Thirty leading scientists from around the world have created a committee to deal with two of the world's most pressing threats – poor nutrition and climate change – jointly by offering a universal diet that people could turn on. the potential to foster human health and support environmental sustainability; but they are both threatening at the moment, "the report said. "Providing a growing global population with healthy diets from sustainable food systems is an immediate challenge."
The proposed diet called "planetary healthy diet" is based on higher consumption of vegetables, fruits, whole grains, legumes and nuts . Scientists in the committee argue that such a diet can simultaneously improve people's health and increase the likelihood of achieving global sustainability goals. Scientists in the committee say this is a "win-win" solution that has scientific goals, using a framework of planetary boundaries that is defined as "a safe workspace for humanity with respect to the earth's system and related to the biophysical subsystems or processes of the planet" By 2050, the Earth's population is expected to reach 1
Efforts will continue to be discussed during the year in a series of reports published by The Commission in The Lancet. The first one was published on January 16th. In the latest report, scientists explain that they are hoping their proposal to motivate policy makers to introduce changes to the world's nutritional system – which, according to scientists, is now unhealthy for many
In addition to focusing on what consumers consume, the planetary diet for health focuses on the role of agricultural games and the impact they have on wildlife and pollution. from this world: 1 billion people in the world are starving and another 2 billion people are overweight. According to the proposed diet, optimal daily intake of whole grains, starchy vegetables, fruits, dairy products, proteins, fats and sugars should result in a total caloric intake of 2,500 per day. Many people will probably need to reduce red meat and sugars by more than 50%. According to the authors, North America eats nearly 6.5 times the recommended amount of red meat. South Asia ate 1.5 times the quantity of starchy vegetables. In exchange for the consumption of nuts, fruits, vegetables and legumes, it would have to be doubled.
To put the proposed diet in perspective, it will essentially allow a beef burger and two servings of fish per week. Most proteins should come from legumes and nuts. One cup of milk a day fits in the instructions as well as a few eggs a week.
The report recognizes that it would be difficult for many to follow universally, and it is unclear whether there will be a social policy or simply individualisation of responsibility.
"Mankind has never had the goal of changing the global food system to its intended scale," the report said. "Achieving this goal will require rapid acceptance of multiple changes and unprecedented global cooperation and commitment: nothing more than the Great Food Transformation."
If successful, the authors believe that 10.9 to 11.6 million deaths can be avoided every year. To allow the world to follow the diet, the report proposes five strategies, one of which is subsidies. The report also states that stimulating farmers to shift food production from large quantities of several crops to more diverse crops could be beneficial. The Commission says efforts to reduce food waste can be made by improving harvest planning in low and middle income countries. It also suggests that shopping habits for consumers in high-income countries also need to be improved.
This report is an example of how users are expected to change their behavior to save the world that is often criticized given that about 100 companies account for 71% of global emissions. Suggestions that individualise the responsibility for saving the planet – such as food changes or the use of less straw – are often criticized for insufficiently identifying that systemic problems require systemic solutions (ie regulation). It is remarkable that the global food system is responsible for almost a third of all greenhouse gas emissions, and in a separate IAP report it is claimed that renewing the global diet can transform the system. "The stakes are very high," said Dr. Richard Horton, editor-in-chief of The Lancet, told CNN.