can assume that they are less likely to suffer from CUD. State laws regulating the use of other available drugs, such as alcohol or tobacco, may also affect the likelihood of cannabis use. If nothing else, the study also suggests that even if a country is experiencing increasing levels of cannabis use, it does not necessarily mean that more people will develop harmful addiction to it – and that there are policies that can prevent it. 19659004] "These differing policy contexts can contribute to country-specific disparities that need to be considered when adopting cannabis policies in the US (eg Things like stigma, accessibility of services, access to care, and cannabis-specific knowledge and attitudes), "Philbins said. "The same applies to the legalization of cannabis: cannabis legalization policies can have a different impact on cannabis use depending on the condition in which it is adopted, and it is important for politicians to be aware of and discuss these factors when they consider legalization. "[Thestudyofthecurrentstudydiscussestheinter-governmentalpolicyandtheuseofthebureaucracyofthefutureresearchneedstoidentifyspecificpoliciesontheuseofbureaucracyinrelationtotheuseoftherighttodistinguishinter-liberalandconservativestatescanbeobservedforalongperiodoftimeassoonaspossibleaslongasthevariousdemographicgroups