A mother has bared the "brutal reality" of raising her son after being damaged by exposure to alcohol in the womb.
Judith Knox says her 1
It is estimated that about 172,000 people may be affected by the disorder in Scotland. properly diagnosed.
FASD is a general term that describes the unfavorable physical and emotional states that affect people whose mother had drunk during pregnancy and a new helpdesk for parents and carers called FASD Hub Scotland. late, according to Ms. Knox, based in Fife, who told BBC Scotland that she did not want to name her son or identify him with recent photos.
She told BBC Scotland: "It puts a lot of work on the family, your parenting is always checked and he just wants 100% of your attention, 100% of the time."
51-year old and her ex-husband adopt his son seven months, and he quickly begins to have some worrying behavior.
This involves biting his fingers while bleeding in an attempt to repel sleep, picking gypsum from eating walls, and ignoring the range of toys his family has bought.
Her son was eventually diagnosed with FASD at the age of six, after the doctors initially mistakenly thought they had attention deficit hyperactivity. But his behavior continued to push his family to their limits.
"It was difficult then, and it's still difficult," said Mrs. Knox.  "Sometimes you go around hiding bruises, that's the brutal reality." "He has huge problems with social interaction, it is very intense, and many children find it difficult.
"He can also engage in risky behavior due to his disability due to lack of control of the impulse and can lead the way of vulnerability."
She added: "People stopped and took videos from my
" If we go out for the day, we need to have Plan B, C, D and E. "
Why drinking during pregnancy is so bad "The NHS recommends the safest approach for pregnant women not to drink alcohol at all, in order to minimize the risks to babies."
Risks arise when alcohol passes through the placenta from mother to developing fetus, the germ can not process alcohol while the liver does not develop completely and the high levels of alcohol can rise
It is believed that fetuses are most threatened during the first three months of pregnancy when organs are formed but damage can occur at any time FASD may have a number of questions such as differences in the features of the person, as well as difficulties in learning and behavior
the frequency of autism, but it often remains undiagnosed or is not understood by both doctors and the public. Children who take care of or are adopted are at a significantly increased risk of FASD, with 75% of children going to adoption with a history of exposure to alcohol during pregnancy, according to figures from the Scottish government.
Ms. Knox said, despite the serious challenges with her son's behavior, he remains very caring and describes him as "charming and very funny."
She added a teenager who is a resident of a specialized school, playing drums and guitar when he is the happiest. Looking into the future, she said her aspirations for it were simple. "I hope he can set the time, cope with the money and be safe and not get into a bad situation," she said.
"We Can not Treat FASD"
FASD Hub Scotland will provide direct support services. for people affected or living with FASD.
Ms. Knox, who will work on the new service launched by Adoption UK Scotland, said it would be of great help to people in her situation.
has no status information or where can I go for help and advice, "she said. "At that time I knew there was no other parent or guardian in the same position and I felt very alone and isolated." if proper support is provided at the right time. "
The Support Office received £ 140,000 from the Scottish Government
Public Health Minister Joe FitzPatrick said," FASD diagnosis is difficult for families and we can not underestimate the challenges that each diagnosis carries. "It is vitally important to recognize the needs of this group of children and young people and to ensure that they and their families have the right support when they need it most."