The results of a new study involving survivors of firearms will hardly surprise you – but they are no less depressing. This suggests that many survivors are left physically and mentally devastated by their experiences, even years later.
For their new job published on Wednesday at JAMA Surgery, researchers conducted interviews with over 180 survivors of firearms who were treated at a local trauma center Most of the men were in their 20s at the time of the shooting. On average, patients contacted about six years after their injury.
Although this is not the first study examining the long-term health status of trauma survivors, the authors say that there is relatively less focus specifically on survivors of firearms. And fewer studies still rely on patient interviews.
Compared to their lives, before being shot, they found that people were more likely to lose their jobs and use alcohol and other drugs. Almost half are also positive for post-traumatic stress disorder. And compared to the general population, the survivors are generally with poor physical and mental health.
"In addition, these effects do not appear to improve over time, nor are they limited to those with critical injuries requiring admission to a hospital or intensive care unit," the authors wrote.
sobers such as these discoveries come with some limitations. The team initially tried to reach over 2500 patients, but only called 263 . This group was then further deleted to include only victims of abuse, while victims of self-harm, whether accidentally or not, were not interviewed at all. Non-responders may be different in important ways for those who are willing to be questioned. And researchers were unable to obtain information on people's socio-economic status or educational level, both factors that could obviously influence how easily one can recover from a traumatic event, such as being shot.
But this is clear, the authors wrote that "the long-term effects of a firearm injury outweigh the mortality and economic burden." all survivors can benefit from long-term care to improve their chances of recovery. after the injury, said the team .  As a result of their research, the authors also say that they have set up a program at their local trauma clinic to identify and track survivors of firearms. The program is intended to facilitate the tracking of human health over time and provide ongoing physical and mental health support.