Incredible explosion of the sun helps scientists discover new information about what causes powerful solar flares and how we can predict them better in the future.
As early as March 2016, scientists used the NASA Solar Dynamics Observatory and the Solar and Heliospheric Community Observatory, a joint mission of NASA and the European Space Agency (ESA), to observe a dramatic explosion of the sun. The event showed the characteristics of three different types of solar flares, which usually occur separately, but in a unique way this time occurred together, according to a NASA statement. Because it involves many different types of events at once, scientists investigating the explosion in a new study believe that this strange phenomenon could reveal what causes all kinds of solar flares.
“This event is a missing link where we can see all these aspects of different types of eruptions in one neat little package,” said Emily Mason, lead author of the new study and solar scientist at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland. in the same statement. “This leads to the idea that these eruptions are caused by the same mechanism, only on a different scale.”
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There are usually three different types of eruptions that can occur in the sun: coronal mass ejections (CME), jets, or partial eruptions. CME and jets are explosive and explosive particles and energy in the vacuum of space. The jets are ejected like thin rays of solar material, and the CME creates massive bubbles of material that are pushed out of the sun’s magnetic fields. In contrast to these two, partial eruptions originate from the surface of the sun, but do not bring it entirely into space; the material that erupts simply falls back into the sun.
During the eruption in March 2016, scientists observed the eruption of hot solar material from a “magnetically active” region of the solar surface, the statement said. This discharge was too large to be considered a jet, but not large enough to be labeled CME, and soon after the eruption, cooler surface material began to explode from the same location before falling back into the sun. The event appears to have characteristics of all three different types of solar flares, so scientists believe that they can all be caused by the same phenomenon, and therefore, by finding the mechanism behind this event, they can explain the origin of all solar flares.
That’s why scientists refer to the event as the Rosetta Stone eruption, which refers to the Rosetta Stone, an artifact with hieroglyphs, ancient Egyptian demotics and ancient Greek, which finally helped scientists decipher the ancient hieroglyphs.
Following the observations of the eruption, scientists continue to study the eruption and the like, modeling them to study the mechanism behind them and the trigger that triggered them. This is important to us here on Earth, especially because CMEs emit large amounts of charged particles and can interfere with the Earth’s useful networks and even pose a danger to astronauts and space technology. So, by better understanding the mechanism behind solar flares, scientists hope they can predict them better and prevent CME damage.
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