Home https://server7.kproxy.com/servlet/redirect.srv/sruj/smyrwpoii/p2/ Health https://server7.kproxy.com/servlet/redirect.srv/sruj/smyrwpoii/p2/ Spiking has declined in America, studies find, but pediatricians are worried about the impact of the pandemic

Spiking has declined in America, studies find, but pediatricians are worried about the impact of the pandemic

“This article is really impressive … and corresponds to our view that there has been a generational change,” said pediatrician for violence against children, Dr. Robert Sege, lead author of the American Academy of Pediatrics’ political statement on corporal punishment.

“Younger people tend not to hit their children,” said Sege, who was not involved in the new study. “As we wake up to the issue of domestic violence and intimate partner violence, all forms of domestic violence, including slaps, are increasingly being rejected.”

The new analysis uses data from the Monitoring the Future study, a national survey of 25 consecutive groups of high school graduates between 1

993 and 2017. Each group was re-evaluated 17 years later, at around 35 years of age. The study excludes those without children or with older children and focuses on parents with at least one biological child, adopted child or adopted child ages 2 to 12 living at home part-time or full-time.

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Approximately 50% of parents reported spitting on a child in 1993; By 2017, this number has dropped to 35%. Although great news, this number is still too high by the standards set by the American Academy of Pediatrics in 2018.

The pediatric group suggests that adults caring for children use “healthy forms of discipline” – such as positive reinforcement of appropriate behavior, setting limits and setting expectations – and not using crack, punching, slapping, threatening, insulting, humiliation or shame.

“Parents should never hit their child and never use verbal insults that would humiliate or embarrass the child,” said Sage, who runs the Center for Community Medicine at Tufts University in Boston.

Pandemic stress

Schools, post-secondary programs and day centers are usually the “canaries in my” reporters of potential domestic violence.

The law is required to report signs of abuse, such as bruises, cuts, broken bones and emotional signals, and society relies on the mandate. reporters such as teachers and childcare workers to alert the authorities and launch investigations. (Doctors, nurses and police officers are also hired reporters.)

About half of the world's teenagers experience peer violence in and around school, says UNICEF
The pandemic has closed many of these reporting channels, leaving children’s advocates in the dark about what might be happening at home. A preliminary study in the first six weeks of the pandemic from Rapid assessment of the impact of the pandemic on development or RAPID, A project by the University of Oregon found an immediate increase in both the stress of caregivers and the emotional and behavioral problems in children.

Since then, emotional and mental difficulties seem to have eased children and their parents, the study found, with key exceptions: indicators of stress in lower-income households and single parents continue to increase as the weeks go by; often the impact was most difficult for people with color.

To uncover what’s happening across the country, in August the American Academy of Pediatrics and Child Prevention will launch a longitudinal study of how parents across the country are coping.

“Are we really planning to look deeply into what positive experiences children get? What are their adverse experiences and how do parenting practices change during all of this?” said Sage.

When it comes to school, rough parenting can backfire

“All of us who take care of children are very concerned about what will happen if the additional benefits, unemployment benefits and all these things no longer exist,” he added. “As far as families are able to cope, it’s because they have economic support – they don’t evict them. They can get food at their tables.”

Cracking increases violence against children

Ensuring that Americans do not return to corporal punishment is key, experts say. An increasing number of studies show that the final results of corporal punishment may not be positive.

“The point of disciplining a child is to teach that child self-regulation when mom and dad aren’t around,” Sage said. “Spraying doesn’t do that.”

A meta-analysis of 75 dissemination studies found that it contributes to aggression, mental health and social behavior problems, and antisocial behavior in adult-borne children.
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Other studies have found that children who are corporally punished also experience academic problems in schools and cognitive deficits and are more likely to be violent towards women later in life.
“What you see is a positive link between dispersal and higher levels of behavioral problems. If it was effective, you have to see the exact opposite, “Rebecca Ryan, a developmental psychologist and associate professor at Georgetown University, told CNN in a previous interview.

Data from around the world support this position.

Young people are less violent, where corporal punishment is prohibited, found an analysis for 2018 of data from 88 countries, territories and protectorate countries.
“Societies that have these bans seem to be safer places to raise children,” said study lead author Frank Elgar, an associate professor at the Institute for Health and Social Policy at McGill University in Montreal.

Many argue that corporal punishment is necessary, Seage said, to “teach a child to be wrong, and if we do not use corporal punishment, children will go wild.”

If right, Seag said, “you would expect the international result to be more youth violence once a country bans corporal punishment. This is not the evidence here.

“When parents and schools model violence, the tendency is to increase children’s desire to fight, to be physically abused,” he said.

“My hope is that studies like these will convince people to scream and other punishments are not necessary for raising well-behaved children.”

CNN’s Jacqueline Howard contributed to this report.

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