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Superbugs and antivaxxers make WHO's list of 10 global health threats



And if these threats are not addressed, millions of lives will be endangered.

Here is a picture of 10 urgent health issues, according to the UN's public health agency:

One of the most controversial recent health issues in the United States is already an international concern.

  NY struggling with the largest outbreak of measles & in the newest history of the state as a global case

"Vaccination – reluctance or refusal to vaccinate despite the presence of vaccines – threatens to reverse the progress made in combating vaccine-preventable diseases," said the WHO . "Vaccination is one of the most cost-effective ways to avoid the disease – it currently prevents 2-3 million deaths a year, and an additional 1.5 million can be avoided if the global coverage of vaccination improves."

The health agency has cited the latest 30% global increase in measles cases – a disease that has almost been destroyed in some countries.

"The reasons for this rise are complex and not all of these cases are due to fluctuations in the vaccine," the WHO said. "However, some countries that have been close to eradicating the disease have seen a revival." There is a dark side of the incredible success of antibiotics, antivirals and antimalarials: The excessive use of such treatments has led to drug-resistant superconsumer.

"Now is the time with these medicines," the WHO said. "Antimicrobial resistance – the ability of bacteria, parasites, viruses and fungi to resist these drugs – threatens to bring us back to the time when we could not easily cure infections such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, gonorrhea and salmonellosis

  Superbugs kill 33,000 in Europe every year

About 1.6 million people die each year from tuberculosis and many patients suffer because antibiotics do not work [19659902] "In 2017, around 600,000 cases of tuberculosis were resistant to rifampicin – at the most the first-line active drug – and 82% of these people had multidrug-resistant tuberculosis, "said WHO.

The Agency said it was working on a plan to combat antimicrobial resistance by raising awareness, reducing infections and promoting prudent use of

Contaminated air kills 7 million people every year and about 90% of people Now breathe, said WHO.

"Microscopic airborne pollutants can penetrate the respiratory and circulatory systems, damage the lungs, heart and brain, killing 7 million people prematurely each year from diseases such as cancer, stroke, heart and lung disease," the agency said.

  Climate change: Do you know the basics?
Climate change can also lead to extreme drought – which is one reason many Americans from Central America flee to the United States

Another global pandemic

] WHO said he believes the world will face another flu pandemic – oeto not know is when it will hit and how severe it will be. "

In the United States alone, at least 13 children have died of influenza this season.

The predominant H1N1 strain this year is also known as swine flu. It disproportionally affects children and adults under the age of 50, says Dr. William Schaffner, a professor at the Medical Center at Vanderbilt University.

He said this was because such strains were circulating about 40 to 50 years ago.

"Elderly people may have been infected with cousins ​​of H1N1 years ago, and that gives them residual protection," says Schaffner.

WHO says it constantly monitors the flu virus circulation to detect potential pandemic strains. It reports that 153 institutions in 114 countries participate in global surveillance and response

Crises in vulnerable places

  Severe floods and near-frosting lead to agony and death in Syrian refugee camps

A 8-year-old Syrian refugee recently died in a storm after the girl fell into a river and drowned.

Just as we thought of the Ebola mostly under control, two separate outbreaks of Ebola destroyed parts of the Democratic Republic of Congo last year.

Both outbreaks have spread to cities with more than 1 million people, the UN health agency said.

"This shows that the context in which an outbreak of a high-risk pathogen such as Ebola erupts is critical – what has happened in rural areas in the past does not always refer to densely populated urban areas or areas affected by conflicts ,

In addition to Ebola, scientists have prioritized several other hemorrhagic fevers, Zica, Nipa, Middle Eastern respiratory syndrome, coronavirus (MERS-CoV), and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS),

diseases

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"This includes 15 million people dying prematurely between the ages of 30 and 69," the WHO said.

"The rise of these diseases is due to five major risk factors: tobacco use, physical inactivity, harmful alcohol use, unhealthy diets and air pollution." Dengue

Something as simple as a mosquito bite could be deadly in the case of dengue, which has been "a growing threat for decades," the WHO said.

  How climate change can put us in greater danger of dengue fever ["About40%oftheworldhasariskofdenguefeverandthereareabout390millioninfectionsayear"saidWHO

Dengue causes flu-like symptoms and can kill up to 20% of those with "Many cases occur in rainy seasons in countries like Bangladesh and India. its season in these countries is significantly prolonged … and the disease spreads in less tropical and more moderate countries. "

For granted, the lack of adequate primary care is widespread in many parts of the world

" Primary health care can respond to most of the health needs of a person in "However, many countries do not have adequate facilities for primary health care."

HIV

Good news: We have made much progress in testing and treating HIV About 22 million people are currently being treated for HIV, say WHO, and others who are at risk of HIV infection, are taking antiretroviral drugs to prevent infection. "Still, the epidemic continues to rage with almost one million people each year dying of HIV / AIDS," the WHO said. HIV-infected group are young girls and women (aged 15-24) who are particularly risky and make up 1 in 4 HIV infections in Africa to the south of the Sahara, although they are only 10% of the population, "Who said.

The agency said this year will work with countries to promote self-testing so that people who have HIV can learn their status and receive treatment.

The WHO and the International Labor Organization will also support companies and organizations to offer self-tests of HIV at work.

Elizabeth Cohen and Tamara Kiblau from CNN contributed to this report.


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