Rhode Island Department of Health officials announced on Monday that a person in the state had died from Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) mosquito virus.
The patient, who was not identified, was in his 50s and lived in West Warwick. He or she died Sunday, health officials said in a news release.
The death of a person comes after the Rhode Island Department of Health announced in August that the case was first flagged in the state in 2010. At that time, the patient was said to be in a critical condition.
MASSACHUSETTS GIRL, 5, DEATH CONTRACTS EEE VIRUS, IN CRITICAL CONDITIONS: REPORT and disease prevention (CDC) is a rare disease spread by infected mosquitoes. EEE "is one of a group of mosquito-borne viruses that can cause brain inflammation (encephalitis)," says the federal health agency.
EEE is more common in the Atlantic and Gulf Coast countries, although the CDC says some cases have been reported in the Great Lakes region. It rarely happens ̵
"Antibiotics are not effective against viruses and no effective antiviral drugs have been found."
Symptoms of EEE usually occur in four to 10 days after a person is bitten by an infected mosquito. Severe cases of the virus "begin with the sudden onset of headaches, fever, chills and vomiting," says the CDC, which notes, "then the disease can go into disorientation, seizures and coma."
One-third of those infected with the virus of EEE die while survivors usually have "mild to severe brain damage".
There is no specific treatment for the infection.
MASSACHUSETS FOR WHICH THE WISHES ARE REPLYING THE RARE MOSCOW-BORN VIRUS: "THESE SURFACE SHOULD BE NEEDED"
. "Serious illnesses are treated with supportive therapy, which may include hospitalization, respiratory support, IV fluids, and the prevention of other infections."
The best way to prevent EEE and other mosquito-borne diseases is through drainage of stagnant water – in bird baths, buckets or on the roof of pools – as stagnant water can serve as a breeding ground for these insects. Other preventative measures include covering the skin with trousers and long-sleeved shirts while out and proper use of DEET-containing insect repellent.
The death in Rhode Island comes after Massachusetts health officials declared two additional cases of the virus, one to a woman in her 60s and the other to a 5-year-old girl.