“This article is really impressive … and corresponds to our view that there has been a generational change,” said pediatrician for violence against children, Dr. Robert Sege, lead author of the American Academy of Pediatrics’ political statement on corporal punishment.
“Younger people tend not to hit their children,” said Sege, who was not involved in the new study. “As we wake up to the issue of domestic violence and intimate partner violence, all forms of domestic violence, including slaps, are increasingly being rejected.”
The new analysis uses data from the Monitoring the Future study, a national survey of 25 consecutive groups of high school graduates between 1
Approximately 50% of parents reported spitting on a child in 1993; By 2017, this number has dropped to 35%. Although great news, this number is still too high by the standards set by the American Academy of Pediatrics in 2018.
The pediatric group suggests that adults caring for children use “healthy forms of discipline” – such as positive reinforcement of appropriate behavior, setting limits and setting expectations – and not using crack, punching, slapping, threatening, insulting, humiliation or shame.
“Parents should never hit their child and never use verbal insults that would humiliate or embarrass the child,” said Sage, who runs the Center for Community Medicine at Tufts University in Boston.
Schools, post-secondary programs and day centers are usually the “canaries in my” reporters of potential domestic violence.
The law is required to report signs of abuse, such as bruises, cuts, broken bones and emotional signals, and society relies on the mandate. reporters such as teachers and childcare workers to alert the authorities and launch investigations. (Doctors, nurses and police officers are also hired reporters.)
Since then, emotional and mental difficulties seem to have eased children and their parents, the study found, with key exceptions: indicators of stress in lower-income households and single parents continue to increase as the weeks go by; often the impact was most difficult for people with color.
To uncover what’s happening across the country, in August the American Academy of Pediatrics and Child Prevention will launch a longitudinal study of how parents across the country are coping.
“Are we really planning to look deeply into what positive experiences children get? What are their adverse experiences and how do parenting practices change during all of this?” said Sage.
“All of us who take care of children are very concerned about what will happen if the additional benefits, unemployment benefits and all these things no longer exist,” he added. “As far as families are able to cope, it’s because they have economic support – they don’t evict them. They can get food at their tables.”
Cracking increases violence against children
Ensuring that Americans do not return to corporal punishment is key, experts say. An increasing number of studies show that the final results of corporal punishment may not be positive.
“The point of disciplining a child is to teach that child self-regulation when mom and dad aren’t around,” Sage said. “Spraying doesn’t do that.”
Data from around the world support this position.
Many argue that corporal punishment is necessary, Seage said, to “teach a child to be wrong, and if we do not use corporal punishment, children will go wild.”
If right, Seag said, “you would expect the international result to be more youth violence once a country bans corporal punishment. This is not the evidence here.
“When parents and schools model violence, the tendency is to increase children’s desire to fight, to be physically abused,” he said.
“My hope is that studies like these will convince people to scream and other punishments are not necessary for raising well-behaved children.”
CNN’s Jacqueline Howard contributed to this report.