Sounds like the beginning of a very bad physics riddle: I'm a particle that is not really; I disappear before I can be discovered, but it can still be seen. I interrupt your understanding of physics, but I do not review your knowledge. Who am I?
This is Odderon, a particle that is even stranger than its name suggests, and it could have been discovered in the Large Hadron Accelerator, the most powerful atom that breaks particles close to the speed of light. 17-mile (27 km) ring near Geneva, Switzerland
It's just complicated
First, the dentron is not really a particle. What we think of particles is usually very stable: electrons, protons, quarks, neutrinos, and so on. You can hold them in your hand and carry them with you. Hell, your hand is literally made by them. And your hand does not disappear very soon, so we can probably assume that its main particles are in the long run. [7 Strange Facts About Quarks]
There are other particles that do not last long, but are still called particles. Despite their short life, they remain particles. They are free, independent and capable of living independently, apart from any interaction ̵
And then there is the so-called quasi-part, which is just one step above and is not a-particles in everything. Quasi-particles are not just particles, but they are not a fiction. Just … complicated. [The 18 Biggest Unsolved Mysteries in Physics]
As in, literally complicated. In particular, particle interactions at ultra-high velocities are complicated. When two protons break at almost the speed of light, it's not like two billiard balls that break apart together. This is more like two drops of jellyfish that swing to each other, pulling out of their guts, and rearranging everything before returning to the jump.
In all this complicated confusion, sometimes strange patterns appear. Small particles enter and go out of existence in an instant of an eye, just to be followed by another minor particle – and another. Sometimes these flashes of particles appear in a certain sequence or pattern. Sometimes, it does not even blink particles, just vibrations in the soup from the mixture of collision – vibrations that suggest the presence of a transient particle. Physicists here face a mathematical dilemma. They may either try to fully describe the complex mess that leads to these effervescent models, or they can pretend – purely for convenience – that these patterns are "particles" by themselves but with strange properties such as negative masses and spins that change over time. [5 Seriously Mind-Boggling Math Facts]
Physicists choose the last option and thus a quasi-part is born. Quasi-particles are short, effervescent models or waves of energy that appear in the midst of collision with high-energy particles. But as much work is needed to fully describe this situation in mathematics, physicists take some shortcuts and pretend that these patterns are their own particles. This is done only to make math easier to manage. So, quasi particles are treated as particles, although they are definitely not.
It's like pretending your uncle's jokes are really fun. It is quasi-bound for convenience only.
A Chance of Chance
A particular type of quasi-part is called the oderon, which is supposed to exist in the 1970s. It is believed that this occurs when an odd number of quarks – the heavy particles that are the building blocks of matter – briefly light up and disappear during the collisions of proton and antiproton. If the oderones are present in this collapsing scenario, there will be little cross-sectional difference (physical jargon of how easily one particle strikes another) of collisions between particles with themselves and their antiparticles. So, if we put a bunch of protons together, for example, we can calculate a cross section for this interaction. Then we can repeat this exercise for proton-antiproton collisions. In a world without hypersons these two cross sections must be identical. But the echoes change the picture – these short patterns, which we call the oderones, appear more favorably in particle-particles than collisions with antiparticle antiparticles that will slightly modify cross-sections. , so you will need many events or collisions before you can claim a discovery.
Now, only if we had a giant particle accelerator that regularly breaks protons and antiprotons together and did so with such high energies and so often we can get reliable statistics. Oh, right: Great Hadron Accelerator.
In a recent article published on March 26 at the arXiv prescription server, TOTEM Collaboration (in the lively jargon acronym of high energy physics, TOTEM stands for the "TOTal cross" section, Elastic Scattering and Differential Dissociation Measurement in LHC) for significant differences between the cross sections of the protons that break other protons against protons that are closed to antiprotons, and the only way to explain the difference is to revive this decade an old idea for oderone. another word and other forms of exotic particles), but the odd people, however strange they seem, seem the best candidate
Totem has discovered something new and fun for the universe, for sure, did TOTEM find a brand new particle? No, because the kerosene are quasi-particles and not particles It still helps us overcome the boundaries of the known physics, for sure, does it break the familiar physics? No, because it was supposed that the Odderones exist in our present understanding.
Does all this look a little weird for you? Ask the cosmonaut and Cosmical Radio and Author of Your Place in the Universe . Originally posted on Live Science .