Some people in the Northern Hemisphere will be able to catch the first of two solar eclipses this year on June 10.
This eclipse is an annular eclipse, which means that the Moon is far enough away from the Earth to appear smaller than the Sun.
When the moon crosses the paths with the fire star, it will look smaller than the sun, leaving room for bright light to shine around the edges. This is called the “ring of fire” and will be visible to some people in Greenland, northern Russia and Canada, NASA said.
Other countries in the Northern Hemisphere, including the United Kingdom and Ireland, will be able to see a partial eclipse, where the moon covers only part of the sun. The nail-shaped shade will cover a different percentage of sun depending on your location.
The Ring Road – which traces the location of the Ring of Fire – will begin over the northern United States and then cross the Arctic before ending in northeastern Russia, according to the Farmers’ Almanac.
When to see a solar eclipse
The moon will begin to cover the sun at 4:12 a.m. ET (1:42 p.m. IST in India) on June 10, according to the Farmer’s Almanac.
The annular eclipse begins at 5:50 ET (15:20 IST), is highest at 6:42 ET (16:12 IST) and ends at 7:34 ET. 04 IST). Finally, the partial eclipse ends at 9:11 a.m. ET (6:41 p.m. IST).
How to watch safely
Here are some additional safety tips to keep in mind, according to the American Astronomical Society:
- Always check the sunscreen before use; if it is scratched, punctured, torn or otherwise damaged, throw it away. Read and follow the instructions printed on or packaged with the filter.
- Always observe children using sunscreens.
- If you usually wear glasses, keep them. Place your sunglasses on them or hold your handheld viewer in front of them.
- Stand still and cover your eyes with your sunglasses or sunglasses before looking at the bright sun. After looking at the sun, turn around and remove your filter; do not remove it while watching the sun.
- Do not look at the unoccupied or partially obscured sun through an unfiltered camera, telescope, binoculars, or other optical device.
- Similarly, do not look at the sun through a camera, telescope, binoculars, or other optical device while using sunglasses or a hand-held sun viewer; concentrated sunlight can damage the filter and enter your eyes, causing serious injury.
- Seek expert advice from an astronomer before using a sunscreen with a camera, telescope, binoculars or other optical device; note that solar filters must be attached to the front of any telescope, binoculars, camera lens, or other optics.
Solar and lunar eclipses
After the solar eclipse on June 10, the next opportunity to see an eclipse will come only on November 19. This partial lunar eclipse can be seen by sky watchers in North America and Hawaii between 1 a.m. ET and 7:06 a.m. ET.
And the year will end with a total solar eclipse on December 4. It will not be visible in North America, but those in the Falkland Islands, southern Africa, Antarctica and southeastern Australia will be able to spot it.
Here’s what else you can look forward to in 2021.
Typically for a normal year, 2021 will have 12 full moons. (There were 13 full moons last year, two of which were in October.)
June 24 – strawberry moon
July 23 – Buck Luna
August 22 – sturgeon moon
September 20 – harvest moon
October 20 – lunar hunter
November 19 – Beaver Moon
December 18 – cold moon
Be sure to check for the other names of these moons attributed to their respective Indian tribes.
Delta aquariums are best seen from the southern tropics and will peak between July 28 and 29, when the moon is 74% full.
Interestingly, the same meteor shower peaked the same night – Alpha Capricornids. It is a much weaker shower, but is known to produce some bright fireballs during its peak. Carpicornids will be visible to everyone, no matter which side of the equator you are on.
The Perseid meteor shower, the most popular of the year, will peak between August 11 and 12 in the Northern Hemisphere, when the moon is only 13% full.
October 8: Draconids
October 21: Orionids
November 4 to 5: Southern Taurides
November 11 to 12: Northern Taurids
November 17: Leonids
December 13-14: Geminids
December 22: Ursidi
It is possible to see most of them with the naked eye, except for distant Neptune, but binoculars or a telescope will provide the best view.
Mercury will appear as a bright star in the morning sky from June 27 to July 16 and from October 18 to November 1. The planet will shine in the night sky from August 31 to September 21 and from November 29 to December 31.
Venus, our closest neighbor in the solar system, is seen in the western sky in the evening until December 31. This is the second brightest object in our sky, after the moon.
Mars makes its reddish appearance in the morning sky between November 24 and December 31 and will appear in the evening sky until August 22.
Jupiter, the largest planet in our solar system, is the third brightest object in our sky. The giant will be on display in the morning sky until August 19. Look for it in the evening from August 20 to December 31 – but it will be brightest from August 8 to September 2.
Saturn’s rings can only be seen through a telescope, but the planet itself can still be seen with the naked eye in the morning until August 1 and in the evening from August 2 to December 31. It will be brightest in the first four days of August.
Binoculars or a telescope will help you notice the green glow of Uranus in the morning from May 16 to November 3 and in the evenings from November 4 to December 31. The planet will be brightest between August 28 and December 31.
And our most distant neighbor in the solar system, Neptune, will be visible through the telescope in the morning until September 13 and in the evening from September 14 to December 31. The planetary outcome will be brightest between July 19 and November 8.