With 49 people on board, the Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner flight completed the voyage of 10 066 miles from New York to Sydney in 19 hours and 16 minutes.
Qantas Group CEO Alan Joyce said: "This is really very important for aviation. Hopefully, this is a visualization of a regular service that will accelerate the way people travel from one side of the globe to the other. " Studies on the health and well-being of people on board were conducted during test flights, ranging from observation of pilot brain waves, melatonin levels and alertness to exercise for travelers.
Joyce added: "We know that ultra-long flights present some additional challenges, but this is true every time technology allows us to fly further. The research we do should give us better strategies for improving comfort and well-being along the way. "
The next test flight will take place in November, from London to Sydney, while before the end of the year there will be another flight from New York to Sydney.
Qantas said he hoped to operate direct flights from three cities to the east Australia's coast ̵
Captain Sean Golding said: "Overall, we're really pleased with how the flight went and some of the great data is great, we need to help consider making this a regular service. "
The Qantas Boeing 787 Dreamliner aircraft arrives at Sydney International Airport after flying directly from New York on Sunday, October 20, 2019.
David Gray / Getty Images for Qantas / GETTY
How will passengers be monitored?
Researchers at the Charles Perkins Center at the University of Sydney, Monash University and the Cooperative Safety and Productivity Research Center – a scientific program supported by the Australian Government – will study the impact of long-haul flight on board.
Passengers in the main cabin wore surveillance devices, and experts from the Charles Perkins Center will examine how their "health, well-being and body clock" were influenced by a set of variables that included lighting, food and drink, movement, sleep models
Those aboard were advised to keep a daily diary at the beginning of the flight and for two weeks thereafter to show how they felt and how they coped with jet lag.
Pilots and cabin crew will also keep logs for sleep. Pilot cameras were installed in the cockpit to record pilot readiness.
"People seem to be much different when it comes to jetlag experience – and we need more research on what contributes to travel fatigue and travel so we can try and reduce the impact of flying "Long Distance," said Professor Stephen Simpson, Academic Director of the Charles Perkins Center at the University of Sydney, November 19, 2009.
"We have a long way to go in understanding how a wide variety of influences – including nutrition, hydration, exercise , sleep and light – can work together for maximum benefit. "
Monash University scientists will focus on flight crew, recording melatonin levels before, during and after flights, as well as studying brainwave data from electroencephalogram devices worn by pilots .
This information will then be shared with the Civil Aviation Safety Authority "to help inform regulatory requirements related to the ts ultra-long road," Qantas said in a statement.
Francesca Street and Emily Dixon contributed to this report.