There is no doubt in most scientific predictions that climate change will affect every country in the world, but its impact will not be felt equally.
Countries most likely to suffer in the fight against climate change are often the poorest and least developed on the planet, as they lack the resources and infrastructure to bounce back after catastrophic weather events. This was suggested by the University of Notre Dame ND-Gain Index – a report analyzing 181 countries on the basis of various factors that contribute to vulnerability to climate change, as well as their readiness to adapt to a warming planet. Factors considered include health care, food supplies and government stability.
A group called Eco experts examines Notre Dame data to come up with a list of countries most likely to survive the effects of climate change, taking into account factors such as the amount of carbon dioxide emitted each year by 1
What they found was that the list of the top 10 was filled by countries in sub-Saharan Africa, with Somalia identified as the least likely country to survive climate change. These countries have fared poorly due to poor infrastructure, unstable governance, lack of health care and food and water shortages.
The least vulnerable countries were largely Scandinavian and relatively wealthy, with unified governments setting high goals for future carbon neutrality. The findings also underscore the need for these richer and more established countries to support the world’s most vulnerable countries moving forward.
“With climate change described as one of the greatest challenges of our time, the impact of destructive changes in temperature, rainfall and agriculture will affect every country. These findings highlight the need for richer, more technologically advanced countries. to help less developed countries, “said an environmental researcher Jonathan Whiting. “Ultimately, there will be no winners from the impact of climate change, every country will be affected in some way. How much depends on the decisions now made by world leaders.”
Leading countries ranked for resilience to climate change
The Nordic country consistently ranks high when it comes to its ability to cope with climate change, and in 2020 Norway presented its enhanced Paris Agreement target of reducing emissions by at least 50% below 1990 levels. until 2020, Norway also continues to lead with its record share of electric cars – in 2019, the share of electric vehicles sold in the country increased to a whopping 42 percent.
Walking around the country, it is clear to understand what Norway’s priorities are, as intelligent street lights illuminate the pavements and automatically reduce the level of illumination in many homes and buildings when no one is around to save energy.
2. New Zealand
New Zealand, like many other countries, has an interest in mitigating climate change. But the country of Oceania has a special reason: its wealth largely depends on natural resources. Agricultural goods, timber products, fishing and tourism are important for the country’s economic health, and economists say nearly 80 percent of those exports are sensitive to climate change.
The country’s social system is projected to cope well with the threat of climate change, with its significant component of social well-being and minimal to non-existent levels of corruption and abuse in its state system. At the end of 2019, New Zealand passed a law setting a net zero target for all greenhouse gases by 2050, with the exception of biogenic methane, which is emitted mainly by sheep and cattle.
Finland’s climate policy is often advertised for its bilateral approach, aimed both at reducing greenhouse gas emissions and developing the bioeconomy. The European country’s climate change law implements a policy that aims to reduce emissions by a staggering 80 percent by 2050, and the more immediate targets for 2030 are aimed at reducing emissions in transport, housing and agriculture.
The country’s vast forest areas and renewable biomass reserves have also become a major focus in energy production in the coming decades, as the use of wood energy now accounts for almost 25% of its total energy consumption. Finland has also launched the Cleantech initiative, which provides incentives for sustainable consumption, production and innovation.
The new aggressive climate law was passed by the Danish parliament last December, aimed at reducing the country’s carbon emissions by 70% from 1990 levels by 2030. The country’s long-term goals include carbon neutrality by 2050.
Under the law, the government will be responsible for these goals by setting a legally binding target for emissions in sectors of the economy every five years, and Parliament can force the Minister of Climate and Energy to resign if insufficient progress is made.
The Scandinavian country of Sweden in terms of climate includes a reduction of emissions by 59 percent compared to the levels from 2005 to 2030, and emissions from domestic transport should be reduced by an even higher 70 percent by the same year. Sweden has also transcended and set up a council of climate policy experts in an attempt to further mitigate emissions.
The country’s clean energy sector has made huge strides, as renewable energy sources such as hydropower and biofuels now account for 54% of Sweden’s energy consumption. His efforts to educate the public on climate issues are also helping, as a survey found that 26% of Swedes cite climate change and the state of the environment as a cause for concern, compared to the EU average of only 6%.
The small, landlocked country of Switzerland was in fact the first in the world to present a formal plan to reduce emissions by 2030 to the UN in 2015, months before the Paris climate deal was even adopted. They recently confirmed their plans to reach zero zero emissions by 2050, joining only a few other countries that have communicated with the UN this year.
Technological Singapore is certainly not isolated from the deteriorating effects of climate change, its average annual temperatures and sea levels have been rising over the past few decades. The Singapore Meteorological Service’s Climate Research Center suggests that floods could increase by nearly 4 meters at worst, taking into account effects such as storms – an increase that would flood cities from New York to Shanghai and London if repeated worldwide. To combat these projected effects, Singapore is developing a $ 72 billion plan to protect against rising temperatures and floods.
The Austrian Greens had a string of victories earlier this year after weeks of talks with Sebastian Kurz, the leader of the conservative Austrian People’s Party. The result is a coalition deal in which the Greens will head four ministries, including those in charge of the environment and justice. Austria will now strive for carbon neutrality by 2040 and set a price for CO2 emissions.
By 2030, all of Austria’s electricity is expected to be produced from renewable energy sources, and the cost of flights will be increased in an attempt to get more citizens to travel by train.
Last August, the small Scandinavian country in Iceland held a funeral for the Okyokul Glacier, the first Icelandic glacier lost due to the effects of climate change. Iceland is now aiming for carbon neutrality before 2040 and is seeking to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 40% by 2030 under the Paris Agreement. The climate action plan shall contain at least 48 planned actions to help it achieve its emission reduction and carbon neutrality targets.
Despite the fact that Germany is ranked As one of the countries hardest hit by climate change in 2018, the European country is aiming to become neutral by 2050, with a preliminary target of reducing emissions by at least 55% before 2030 compared to 1990 levels. .
The country only adopted its first national climate law last year, which sets annual targets for reducing individual sectors such as industry and transport by 2030. In the event that a target is missed or exceeded, the law states that the difference will be evenly distributed over the remaining annual emission budgets in the sector until 2030