"Join Vietnam!" call about 30 students even harder. Their chant echoes at the three-story Paracel Islands Museum in Da Nang, which officials say cost the government of Vietnam $ 1.8 million.
Since opening in 2018, about half of its 40,000 visitors are students who can explore exhibits, including documents, maps and photographs, all curated to hammer home one point.
The Parassel Islands belong to Vietnam. Not for China.
Named by 16th-century Portuguese cartographers, Parcels are a collection of 130 small coral islands and reefs in the northwestern South China Sea. They maintain abundant marine life. But more than just being a rich fishing area, there is speculation that the islands could harvest potential energy reserves.
They have no locals to speak of, only the Chinese military garrisons number 1
There is no doubt that the Plots have been in Chinese hands for 45 years.
The conflict is rooted in history.
If anyone in Vietnam knows the importance of the Paracel Islands Museum, it is Tran Duck Anh Son.
One of the leading South China Sea experts in the country, he helped treat the museum's materials, including what he believed to be the earliest evidence of Vietnam's sovereignty over the Paracels: a 1686 map showing that the islands belong to the  Nguyen Dynasty, which governs much of modern-day Vietnam.
At the end of the 17th century, the Nguyen Dynasty sent a fleet of fishermen to Jui Hoang Sa, "to occupy these islands and collect edible bird nests and seafood to be returned to their masters," says Anh Son.
These fishermen gave their islands their Vietnamese name: Hoang Sa Archipelago. In 1816, King Jia Long of the Nguyen Dynasty formally annexed the Paracels, establishing Vietnam's sovereignty, says Anh Son.
But China says its claims to the islands can be traced back thousands of years.
"Chinese activities in the South China Sea date back more than 2000 years. China was the first country to discover, name, explore and exploit the resources of the South China Sea and the first to continuously exercise sovereign powers over them," the Foreign Ministry said. the country is said in a document dated 2014.
China calls the Paracels Islands Sisha.
Experts say it's more complicated than who first names or maps the area.
Mark Hoskin, a researcher at the Center for International Studies and Diplomacy at the University of London, says that independent records of 1823 show Chinese ships and fishermen in the Parcels.
And by law, says Hoskin, Vietnam may have abandoned any claim to the Plots in 1958, when the then Prime Minister of North Vietnam wrote a letter to the Chinese government saying that Hanoi "acknowledges and approves" the claims of Beijing for sovereignty over the South China Sea and its territories.
But others give legal rise to Vietnam, including Raul Pedroza, a former professor of international law at the US Naval War College.
Pedrose claims in a 2014 analysis of a CNA non-profit research organization that Vietnam showed a clear interest in sovereignty over the Paracels from the early 1700s onwards and maintained it during French colonial times during the first half of the 20th century and the 1954 division China and the subsequent unification of Vietnam in 1975.  China showed no real interest in sovereignty until 1909, when it sent a small fleet of naval vessels to inspect and mark markers on some of the islands, argues Pedroza.
Even then, the Chinese did not live there. while the Chinese occupation of Woody Island – the largest land mass in the Paracels – in 1956 and the rest of the archipelago in 1974 after a brief but bloody battle with the then South Vietnamese forces. But China's actions in both cases were in violation of the United Nations' restrictive power, which threatens the territorial integrity of another nation, Pedroza claims, and is not valid for defending sovereignty.
The 1974 battles that killed 53 South Vietnamese troops were highlighted at the Paracels Museum, detailing the battle, depictions of ships involved and photographs of those killed, testifying that "they gave to protect every inch of their homeland on the high seas. "
Of course, the Chinese version of events is that Beijing is taking back what rightfully belonged to China.
"It is also stated that they can extend their air power over the South China Sea as needed or desired," Schuster says.
And in Da Nang, just 375 kilometers directly west of Parcelel, this ranked.
Signed that the problem was not resolved
Outside the Paracel Islands Museum sits the fishing boat 90152 TS.
At first glance, it doesn't look much different than some of the other boats being repaired along the coastal highway. But inside the museum, visitors learn its history.
"90152 TCs are evidence of allegations of dishonest actions by China," a museum spokesman said in an email, explaining how China's larger steel body easily overcomes the smaller, ie. wooden Vietnamese.
The boat is a symbol of Vietnam's "determination" to defend its sovereignty over the islands, the spokesman added.
Beijing's version of the 90152 story is different.
According to the Chinese state news agency Xinhua, a Vietnamese vessel "chased" a Chinese fishing boat in waters near the Paracels. At that time, Xinhua reported that the Vietnamese boat overturned after jumping on a Chinese fishing boat.
This is the kind of incident that underscores how quickly things can
As China pushes its claims to offshore territory, it has built and consolidated islands in the Spratly chain – which has claims from Vietnam, Taiwan and the Philippines – while earlier this year it flooded boats and ships around the Philippines-controlled island of Titu.
And in an incident similar to the 2014 case, a Philippine fishing boat sank after colliding with a larger Chinese boat in early June. According to reports in Chinese state-owned media, a Chinese boat struck the Philippine boat as it quickly moved out of the area as its crew felt threatened by seven or eight Filipino boats that "besieged" it while fishing.
But the Philippine media rejected this, saying that a larger Chinese boat was trying to intimidate the Filipino.
He called the Chinese fishing fleet "the tip of the dagger of Beijing's efforts to dominate the neighboring waters."
Meanwhile, the South China Sea between Vietnam and China set off again this summer when a Chinese exploration ship and its escorts reached the Vietnam Exclusive Economic Zone – a 200-mile zone off the coast of the country where there are exclusive mineral rights – in They did.
It is estimated that there are significant gas and oil deposits in the area that Vietnam is trying to develop.
The leaders of Hanoi clearly express their dissatisfaction, with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on July 19 calling on all Chinese ships to leave Vietnam's waters.
Analysts say China's actions are disturbing.
Chinese aggressions in the South China Sea are tests from Beijing to see where all countries will go in support of "rule of law," she writes.
What can boost the island of Vietnam?
With its superior military and financial resources, China seemingly holds a hand in the fight for the South China Sea. Hanoi's search for Plots may be more mundane than practical.
"It's a bit of a mystery to me," says Bill Haighton, a fellow at the Asia-Pacific program at Chatham House in London. "Is the Vietnamese Communist Party really looking to bring back the islands? Do they expect to keep the population on the brink of nationalist hysteria indefinitely?"
Ben Bland, research director of the Southeast Asian Project at the Lowy Institute of Australia, says Vietnam uses "use it or lose it" practice. "Governments are keen to show that they administer these territories as a way to support or build a deeper framework around their territorial claims," Bland says.
And there are finer ways of making claims, he said. Like a museum.
But there seems to be little room for the intricacies of the Paracel Islands.
"The reality on the spot is that China has occupied the entire Paracel Group for 40 years and, if there is no military action by Vietnam to restore the archipelago, it will never leave," writes CNA senior associate Michael McDevit. this limits Hanoi's capabilities.
"Neither party is prepared to risk war to force the issue to end. The territorial claim is an endless journey, "according to Heaton.
Vietnamese expert Wihnam agrees Anh Sin.
" We can "We do not start a war with China because it would be absolutely devastating to our people," he said. "I know that China will not give in easily, but bringing a case against the International Tribunal is the only solution at the moment."
Vietnam does not restrict its propaganda campaign only to the Paracel Islands Museum.
In the imperial city of Hue, one of Vietnam's most popular tourist attractions in the historic capital a few hours north of Da Nang, there is a display of what Vietnam calls "China's oldest map of modern times."  In the Hue Citadel there is a map of what Vietnam calls “най-старата карта на съвременната Китай в Китай ”
” Това показва, че до началото на 20-ти век най-южната точка на територията на Китай е остров Хайнан и не се споменава нищо за архипелага Сиша и Нанша, които всъщност са Виетнам Хоанг Са ( Парацел) и архипелага Труон Са (Спрали), ” надписът на големия стенен дисплей чете. ” data-src-mini=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/190813163923-imperial-city-vietnam-south-china-sea-islands-map-small-169.jpg” data-src-xsmall=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/190813163923-imperial-city-vietnam-south-china-sea-islands-map-medium-plus-169.jpg” data-src-small=”http://cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/190813163923-imperial-city-vietnam-south-china-sea-islands-map-large-169.jpg” data-src-medium=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/190813163923-imperial-city-vietnam-south-china-sea-islands-map-exlarge-169.jpg” data-src-large=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/190813163923-imperial-city-vietnam-south-china-sea-islands-map-super-169.jpg” data-src-full16x9=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/190813163923-imperial-city-vietnam-south-china-sea-islands-map-full-169.jpg” data-src-mini1x1=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/190813163923-imperial-city-vietnam-south-china-sea-islands-map-small-11.jpg” data-demand-load=”not-loaded” data-eq-pts=”mini: 0, xsmall: 221, small: 308, medium: 461, large: 781″ src=”data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhEAAJAJEAAAAAAP///////wAAACH5BAEAAAIALAAAAAAQAAkAAAIKlI+py+0Po5yUFQA7″/>