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Recession with a difference: Women face a special burden



Only during World War II, when women urgently needed factories and offices to replace men who had been in the military, did the government create a large, federally subsidized network of crèches and child centers in almost every country. After the war ended, so did the support.

“You can’t have a happy mother working in a military factory if she’s worried about her children, and you can’t have children roaming the streets without having a bad effect on future generations,” said Senator Carl Hayden. , a Democrat from Arizona. 1943

Women make up approximately half of the country̵

7;s workforce. They range from entry-level to vocational, live in urban, suburban and rural areas and often care for young children and teenagers. But the burden of the pandemic-induced recession has fallen most heavily on low-income women and minorities and single mothers.

Members of these overlapping groups often have the most unpredictable schedules and the least advantages and are the least able to afford childcare. They fill most of the main activities that cannot be done from home and therefore carry the greatest risk of exposure to the virus. At the same time, they make up a disproportionate share of the service industries that have lost the most jobs. Unemployment is 9.2 percent for black women and 9 percent for Hispanic women.

When the pandemic dried up home cleaning jobs, Andrea Poe was able to find a cleaning job at a resort in Orange Beach, Alabama, about a 45-minute drive from Pensacola, Florida, where she and her 14-year-old daughter, Cheyenne Poe had moved in with his older daughter, her fiancé, and their five children.

Families were lagging behind in rents and were threatened with eviction when Hurricane Sally hit the coast in September. To escape the floods, they got into two cars, drove to Biloxi, Miss, and spent five nights in a Walmart parking lot.

Ms. Poe and Cheyenne, now 15, are in Peoria, Arizona, living in a room in their mother’s trailer.


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