Although periodic fasting may sound like another diet craze, the practice of not eating and drinking for short periods of time again shows that it leads to potentially better health outcomes.
In a new study by researchers at the Salt Lake City Intermontown Heart Institute for Heart Research, researchers found that patients with cardiac catheterization who practice regular periodic fasting live longer than patients who do not. In addition, the study found that patients who practice periodic fasting are less likely to be diagnosed with heart failure.
"This is another example of how we find that starvation can lead to better health outcomes and longer lives," said Benjamin Horn, Ph.D., principal investigator of the study and director of cardio- vascular and genetic epidemiology at the Intermountain Heart Health Institute.
The findings of the study will be presented at the American Heart Association's 201
In the study, researchers assigned 2,001 patients with intermediate careers undergoing cardiac catheterization by 2013 to 2015, a series of lifestyle issues, including whether or not they practice routine periodic fasting. The researchers then followed up these patients 4.5 years later and found that fasting had a higher survival rate than those who did not.
Because people who regularly achieve are also known to participate in other health behaviors, the study also evaluates other parameters, including demographics, socioeconomic factors, cardiac risk factors, comorbid diagnoses, medications and treatment, and other behaviors in a lifestyle such as smoking and drinking.
Statistically correcting these factors, long-term routine fasting remains a strong predictor of better survival and lower risk of heart failure, according to researchers.
The Intermonitary Health Institute for Health has the opportunity to study starvation closely, as many patients do it regularly: a significant portion of Utah's population belongs to the Church of Jesus Christ of later times. day saints, whose members usually fast on the first Sunday of the month, passing without eating or drinking for two consecutive meals, and thus do not eat for a period of about one day.
While the study does not show that starvation is the causal effect of better survival, these real results in a large population suggest that starvation can have an effect and insists on continuing the study of behavior.
"While many fasting diets exist today, the various fasting goals of these diets do not need to be confused with the act of fasting in this study," said Dr. Horn. "All biological benefits mechanisms offered for starvation health arise from effects that occur during fasting or are the effects of starvation. "
Dr. Horn has previously conducted studies on the risk of diabetes and coronary disease in patients and found that percentages are lower in patients who routinely exercise periodically These studies were published in 2008 and 2012 and suggest that the development of these chronic illnesses for decades may be improved by long-term routine fasting.
Why long-term periodic starvation leads to better health outcomes it is not yet known, although Dr. Horn said it could be a number of factors: Fasting affects hemoglobin levels, red blood cell counts, human growth hormone and lowers sodium and bicarbonate levels while activating keto and autophagy – all factors that lead to better heart health and in particular reduce the risk of heart failure and coronary heart disease
"With our lower risk of heart failure consistent with previous mechanistic studies, this study suggests that routine low-frequency fasting for two-thirds of life spans activates the same biological mechanisms that offer fasting diets to activate quickly, "notes Dr. Horn.
Researchers have stated that starvation for years and even decades forces the body to activate the beneficial mechanisms of starvation after a shorter period of time than usual.
Usually, it takes about 12 hours fasting to activate the effects, but long-term routine fasting can shorten that time, so any routine
further studies continue to answer this question as well. other issues related to possible mechanisms of impact on the development of chronic disease. and survival. Further research will also look at the potential psychological effects of starvation and the potential effects on hunger appetite and perception.
The post is not for everyone. Researchers warn that pregnant and breastfeeding women should not fast, as do young children and younger adults. People who have received transplantation of organs that have a suppressed immune system are experiencing acute or severe chronic infections, and those with eating disorders should also not be reached.
People diagnosed with chronic illnesses – especially those taking medicines for diabetes, blood pressure or heart disease – should not be reached unless they are under the strict care and supervision of a doctor because of the severe adverse effects that the drugs can cause. in combination with fasting, including as hypoglycemia.
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Permanent fasting increases longevity in patients with cardiac catheterization (2019, November 16)
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