The upcoming Full Moon is known by many names, including Harvest Moon, Barley Moon and Corn Moon. This is the ninth full moon of the year and is expected to peak later this week. A full moon appears approximately every 29.5 days when the moon is directly opposite the sun.
Because the Moon does not shine with its own light, it goes through eight different phases throughout the Moon.
The phases unfold when the amount of sunlight falling on the side of the Moon facing the Earth changes.
The full moon falls in the middle of this cycle, and the eight phases in a row are New Moon, Waxing Crescent, First Quarter, Waxing Crescent, Full Moon, Waxing Crescent, Last Quarter, and Waxing Crescent.
The US space agency NASA said: “When sunlight strikes the far side of the moon ̵
“When sunlight is reflected from a nearby side, we call it the Full Moon.
“During the rest of the month we see parts of the lunar day or phases.”
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NASA moon expert Gordon Johnston said: “The Maine Farmer’s Almanac first published the names of the Indians for the Full Moons in the 1930s.
“Over time, these names became widely known and used.
“According to this almanac, such as the Full Moon in September and the last Full Moon in the summer, the Algonquin tribes in today’s northeastern United States call it the Corn Moon because it is the time to gather their main crops, corn, pumpkin, squash, beans and wild rice. “
In Europe, this moon is also known as the Barley Moon, and in Thailand it is Modhu Purnima or Honey Full Moon.
The lunar phase corresponds to the honey festival, which is a Buddhist holiday.
Mr Johnston said: “This festival is associated with the legend that an elephant and a monkey fed the Buddha when he was in the forest to ensure peace between two factions, with the elephant offering fruit and the monkey offering honeycomb.
“In Sri Lanka, this Full Moon is the Day of Bina Pura Pasaloswaka Poya, marking the establishment of the Bhihun Buddhist Order.”
More modern lunar names include GRAIL Moon and LADEE Moon, which mean NASA’s Gravity Restoration and Interior Laboratory and Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Explorer, respectively.