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Home https://server7.kproxy.com/servlet/redirect.srv/sruj/smyrwpoii/p2/ Health https://server7.kproxy.com/servlet/redirect.srv/sruj/smyrwpoii/p2/ The climate crisis will have a profound impact on the health of every child living today, the report said

The climate crisis will have a profound impact on the health of every child living today, the report said



If the world continues to produce the same amount of carbon emissions, a child born today may live in a world with an average temperature of 7.2 degrees Fahrenheit (4 degrees Celsius) warmer by the 71st birthday. according to a report published Wednesday by medical journal The Lancet.

The difference of 7.2 degrees in every day may not sound like much, but as an average temperature rise will be detrimental to our health.

"Business as usual, a trajectory will lead to a radically changed world," the report said. "The lives of every child born today will be greatly influenced by climate change. Without accelerated intervention, this new era will come to determine the health of people at every stage of their lives."

A warmer world means more illness, starvation, early death from natural disasters such as fire and heatwave, and more mental health problems. All will be affected, but the most vulnerable will be disproportionately at risk: children, the elderly, people with basic health conditions and the poor.

"The public does not fully see this as a crisis of human health. Perhaps polar bears were our early indicator ̵
1; the proverbial canary in the coal mine. But when you talk about this crisis, bear images should be replaced with pictures of children." said Dr. Jonathan Pac, professor and director of the Global Institute of Health at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, who did not participate in the new report.

'Children suffer from the climate crisis. They suffer from asthma, diarrheal disease, dengue fever. It is so important for society to understand the climate crisis is an absolutely human health crisis. "

However, the report says that if the world takes bold action to curb carbon emissions, this dire future could be avoided.

What can the climate crisis solve [19659009]" for emergency medicine the most difficult cases for help are those that are not treated, but in this case we have treatment available, "says Dr. Rene Salas, lead author of the report. Salas is a clinical emergency medicine instructor at Harvard School and Emergency Physician at Massachusetts General Hospital.

"Treatment" is set out in the objectives of the Paris Climate Agreement. To limit warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius, global greenhouse gas emissions must be reduced by at least 45% of 2010 levels. by 2030. They should have reached zero by 2050.
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The Parties will need to riemat bold steps to get there, says the report.

A child born in London today will no longer use coal-produced electricity until its 6th birthday if the UK fulfills its climate target. [19659003] A child born in France today will not drive a gas or diesel car until his 21st birthday if the country meets its climate target.

The report suggests that there is "inadequate" global progress.

Global coal production globally, for example, is declining, but from 2016 to 2018 total primary energy supply from coal has risen by 1.7%. Global fossil fuel subsidies have increased by 50% over the last 3 years.

President Donald Trump has begun the formal withdrawal of the United States from the Paris Climate Agreement. In the United States, carbon dioxide emissions have increased by 2.8% in 2018 – the biggest increase since 2010, the report found.
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"The world has yet to receive a response from governments that is up to the scale of the challenge," said Pacz, a member of the National Academy of Medicine, whose pioneering research has shown the health risks of the climate crisis.

Renewable energy prices make them competitive with fossil fuels, but "ironically, this report shows that too many countries continue to subsidize fossil fuels," said Pac. "It's a very worrying time. It's a matter of urgency. And the health benefits of clean energy far outweigh the investment costs. "

Reasons for Hope

The report finds some reasons to be

China, for example, continues to reduce its dependence on coal for electricity generation Yes
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Europe has noticed improvements in air pollution levels from 2015 to 2016.

More people drive electric cars globally – 20.6% increase between 2015 and 2016, accounting for 1.8% of total transportation fuel use in China, the report found.

Health systems are planning a climate crisis, with 50% of countries stating that they have plans and risk assessments in place for continued work. The cost of financing adaptation to the healthcare system has increased by 11.8% over the last 12 months, the report found.

However, the climate crisis has already brought some serious health problems to the world.

Air Pollution

Warmer temperatures make air pollution a much bigger problem, according to the report.

Pollution damages the lungs, your heart, and can adversely affect any other vital organ. The impact accumulates over time, leading to problems later in life as well as problems such as asthma in the immediate future.
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In 2018, temperatures were already well suited to the spread of a specific type of bacteria that cause most of the infection the world's wound and diarrheal disease in the world.

The same year is considered the second most hospitable climate for the spread of dengue fever. According to the report, nine of the 10 most favorable years for the spread of this disease have occurred since 2000.

Natural disasters

Heat waves have become a problem for the population in every region since 1990. until 2018. In 2018 alone, there were 220 million heat exposures worldwide. According to the report, this is from the previous record of 209 million exposures in 2015.

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Heat waves become longer and more frequent and can significantly increase a person's risk of death from exposure. Babies, children, pregnant women and the elderly are particularly vulnerable to heat related issues such as heat stroke, hyperthermia and heat exhaustion.

Heat waves also threaten workers. US workers, especially those in agriculture and industry, lost nearly 1.4 billion potential working hours between 2000-2018 and 81.4 million hours in 2018 alone from extreme heat, the report found.

Wildfires

Wildfires also became a bigger problem from 2001 to 2014 and the threat is growing. At that time, 77% of countries saw an increase in the number of people exposed to fires.
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"It's important to keep in mind: Not only are there immediate risks of fires – including death and displacement – but there are longer-term effects of breathing these air pollutants, including heart and lung diseases," Karen Solomon, MD, Assistant Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School Liverpool, a doctor at Brigham and Women Hospital. "There are also associations with adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as preterm birth – not to mention the main effects on mental health." Solomon does not work on this report but has done other work on climate change and health.

"Often these issues do not receive much attention because they are related to climate change," she said. "We focus on the immediate ones, but they have negative health effects in the long run."

Where do we go from here?

More than 120 experts from 35 agencies and institutions worldwide are working on the new report. Scientists hope that policymakers will use this annual assessment of the climate crisis to prevent this serious threat to public health.

"I think that raising awareness through rigorous science can only be of benefit to politicians and the society at large, as it can lead to sound policy. This would be politically possible. This report contributes to this important discussion, "said Todd Pugach, an associate professor at Oregon State University who is not working on the report. The Pugatch study on the climate crisis found that natural disasters are likely to be 52% more deadly if the climate crisis sees the most

"The more we contribute to this rigorous evidence base of the real threat of the climate crisis, we hope it will have political impact," he said.


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