ROME – Since the Consistory of the New Cardinals in early October, Pope Francis will select more than half of the men who will enter the Sistine Chapel to choose his successor.
Despite what the critics of Francis did on social media on September 1 for him, he created the college to choose a successor just like him, it must be remembered that then Archbishop Jorge Mario Bergoglio was created Cardinal by St. John Paul II. And he was elected pope in 2013 in a conclave, where 42 percent of the cardinals elected were cardinals created by John Paul and the remaining 58 percent of voters were named by Pope Benedict XVI.
Personal opinions about the needs of the Church at any given time and who would be the best person to lead are obviously in play in a conclave. But the cardinals also refer to the inspiration of the Holy Spirit and give a very solemn oath when casting their ballot papers: to be elected. ”
After arriving late for lunchtime reciting the Angelus prayer on September 1
Ten of his chosen prelates are under the age of 80 and will therefore have the right to vote in a conclave to elect a pope. The Cardinal, who turns 80 before the papacy is vacant, attends preliminary council meetings to discuss the needs of the Church, but does not process the Sistine Chapel and does not provide newsletters for a new pope.
Prohibits death or resignation. , after the new cardinals receive their red hats in early October, the College of Cardinals will have 128 members eligible for conclave voting. Within 10 days of the consistory, four cardinals will celebrate their 80th birthday, leaving 124 chosen.
Of these 124, Francis will make 66 of them cardinals, which is 53 percent of the elect. Other electors will include 16 cardinals created by John Paul II and 42 by the now retired Benedict XVI.
While the majority in the next conclave will have Francis to thank for the red hats and new responsibilities, in order to elect a Pope candidate they must receive two-thirds of the vote. Announcing the new cardinals, Francis said that they exemplified the "missionary calling of the Church that continues to proclaim the merciful love of God to all men and women on earth."
Commitment to the poor, care for migrants and care dialogue with all people are characteristics that are many in the group of 13 shares.
Among the more than 80 cardinals is the Lithuanian Archbishop Sigitas Tamkevichus, who a year ago joined Francis on a prayer tour of the former KGB headquarters in Vilnius.
The Archbishop was imprisoned from 1983 to 1988 for "anti-Soviet propaganda." As a Jesuit priest in 1972, he began publishing the Chronicle of the Catholic Church in Lithuania, an underground newsletter documenting the Communist crackdown on the Church. Despite repeated questioning by the KGB, he has been able to publish and disseminate the chronicle more than 10 years and after his arrest, others continue their work.
One of the new Cardinal elects will be Guatemalan Bishop Alvaro Ramazini Immeri of Huehuetenango, a human rights defender whose support for environmental activists has won him death threats.
Two Roman Curia officers eavesdropping on becoming cardinals to occupy positions that would be considered automatic red-hat posts before Francis takes office: Spanish Bishop Miguel Angel Ayuso Guixot, 67, President of the Pontifical a council for inter-religious dialogue; and Portuguese Archbishop Jose Tolentino Madonna, 53, a Vatican archivist and librarian.
The surprising choice of the Curia is Jesuit Father Michael Cherney, one of the two under-secretaries for migrants and refugees in the Dicasteria for the promotion of integrated human development. Born in Czechoslovakia in 1949 and who migrated with his family to Canada when he was 2 years old, Cherni worked at various social justice ministries in Canada, Central America and Africa before coming to the Vatican.
According to canon law, he will need to be ordained a bishop before receiving his red hat on October 5, though he may seek release. He did not answer on 1 September a question about his possible ordination.
The election of Francis continues to pay little attention to the large archdioceses traditionally led by cardinals such as Milan and Venice. But he will give a red hat to Archbishop Matteo Zupi of Bologna, Italy, where all but one of the archbishops in the last 400 years have been cardinals. The only exception was Archbishop Enrico Manfredini, who headed the archbishopric for only eight months in 1983, before dying at the age of 61.
When selecting Cardinals, Francis made a point to increase the geographical profile of the College of Cardinals. The conclave that selected it included participants from 48 countries; The 128 electives in Extended College will include overlays from 68 countries.
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