A towering mobile platform for the Space Launch System agency arrived at the launch pad 39B Friday at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida for a sequence of water and propeller flow tests, swing arm checkouts and other rehearsals that (1965003) The Mobile Launcher is a mobile platform that will transfer the 322-foot-tall (98-meter) Space Launch to the first SLS launch campaign. System from the Vehicle Assembly Building to the launch pad. The $ 1 billion tower is one of the tallest structures in the Cape Canaveral area, and NASA originally built it for the Ares 1 rocket, a single-booster launcher that was canceled in 2010 before it ever flew on an orbital mission
rollout of the Mobile Launcher to the 39B this week caps nine months of electrical and mechanical testing inside the Vehicle Assembly Building. After testing the platform and tower's compatibility with the VAB, where the Space Launch System will be stacked, the engineers now want to ensure it will work at the launch pad.
"It's that next big step right before the final exam, before we 're done, "said Cliff Lanham, NASA's senior project manager for the Mobile Launcher. "So we're all very excited. I know our operating group is ready to get ahold of it, so they can operate it with the rocket. Everything's pumped about this. "
The mobile launch tower for NASA's Space Launch System arrived at pad 39B at the Kennedy Space Center today for final swing arm, propellant flow and sound suppression water testing before it's declared operational. FULL STORY: https://t.co/6ek2jrXpKH pic.twitter.com/sDNVpKBxpu
– Spaceflight Now (@SpaceflightNow) June 29, 2019
But exactly when NASA can The Mobile Launcher is hard to predict, officials said Thursday.
NASA is developing the Space Launch System to send astronauts to the launch of the new space launch in 2020, three years later than originally envisioned. (19659003) The space agency says the first SLS launch, the first SLS launch, is the first SLS launch to be launched in the mid- without a crew on-board, could still happen before the end of 2020, but any technical problems discovered in several critical upcoming ground tests could delay the launch as late as June 2021, according to a report by the Government Accountability Office released earlier this month  NASA officials said the roll-out of the Mobile Launcher to pad 39B should be the last time the mammoth structure makes the trip to the launch pad before the ground crews stack the Space Launch System on the platform in preparation for the first flight
The SLS core stage will be powered by four RS-25 main engines, two solid rocket boosters and a RL10 upper stage engine. At the liftoff, the racket will generate up to 8.8 million pounds of thrust.
The first SLS launch, designated Artemis 1, will send an unpiloted Orion crew capsule on a shakedown cruise to the moon and back. The Orion spacecraft and its service module will swing as close as 62 miles (100 kilometers) from the lunar surface, then loop into a more distant orbit around 40,000 miles (70,000 kilometers) from the moon before returning to Earth
The second SLS / Orion flight, in 2022 or 2023, will carry astronauts on a looping trajectory around the moon and back to Earth, followed by the Artemis 3 mission in 2024, which could attempt the first landing on the moon by astronauts since 1972.  One of NASA's Apollo-era diesel-powered crawler-carriers carried the 10.5 million-pound Mobile Launcher from the cavernous Vehicle Assembly Building to pad 39B. Both facilities at the Florida spaceport were built in the 1960s for the Apollo moon program, and later modified for space shuttle and Space Launch System
The crawler crew divided the 4.2-mile journey over two days , beginning around 12am EDT (0400 GMT) Thursday with rollout from High Bay 3 in the Vehicle Assembly Building, where the tower has resided since last September. The Mobile Launcher trailed down the rock-covered crawler at a top speed of 0.8 mph – about 1.3 kilometers per hour, or 70 feet per minute – and arrived at the gate to pad 39B by late morning Thursday
The Mobile Launcher finished the trip up the ramp to pad 39B on Friday morning. A laser alignment system helped the crawler crew guide the Mobile Launcher to the correct position, then lower it over six pedestals at the launch pad.
NASA plans to keep Mobile Launcher at pad 39B until around the end of September. During the three-month campaign, the engineers will run a series of tests, including swing arm retractions to mimic their function during the launch countdown, and pumping cryogenic liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen propellers through the plumbing's structure for the first time
"We'll hook all our systems to the pad systems, and we'll test to make sure the Mobile Launcher and the pad work together properly," Lanham said. "We will be testing, for example, water flows, sound suppression, IOP (Ignition Overpressure) systems. We will be doing the cryo flow as well there
"We will be doing the swing arm swing because in the VAB we can not fully test the swings of the arm, so we'll be testing those out there . We will also be doing some end-to-end testing on the electrical systems. We'll make sure we can command from the LCC (Launch Control Center) all the way out to the pad, "Lanham said. "
In contrast to the moving launch tables used by the space shuttle, SLS mobile launcher includes a giant skyscraper-like structure on the platform itself. The 380-foot-tall (115-meter) Mobile Launcher features a metal tower atop and a two-story base with six swing arms that will retract away from the racket before launch.
In the shuttle era, pads 39A and 39B fixed umbilical towers to provide astronauts, ground crews and swing arms to the vehicle. The Apollo program's Saturn 5 moon rocket used a similar pad setup as the SLS, but the Saturn 5's mobile tower had nine swing arms
The SLS tower and platform contain nearly 1,000 pieces of ground support equipment, routing power, data, water
When engineers complete the tests at the launch pad this summer, the Mobile Launcher will return to High Bay 3 inside the Vehicle Assembly Building for a few final checkouts, including a demonstration in which the cranes will stack dummy segments of a SLS booster on the platform for the first time
"This is a big day for us," said Darrell Foster, exploration ground systems integration manager at KSC. "From my perspective, this is our launch day … From a hardware development standpoint, this is what we live for, these big milestones, and putting the pieces together. It's like a puzzle. "
At the launch pad 39B, workers have installed new heat-resistant bricks inside the flame trench and put in a new flame director to shunt the exhaust from the SLS main engines and solid rocket boosters toward the north at liftoff. NASA officials added that the Mobile Launcher, along with the newly installed hardware at the pad 39B and inside the VAB, should be ready
While the workers at Kennedy are preparing for rollout of the SLS launching tower, SLS launch platform this week, NASA announced Tuesday that Bechtel National Inc., a Virginia company, will build a second Mobile Launcher to accommodate an upgraded, taller version of the Space Launch System
Under a $ 383 million contract, Bechtel National will design, build, test and commission the second Mobile Launcher over a 44-month period beginning July 1. Officials expect the new launch tower, which will be built just outside the Vehicle Assembly Building at KSC, to be ready by early 2023.  Congress has appropriated funding for the second Mobile Launcher last year to fit a larger version of SLS named Block 1B.
Foster said NASA will give Bechtel National flexibility to redesign some parts of the Mobile Launcher as they begin working on the new SLS Block 1B, which will have a broader second stage, with four engines instead of the single engine flying the initial SLS missions. structure. The SLS Block 1B could debut as soon as the Artemis 3, which is named the Exploration Upper Stage, will be developed to print, and NASA will develop a new umbilical arm to feed the propellants to the larger SLS second stage. launch in 2024, allowing missions to the moon to carry heavier payloads. Meanwhile, NASA plans to rely on commercial rockets to launch modules for the Gateway, and a mini-station around the moon that crews will use as a stopover and safe harbor during lunar landing expeditions.
NASA spent $ 234 million building the original Mobile Launcher configured for the Ares 1 rocket, and the agency expects to have spent $ 753 million to modify the structure and outfit it for the Space Launch System, by the time of the Artemis 1 mission, according to reports from the Office of Inspector General, the Government Accountability Office, and NASA's fiscal year 2020 budget request
Agency officials have chosen to use the Ares 1 tower for the Space Launch System, because they estimated it would be less expensive than modifying a space shuttle launch platform or building a brand new structure
While the second Mobile Launcher will be bigger than the first, NASA officials expect it to be cheaper
"We have tons of lessons learned from this one," the former er said. "The ML-1 was not originally designed for SLS, so we had to do a lot of structural modifications, which added weight."
"We had to basically weld pieces on top of pieces to stiffen them more. With ML-2, we will not have to do that. We know what we're going for, we know what it's been designed for … We're hoping, even though it's going to be a little bit taller, we're hoping it'll be lighter. "
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